SR 1 Europawelle
SR 2 Kulturradio
SR 3 Saarlandwelle
SR 4 (former)
|Watch TV:||SR television (together with SWR television )|
|Sound body:||German Radio Philharmonic Saarbrücken Kaiserslautern (together with SWR )|
|Legal form:||Institute of public right|
The Saarländischer Rundfunk ( SR ) is an institution under public law and the state broadcasting corporation of the Saarland with its seat on the Halberg in Saarbrücken (Funkhaus Halberg). The SR is a member of ARD .
In 1929 the first radio broadcast was broadcast from the Saarland, which at that time was still called the Saar area and was under the administration of the League of Nations . After the re-integration of the Saar area into the German Reich as a result of the vote in 1935, the "Reichssender Saarbrücken" was founded as part of the "Reichs-Rundfunk GmbH Berlin".
In Germany immediately after the war , the Saarland formed a special zone in the French occupation zone because of the plan to integrate the Saar into French territory ("rattachement") ; therefore, in 1945/46 , the military government set up “Radio Sarrebruck” as well as “Radio Saarbrücken” (March 17, 1946), also with a German-language program, outside of its official transmitter in Baden-Baden . The transmitter was subordinated to the newly created civil broadcasting office. When the plans for incorporation had to be abandoned, the station received an appointed director (Fréderic Billmann) on December 31, 1947 . In 1952, the first broadcasting law for Saarland came into force, as a result of which the radio station Radio Saarbrücken was converted into an "SR GmbH ".
(One year later the first television program was broadcast in Saarland, but not, as is often assumed, by this company, but by " Telesaar ", a German subsidiary of the French broadcaster " Europe 1 ".)
Until 1955, the SR only broadcast a radio program on medium wave 1421 kHz, then also on VHF 88.0 MHz.
With the accession of the Saarland to the Federal Republic of Germany on January 1, 1957, the Saarländischer Rundfunk GmbH ceased to exist and the public broadcasting corporation for the Saarland called Saarländischer Rundfunk was included in the ARD . A quarter of a year after "Day X" (July 6, 1959), which formed the economic connection between the Saarland and the Federal Republic, the SR then broadcast a television program again. At first it turned out to be very modest, initially only in the form of half-hour regional broadcasts of commercials, but the SR's television program quickly grew. From 1961 - until today - a regional program for the Saarland with the state show "Current Report" was set up in the evening program until 8 p.m. Since then, Saarland Broadcasting has also taken on a share in the ARD's community television program.
On April 5, 1969, the three southwest German broadcasters Saarländischer Rundfunk, SDR and SWF started their joint third television program "Südwest 3", sometimes also referred to as "S3", with a broadcast evening from Saarbrücken. It was the youngest of a total of five so-called "third television programs" from the ARD companies . Initially it was broadcast on only three days of the week, from September 1969 on four days of the week, and in 1971 it was expanded to become a week-long program. For many years, Südwest 3 had its focus on education and training programs as well as a weekly regional evening that was held separately in the three federal states, including Saarland. In the blanking interval of this program, the SR started its regional teletext service under the name Saartext on October 2, 1989 .
Europawelle Saar went on air on January 2nd, 1964 . At the same time the third radio program started - initially as a " guest worker program ", but then also filled with other programs, and since January 7, 1980 it has been a regional and state program as SR 3 Saarlandwelle . The second radio program was further developed from 1967 onwards to become the sophisticated Studio Wave Saar . From 1972 to 1990 one was operated in cooperation with the Süddeutscher Rundfunk (SDR) and the Südwestfunk (SWF), and from 1991 to the end of 1994 the program was largely connected to the second radio program of the Hessischer Rundfunk ( hr2 ). The program has been called SR 2 Kulturradio since January 1, 1995 and has been a full, culture-oriented program ever since . The program was gradually expanded to become a full program until there had been daily broadcasts since 1971.
On November 6, 1989, SR started its fourth radio program SR 4 . This was a mixed program which, since March 1, 1999, has mainly broadcast programs for foreigners as well as direct broadcasts from the Bundestag and Landtag . In the rest of the time, SR 4 mainly took over the programming of SR 2 Kulturradio and SR 3 Saarlandwelle. SR 4 also broadcast the radio broadcasts of the Open Channel in Saarland. On March 30, 2002, however, this was discontinued after a resolution by the Saarland state parliament .
With the merger of SDR and SWF to form SWR on September 1, 1998, the previous third television program Südwest 3 was converted into the two programs "Südwest Baden-Württemberg" and "Südwest Rheinland-Pfalz", together "Südwest Fernsehen". The SR used this restructuring to start its third television program under its own name SR Südwest Fernsehen , although most of the program was still broadcast together with "Südwest Fernsehen".
