Saint Petersburg Conservatory
The State Saint Petersburg Conservatory "Rimsky-Korsakov" ( Russian : Санкт-Петербургская государственная консерватория имени Н.А. Римского-Корсакова , St. Peterburgskaja gossudarstwennaja konserwatorija imeni NA Rimskogo-Korsakowa or only Санкт-Петербургская консерватория , Sank-Peterburgskaja konserwatorija ) in Saint Petersburg is one of the most important music academies in Russia alongside the Moscow Conservatory .
In 1859, on the initiative of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna , Anton Rubinstein , Andrei Nikolajewitsch Markowitsch and other personalities of society and musical life, the Russian Music Society ( Russkoe muzykal'noe obščestvo , RMO) was founded, from whose music classes the first conservatory in 1862 Russia was founded. The first director of the conservatory and professor for piano was Anton Rubinstein.
Initially, the conservatory had no permanent premises, the classes were taught at different addresses in the city for over 30 years. In 1889, Tsar Alexander III. A former building of the Bolshoi Theater on Theaterplatz is available to the Conservatory, where the Conservatory is still located today. According to the plans of the architect Vladimir Nikol, the building was almost completely renovated - only the foundations, walls and a few other elements of the former Bolshoi Theater remained. The grand opening took place in November 1896.
The first graduate to complete his composition studies here in 1865 was Peter Tchaikovsky . From 1871 to 1908 Nikolai Andrejewitsch Rimski-Korsakow was particularly influential as professor of composition and instrumentation and also headed the orchestral class. Many of his students later taught themselves at the conservatory, which was named after him in 1944.
From 1924 to 1991, after the city was renamed Leningrad, the Conservatory was called the Leningrad Conservatory .
As of 2013 there were over 1,300 students and 400 academic staff.
Directors and Rectors
- Anton Rubinstein , 1862–1867 and 1887–1891
- Nikolai Saremba , 1867–1871
- Mikhail Asantschewski , 1871–1876
- Karl Dawidow , 1876–1887
- Julius Johannsen , 1891–1897
- August Bernhard , 1897–1905
- Alexander Glasunow , 1905–1928; formal 1930, rector
- Alexei Maschirow , 1930-1933
- Weniamin Buchstein , 1935–1936
- Boris Sagurski , 1936–1939, rector
- Pavel Serebryakov , 1939–1952, 1962–1977
- Yuri Brjuschkow , 1952–1962
- Yuri Bolschijanow , 1977–1979
- Wladislaw Tschernuschenko , 1979–2002
- Sergei Roldugin , 2002-2004
- Alexander Tchaikovsky , 2004–2008
- Sergei Stadler , 2008–2011
- Michail Gantwarg , 2011–2015
- Alexei Wassiljew , 2015–
- Conservatory website (Russian / English)
- From the history of the first conservatory in Russia
- Olessja Jantschenko: From the history of the first conservatory in Russia. In: Contrapunkt. December 2, 2012, accessed May 24, 2020 .
- About the conservatory , as of 2013 (English)