Karl Juljewitsch Dawidow
Karl Juljewitsch Dawidow ( Russian Карл Юльевич Давидов, also Carl Davidoff ; * March 3 July / March 15, 1838 greg. In Goldingen , Courland ; † February 14 jul. / February 26, 1889 greg. In Moscow ) was a Russian Composer , conductor , cellist and music teacher.
Dawidow was born in the then Russian province of Courland . His studies took him to Moscow to Heinrich Schmidt and to Karl Schuberth in Petersburg , where he studied cello; later he went to the Leipzig Conservatory , where he completed his training with Friedrich Grützmacher in 1859. From 1860 to 1862 Dawidow was his successor as solo violon cellist at the Leipzig Gewandhaus and also as a cello teacher at the conservatory until he returned to Russia in the early 1860s. From 1862 to 1882 he held the position of solo cellist at the Imperial Theaters in St. Petersburg and took over a professorship at the St. Petersburg Conservatory . From 1876 until his retirement in 1887 he was the director of this conservatory. In the eyes of his contemporaries he was valued primarily as a cellist and director of the Conservatory. Tchaikovsky called him the “Tsar among cellists” and also dedicated his “ Capriccio Italy ”, op. 45 , to him . Dawidov's own works were less popular.
His compositional work includes instrumental concerts primarily for cello, ballads , songs , but also works for strings and piano. Dawidow also began to compose an opera, probably due to lack of time he left it unfinished. He gave the libretto to Tchaikovsky, who used it for his opera “ Mazeppa ”. He also wrote a violoncello school. One of his best-known works was the salon piece “Am Springbrunnen”.
A Stradivari cello was named after Dawidow .
The cello concertos are of great virtuosity; this is probably why they were rarely performed in the past. In 1995 the cellist Marina Tarasova recorded the cello concertos 1 and 2 (Alto label). In 1997 the cellist Wen-Sinn Yang played Dawidow's cello concertos 1 and 2 (La Vergne Classics label). In 2007, the classical label cpo, which specializes in classical first recordings, released this recording.
In 2009 the cello concertos 3 and 4 could also be played for the first time after finding the sheet music for these works after a long search. These two CDs made Dawidow a little better known in German-speaking countries.
- Violoncello Concerto No. 1 in B minor, op.5 (1859)
- Fantasy on Russian Folk Songs for Violoncello and Orchestra, op.7
- Allegro de Concert in A minor for violoncello and orchestra, op.11 (1860)
- Violoncello Concerto No. 2 in A minor. op. 14 (1863)
- Violoncello Concerto No. 3 in D major, op.18 (1868)
- “The Gifts of Terek”, symphonic poem, op. 21
- Ballad in G minor for violoncello and orchestra, op.25 (1875)
- Violoncello Concerto No. 4 in E minor, op.31 (1878)
- Orchestral suite, op.37
- String sextet, op.35
- String quartet, op 38
- Piano quintet, op.40
- “Am Springbrunnen” for violoncello and piano, op. 20/2
- and numerous other solo and salon pieces for violoncello, as well
- "Poltava", opera based on Pushkin (started 1876, unfinished)
- School of cello playing . Leipzig 1888, Moscow 1947
- Brockhaus-Riemann Musiklexikon edited by Carl Dahlhaus, Hans Heinrich Eggebrecht and Kurt Oehl. Mainz 1995, volume 1, p. 300.
- Eckhardt van den Hoogen: Carl Davidoff - Cello Concertos 3 & 4 . In: Booklet for cpo 777 432-2, pp. 5–11 (2009/10)
- Helmut Scheunchen: Lexicon of German Baltic Music. Harro von Hirschheydt publishing house, Wedemark-Elze 2002. ISBN 3-7777-0730-9 . Pp. 51-53.
- Works by and about Karl Juljewitsch Dawidow in the catalog of the German National Library
- Davidow . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 4, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 585.
- Sheet music and audio files by Karl Juljewitsch Dawidow in the International Music Score Library Project
- Baltic Historical Commission (ed.): Entry on Karl Juljewitsch Dawidow. In: BBLD - Baltic Biographical Lexicon digital
|SURNAME||Dawidow, Karl Juljewitsch|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Carl Davidoff; Davidow, Karl; Dawydow, Karl Juljewitsch; Dawidow, Karl Juljewitsch; Dawidhof, Karl Juljewitsch; Davidoff, Charles; Davidow, Carl; Davydov, Karl Julevic; Давыдов, Карл Юльевич (Russian)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Russian composer, conductor, cellist and music teacher|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 15, 1838|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kuldīga|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 26, 1889|
|Place of death||Moscow|