Peter Schreier grew up in Constappel, Saxony . His father was a teacher and cantor. The following inscription is attached to the parental home: "This is where the composer Carl Ferdinand Adam was born in 1806." Peter Schreier was accepted into the preparatory class of the Dresden Kreuzchor in 1943 and was a member in July 1945. He was discovered as a talent by the choir director Rudolf Mauersberger . Even as a boy , Peter Schreier drew attention to himself, as documented by recordings from this time. Mauersberger composed a number of solo parts for him, including a. the Nocturno, the Lord's Prayer from the Sacred Summer Music , the De profundis from the Dresden Requiem and several folk song arrangements.
After his voice broke , Schreier switched to tenor . After initial, private studies with Fritz Polster, he studied singing at the Dresden Music Academy . In addition to Herbert Winkler and Johannes Kemter , his teachers also included Ernst Hintze (conducting) and Martin Flämig (choir direction). In 1959 he made his debut at the Dresden State Opera as the first prisoner in Beethoven's Fidelio . In 1961 he became a member of the ensemble and celebrated his first major successes in Mozart roles, which subsequently played a central role in his repertoire. In 1963 he moved to the Berlin State Opera . His Belmonte (in Mozart's Abduction from the Seraglio ) was a great success; international opera houses became aware of him.
In 1966 Schreier made his debut as a young sailor in Tristan und Isolde at the Bayreuth Festival . In 1967 he sang for the first time at the Salzburg Festival, where he has been a guest for 25 years. This was followed by engagements at La Scala in Milan , the New York Met and the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires. Schreier enjoyed the freedom to travel without being a member of the SED . The reason why he had never left the GDR permanently for the west, he cited his strong ties to musical life and the musical tradition of Saxony and Dresden.
Schreier gained international recognition as a Mozart singer in particular, but the design of the evangelist parts of Johann Sebastian Bach's passions and oratorios also made him known worldwide. His repertoire was broad; In addition to opera, lied and oratorio , one of his master's areas, he also worked in the operetta field (such as Eisenstein in der Fledermaus ). Peter Schreier was last heard as a singer on December 22, 2005 in Prague. Then he ended his international singing career.
Since 1981 he has been working as an honorary professor and has led international master classes for singing. Among his numerous sound recordings, the album Peter Schreier sings Christmas carols was by far the best-selling sound carrier in the history of the GDR with around 1.4 million copies. If one takes the current award guidelines of the Association of the German Music Industry as a basis, as last amended on October 1, 2003, this sound carrier would have been awarded 14 gold and 1 platinum.
As a conductor he worked a. a. with the Berlin Philharmonic , the Hamburg Symphony , the Staatskapelle Dresden , the Vienna Symphony , the Mozarteum Orchestra Salzburg , the Gürzenich Orchestra , the Philharmonic State Orchestra Hamburg and the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra .
From 1984 to 1990 Schreier was President of the “Kuratorium Schauspielhaus Berlin” (later Konzerthaus Berlin ). He was a member of the Saxon Academy of the Arts . At the suggestion of State Opera Director Hans Pischner , Schreier was appointed a full honorary member of the European Cultural Workshop (EKW) in 2004.
Schreier lived in Dresden-Loschwitz , was married and had two sons, Torsten (* 1958) and Ralf (* 1961), named after the Swedish tenor Torsten Ralf , who worked at the Dresden State Opera from 1935 to 1945.
On December 25, 2019, Schreier died at the age of 84 after a long illness in a Dresden hospital.
As a singer
- In an untitled collection with organ and sacred music by Palestrina and Bach, Peter Schreier sang three alto arias as a boy: It is done from the St. John Passion (BWV 245 No. 58; NBA No. 30) and It costs a lot, to be a Christian (BWV 459) and what are you, oh soul, so sad? (BWV 506) from Schemelli's hymn book. At the organ: Hans Otto. VEB Lied der Zeit - Schallplatten - ETERNA (LPM 1025), published around 1954/55.
- 80th Anniversary Edition Berlin Classics (Edel), 2015.