On September 11, 2006, due to the renaming of "Südwest Fernsehens" to "SWR Fernsehen", the name was changed to "SR Fernsehen"; the cooperation with SWR television (formerly Südwest Fernsehen) will continue. SR TV and Südwestrundfunk continue to broadcast a jointly designed program that v. a. is supplemented by regional broadcasts at noon (repeats) and on the evening before (from 6 to 8 p.m.) as well as regional news broadcasts (at 4 p.m., 5 p.m., 6 p.m., 9:45 p.m.).
In January 2004, the Saarländischer Rundfunk changed its radio structure slightly: The SR 4 program was discontinued, and our thing was expanded from a project to a young program.
On November 26th, 2006 the 50th birthday of the SR was celebrated with a ceremony in the Saarlandhalle. The Radio Symphony Orchestra (RSO) Saarbrücken played the 9th Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven under the direction of Stanislaw Skrowaczewski .
The Saarland radio produced a number of well-known journalists and reporters throughout Germany. Probably the best known among them is Werner Zimmer , who is nicknamed “Mr. Sportschau “received. From 1966 to 1993 he moderated the most watched TV sports program in Germany, the ARD sports show.
Saarländischer Rundfunk employed an average of 544 employees and an additional 194 freelance workers in the 2019 financial year . The number of permanent positions has therefore decreased slightly since 2009 (581 employees).
Intendants and directors of the SR and its predecessor institutions:
- 1935–1938: Adolf Raskin , director of the "Reichssender Saarbrücken"
- 1938–1945: Karl Mages
- 1945–1947: Emanuel Charrin , Officier-Chef du Center Emetteur, later “Contrôleur Général” from “Radio Saarbrücken”
- 1947–1948: Gérard Losson , General Manager
- 1948–1955: Frédéric Billmann , new general manager
- 1953–1954: Hans Wettmann , second general manager next to Billmann
- 1954–1955: Hermann M. Görgen , new second general director
- 1955–1958: Eugen Meyer , provisional managing director of "Saarländischer Rundfunk GmbH"
- 1958–1978: Franz Mai , first director of the Saarland broadcasting company
- 1978–1989: Hubert Rohde
- 1989–1996: Manfred Buchwald
- 1996–2011: Fritz Raff
- since July 2011: Thomas Kleist
After the death of artistic director Fritz Raff on January 27, 2011, the Broadcasting Council elected the lawyer and European media lawyer Thomas Kleist as his successor on April 15, 2011 . Kleist took office in July 2011.
The directors and their areas of responsibility are:
- Lutz Semmelrogge: TV program director and deputy director
- Martin Grasmück: Radio Director and Deputy Program Director, Head of Program Area SR 1 Europawelle / Young Offers
- Stephanie Weber: Administrative and Operations Director
Programs of the SR
The SR organizes the following television and radio programs alone or in cooperation with other radio or television companies:
- The first German television - joint program of the ARD
- SR Fernsehen - Third television program for Saarland with the regional teletext service "Saartext" (in cooperation with SWR Fernsehen )
- Phoenix - joint event channel of ARD and ZDF
- KiKA - children's channel from ARD and ZDF
- Arte - German-French cultural channel
- 3sat - cultural channel from ARD , ZDF , ORF and SRG
- tagesschau24 - digital information channel of ARD
- One - digital culture channel of ARD
- SR 1 - radio with pop music and information
- SR 2 KulturRadio - cultural radio
- SR 3 Saarlandwelle - radio with German and French music (especially chansons ), as well as detailed information about the Saarland
- UNSERDING - youth wave that mainly plays English and German-language pop and rock music; Dasding takes over the program at night between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m.
- Antenne Saar - word-based information wave with a German-French character.
- SR 1 lounge
- SR 1-Absolute Music
- SR 2-OffBeat
- SR 3 hit world
- SR 3 old world
- UNSERDING future
Pause sign, orchestra
As a pause , the Saarländischer Rundfunk used a few bars of the melody of the miner's song Glückauf, the Steiger is coming (exactly to the line "... and he has his bright light at night ..."). It was heard in different variations in the course of use, but is no longer in use due to the use of today's jingles .
- Orchestra: Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra, since 2007 German Radio Philharmonic Saarbrücken Kaiserslautern
Digital broadcast of the SR
Digital radio transmission
The Saarländischer Rundfunk broadcasts its radio program - in addition to the analogue VHF transmission - since December 30, 2000 also via DAB . Up until December 31, 2011, transmission capacities were used in the Digital Radio Saar GmbH network. The SR has been operating its own DAB transmitter network in Block 9A since the beginning of 2012, which was converted to the current DAB + standard in 2016.
round (ND) /
|Single frequency network (SFN)|
|DAB + block of the SR||2||ND||
Bliestal (Webenheim-Hahnen) , Mettlach (St. Gangolf) , Moselle Valley (Oberperl-Hammelsberg) , Saarbrücken (Göttelborner Höhe) , Saarbrücken (Halberg) , Tholey (Schaumberg)
On December 13, 2007, the conversion to digital terrestrial transmission ( DVB-T ) with four multiplexes was completed, thus ending analogue terrestrial broadcasting.