- Johann Sebastian Bach : St. Matthew Passion . Conductor: Karl Richter . Archive production (Universal Music), 1989.
- Johann Sebastian Bach: St. John Passion . Conductor: Hans-Joachim Rotzsch . RCA class. (Sony Music), 1998.
- Johann Sebastian Bach: Christmas Oratorio , conductor: Martin Flämig . Berlin Classics (Edel), 1993. (CD of recording from 1974)
- Ludwig van Beethoven : To the distant lover. 58; NBA With András Schiff (piano). Decca (Universal Music), 1996.
- Hector Berlioz : Requiem . Conductor: Charles Munch . Deutsche Grammophon (Universal Music), 2009.
- Johannes Brahms : The beautiful Magelon . with András Schiff (piano). Belvedere (Harmonia Mundi), 2015.
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart : Opera Arias. Polygram Records, 1990.
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Requiem . Conductor: Karl Böhm . Philips (Universal Music), 1984.
- The breath of love. Peter Schreier as Mozart tenor. Conductor: Otmar Suitner . Eterna, 1973.
- Prokofjew - Hindemith : songs. Berlin Classics (Edel), 2004.
- Franz Schubert : The beautiful miller . With Konrad Ragossnig (guitar). Berlin Classics (Edel), 2004.
- Franz Schubert: Die Winterreise (in an arrangement for voice and string quartet). Profile (Naxos), 2015.
- Franz Schubert: Schubert Songs. with András Schiff (piano). Wigmore Hall Live (CODAEX Germany), 2006.
- Heinrich Schütz : St. John Passion SWV 481 / Psalms of David . Conductor: Martin Flämig. Berlin classics (Edel), 1997.
- Robert Schumann : Dichterliebe op. 48. With Christoph Eschenbach (piano). Teldec Classics International, 1991.
- Robert Schumann: Dichterliebe op. 48 / Liederkreis op.39 . With Norman Shetler (piano). Berlin Classics (Edel), 2007.
- From boyhood to lyrical tenor. Berlin Classics (Edel), 1995.
- Richard Wagner : Tristan and Isolde . Conductor: Herbert von Karajan . EMI - His Masters Voice, 1988.
- Hugo Wolf : Goethe songs. with Wolfgang Sawallisch (piano). Ariola Eurodisc, 1986.
- Hugo Wolf: Mörike songs. With Karl Engel (piano). Orfeo (Naxos Germany), 1998.
As a conductor
- Johann Sebastian Bach: Christmas Oratorio (excerpts). Staatskapelle Dresden. MC, Eterna-Digital, (1985).
- Johann Sebastian Bach: St. John Passion. Staatskapelle Dresden . Newton Classics (membrane), 2011.
- Johann Sebastian Bach: Two wedding cantatas, BWV 202 & 210. ( Soft, sad shadows / O fair day, desired time ). Chamber Orchestra Berlin. Brilliant Classics, (ca.2000).
- Johann Sebastian Bach: Secular Cantatas, BWV 204 & 208. ( What pleases me is just the lively hunt / I am happy in myself ). Brilliant Classics, (ca.2000).
- Joseph Haydn: The Creation . Hob. XXI: 2. DVD. Arthaus Music, 1992.
Schreier received, among other things, the national prize of the GDR 1st class (1986) and the Federal Cross of Merit . Furthermore, he was awarded the title of chamber singer three times (GDR, Bavaria, Austria), and he was made an honorary citizen of Meissen .
- 1967: National Prize of the GDR III. class
- 1969: Robert Schumann Prize of the City of Zwickau
- 1972: Handel Prize of the Halle district
- 1984: Patriotic Order of Merit in Gold
- 1986: Honorary member of the Society of Friends of Music in Vienna
- 1988: Ernst von Siemens Music Prize ; Léonie Sonning Music Prize
- 1989: Great star of friendship among peoples
- 1994: Georg-Philipp-Telemann-Prize of the state capital Magdeburg
- 1998: Bible and Culture Foundation - Prize for Bible and Song
- 2000: European Church Music Prize ;
- 2004: Honorary member of the "European Culture Workshop" (EKW) Berlin / Vienna
- 2009: Bach Prize of the Royal Academy of Music
- 2011: International Mendelssohn Prize in Leipzig (Music Category)
- 2011: Hugo Wolf Medal
- 2013: Bach Medal , awarded at the Bach Festival in Leipzig for his Bach interpretations
- 2016: Saxon Order of Merit
- 2016: Art Prize of the State Capital Dresden
- Peter Schreier - A film by Wolf-Eberhard von Lewinski . 60 min., SR production , broadcast in the first program on April 30, 1978.
- Peter Schreier sings - songs by JS Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert and Brahms . Recording of a recital in the SR broadcasting hall on November 20, 1977. At the piano: Norman Shetler , director: Peter Rocholl , broadcast in the first and third programs of ARD 1978.
- Peter Schreier - Everything has its time . 83 min., Directed and produced by Heide Blum. D 2006.
- CVs: Peter Schreier - vocal wonder and global citizen , documentary film - production, screenplay and director: Heike Bittner (D 2015)
- Gottfried Schmiedel: Peter Schreier portrayed for you . VEB German publishing house for music Leipzig, Leipzig 1976
- Peter Schreier: From my point of view. Thoughts and memories, Union-Verlag, Berlin 1983.
- Jürgen Helfricht : Peter Schreier - Melodies of a Life . Verlag der Kunst Dresden, Husum 2008, ISBN 978-3-86530-109-3 .
- Renate Rätz: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 2. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 . . In:
- Manfred Meier (editor), Peter Schreier: In the rear-view mirror: memories and views , recorded by Manfred Meier, Vienna: Ed. Steinbauer 2005, ISBN 3-902494-04-2 .
- Siegfried Meurer : The Bible and Culture Foundation 1988-2000 , German Bible Society, Stuttgart 2001 ISBN 3-438-06259-3
- Screamers, Peter. In: KJ Kutsch, L. Riemens: Großes Sängerlexikon , Volume 6, KG Saur, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-598-11598-9 , pp. 4269–4270
- Literature by and about Peter Schreier in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Peter Schreier in the German Digital Library
- Peter Schreier in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Peter Schreier in the Bavarian Musicians' Lexicon Online (BMLO)
- Peter Schreier at Bach Cantatas (English)
- Recordings by and with Peter Schreier in the online archive of the Austrian Media Library
- Tenor Peter Schreier died in Dresden at the age of 84. The time online from December 26, 2019, accessed on December 26, 2019.
- BR-Klassik of December 26, 2019: On the death of tenor Peter Schreier. Evangelist and Wagner tenor, by Matthias Keller , accessed December 26, 2019
- Encounters with Rudolf Mauersberger. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Berlin 1977, p. 75.
- Volker Blech: Peter Schreier, the evangelist for generations. Berliner Morgenpost, September 13, 2015, accessed on December 26, 2019.
- Peter Schreier. Klassik-heute.com, accessed on December 27, 2019.
- Tenor Peter Schreier is dead. Zeit.de, December 26, 2019, accessed on December 27, 2019 .
- IFPI : Allocation Guidelines of the Association of the German Music Industry ( Memento of March 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) accessed on April 22, 2009
- Peter Schreier in: Sächsische Akademie der Künste, accessed on June 28, 2020
- Dresdner Kammersänger Peter Schreier is dead maz-online.de, December 26, 2019.
- Neues Deutschland , May 2, 1984, p. 2.
- Royal Academy of Music: Ton Koopman awarded Bach Prize (2014).
- Mendelssohn Prize awarded. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung of July 8, 2011, p. B5.
- Tillich presents the Saxon Order of Merit , accessed on June 1, 2016.
- Summary of the film Everything has its time heide-blum.de
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schreier, Peter Max (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German singer (tenor) and conductor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 29, 1935|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Meissen|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 25, 2019|
|Place of death||Dresden|