The occupancy of the DVB-T multiplexes in Saarland:
|SR multiplex||The First , SR Television , Arte , Phoenix|
|SWR multiplex||SWR -RP, WDR , BR , HR|
|ZDF multiplex||ZDF , ZDFinfokanal , 3sat , KI.KA / ZDFneo (alternating)|
|Private multiplex||Saar TV (closed in May 2009), Tele 5 , QVC , Bibel TV|
The ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG and RTL Group will not participate in a broadcast via DVB-T in Saarland itself.
- Medium wave transmitter Heusweiler (program: Deutschlandfunk and Antenne Saar), switched off at the end of 2015. Dismantled by demolition on September 21, 2018
- VHF transmitter: Göttelborner Höhe , Moseltal , Bliestal , Halberg , Mettlach , Merzig
- TV station: Spiesen , Göttelborner Höhe
Awards given by the Saarländischer Rundfunk
- German-French journalism award
- Fritz Raff Screenplay Prize at the Max Ophüls Prize Film Festival
- Primeurs Author Prize
- Early Music Award
- Eugen Helmlé translator award
- Media Art Prize
- Gustav-Regulator-Advancement Award
- Saarland dialect price
- Günter Rohrbach Film Prize
- Ensemble Prize
- Theodore Gouvy Prize
- Axel Buchholz Prize
Loss of millions at Telefilm Saar
The SR held a 100% share in the production company Telefilm Saar GmbH (TFS) through the subsidiary Werbefunk Saar GmbH, which has existed since 1950 . Their managing director Joachim Schöneberger caused high financial damage of up to 25 million euros through fraud and breach of trust as well as forgery of documents, which had to be borne by the broadcaster. The TFS supervisory board, which included Fritz Raff , the then SR director, only noticed the irregularities in the summer of 2006. On April 24, 2007 Schöneberger was dismissed without notice and as a result Telefilm Saar was liquidated to avoid an inevitable bankruptcy.
- Hans Bünte, u. a. ed. v. Fritz Raff and Axel Buchholz: History and stories of the station on the Saar - 50 years of Saarländischer Rundfunk. Herder Verlag 2007. ISBN 978-3-451-29818-9
- Thomas Kleist (editor), Axel Buchholz (editor): Finds from 60 years of Saarland broadcasting: history (s), people, experiences. Geistkirch Verlag 2017, Saarbrücken. ISBN 978-3-946036-67-8
- Official website
- Literature about the Saarland radio in the Saarland bibliography
- History of broadcasting on the Saar on Saar-Nostalgie.de
- Ordinance No. 46 regarding the establishment of a broadcasting office for the Saar area of June 24, 1946, JO.CCFA No. 27 (1946) p. 221 , amended by Ordinance No. 124 on broadcasting in the Saarland of November 16, 1947, JO.CCFA No. 121 (1947) p. 1239
- Law on Broadcasting of June 18, 1952 ( OJ p. 647 )
- Law No. 538 on Saarland Broadcasting from November 27, 1956 ( OJ p. 1549 )
- On the closure of the Saarland Open Canal ( memento from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 147 kB)
- Saarländischer Rundfunk - Mein Land. My transmitter. (pdf) p. 28 , accessed on May 7, 2019 .
- Saarland Media Act, Section 34 (PDF; 148 kB)
- FAQ on DAB + launch on November 22, 2016. Accessed on January 14, 2017 .
- teltarif.de - News: DVB-T starts in the Black Forest and on the Upper Rhine
- Home - Film Festival Max Ophüls Prize
- Saarland State Theater Saarbrücken
- Early Music Saar - Start
- Foundation ME Saar
- SR-online - start page
- Merzig - The City with More Possibilities ( Memento of the original from June 5, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Dialect in Saarland ( Memento of the original from March 28, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- German Radio Philharmonic - Saarbrücken - Kaiserslautern
- Professor Axel Buchholz Prize 2014 | for young journalistic students in Saarland
- Der SR: Daughters and Participations Overview from May 12, 2004, accessed on April 1, 2018.
- Scandal Telefilm Saar: For a black Ferrari article from May 18, 2007 in FAZ -online, accessed on April 1, 2018.
- Saarländischer Rundfunk: Affäre im kleine Land Article from May 4, 2007 on SZ -online, accessed on April 1, 2018.
- Chronicle of the ARD: December 10, 2007 Telefilm Saar in Liquidation , accessed on April 1, 2018.