Emmanuelle Charpentier

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Emmanuelle Charpentier (2015)

Emmanuelle Marie Charpentier (born December 11, 1968 in Juvisy-sur-Orge , France ) is a French microbiologist , geneticist and biochemist .

Charpentier has been the head of the “Max Planck Research Center for the Science of Pathogens” in Berlin since 2018; previously she was director at the Berlin Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology since 2015 . The Max Planck Research Center is administratively independent of the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology.


From 1986 Charpentier studied biology , microbiology and genetics at the University of Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris , where she obtained a Ph.D. in 1995 for her research work at the Pasteur Institute. in microbiology. From 1996 she was a postdoctoral fellow at Rockefeller University , New York University Langone Medical Center, Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine (all based in New York ) and St Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis , Tennessee .

In 2002 she moved to the Max F. Perutz Laboratories of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna , where she was initially employed as a visiting professor, from 2004 as an assistant professor and after her habilitation in microbiology in 2006 as an associate professor . In 2009 Charpentier went to Umeå University in Sweden. Here she set up a new working group at the Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden MIMS and received a professorship (associate professor) . The MIMS is part of "The Nordic EMBL Partnership for Molecular Medicine" with partner laboratories in Finland (FIMM), Denmark (DANDRITE) and Norway (NCMM). From 2013 to 2015 Charpentier was a professor at the Medical University of Hanover and headed the Regulation in Infection Biology department at the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research , Braunschweig . In 2014 she received an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship at the Hannover Medical School . The three institutions in Umeå, Hanover and Braunschweig cooperate. Until the end of 2017, she continued to work as a visiting professor at the University of Umeå, Sweden.

In 2015 Charpentier accepted the call to director of the regulation department in infection biology at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin and has since been a scientific member of the Max Planck Society . Since 2018 she has been the founding director of the independent Max Planck Research Center for the Science of Pathogens. She is an honorary professor at the Humboldt University in Berlin .


Emmanuelle Charpentier is considered an innovative researcher in the field of regulatory mechanisms that underlie infection processes and the immunity of pathogenic bacteria. Her focus here is on gene regulation at the level of (bacterial) ribonucleic acid (RNA) and the molecular biological research into infections . She researches the ability of bacterial pathogens to protect themselves against foreign DNA that has penetrated the bacterial cell, e.g. B. by bacteriophages to defend. With her findings in the field of RNA-mediated regulation by the CRISPR / Cas system , Emmanuelle Charpentier has created the basis for the development of a technique with which targeted gene changes can be carried out ( CRISPR / Cas method , published in 2012 with Jennifer Doudna ) . Since 2015, Thomson Reuters has been one of the favorites for a Nobel Prize in Chemistry ( Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates ) due to the high number of her citations .

Awards (selection)


Honorary doctorates



  • Alison Abbott: The quiet revolutionary: How the co-discovery of CRISPR explosively changed Emmanuelle Charpentier's life . In: Nature . tape 532 , no. 7600 , April 27, 2016, ISSN  0028-0836 , p. 432-434 , doi : 10.1038 / 532432a ( nature.com [accessed July 28, 2018]).

Web links

Commons : Emmanuelle Charpentier  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna, Princess of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research
  2. Emmanuelle Charpentier: Pathogens on the trail. aerzteblatt.de, April 2017; accessed May 14, 2017
  3. New research institutions in the federal-state funding . (PDF) Press release of the GWK, April 7, 2017; accessed May 14, 2017
  4. With gene scissors to the institute - The discoverer of the gene scissors CRISPR-Cas, Emmanuelle Charpentier, is given her own institute in Berlin - a so-called Max Planck Research Center. biooekonomie.de, April 18, 2017
  5. embl.de
  6. mpg.de
  7. Emmanuelle Charpentier becomes director at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin. Press release of the Max Planck Society from July 23, 2015.
  8. Joachim Fahrun: Nobel Prize candidate receives top conditions. In: Berliner Morgenpost. September 7, 2017, accessed September 4, 2018 .
  9. M. Jinek, K. Chylinski, I. Fonfara, M. Hauer, JA Doudna, E. Charpentier: A programmable dual-RNA-guided DNA endonuclease in adaptive bacterial immunity . In: Science , Volume 337, 2012, pp. 816-821, PMID 22745249
  10. 2015 Citation Laureates Infographic. In: sciencewatch.com. Retrieved June 14, 2017 .
  11. EMBO enlarges its membership for 50th anniversary . European Molecular Biology Organization ; Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  12. Emmannuelle Charpentier .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. American Academy of Microbiology ; accessed on September 24, 2018.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.asm.org  
  13. Member entry by Prof. Dr. Emmanuelle Charpentier (with picture and CV) at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on June 11, 2016.
  14. Emmanuelle Charpentier becomes director at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin , accessed on November 15, 2017
  15. ^ Three new members elected to the Academy. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, November 19, 2015, accessed September 25, 2018 .
  16. OeAW elected 26 new members , accessed on November 15, 2017
  17. ^ Dix-huit nouveaux membres élus à l'Académie des sciences . Press release of December 6, 2017, accessed on February 28, 2018.
  18. Emmanuelle Charpentier ny ledamot av IVA . Press release of September 27, 2017, accessed on February 28, 2018.
  19. American Association for Cancer Research Announces 2017 Class of Fellows of the AACR Academy . Press release of March 17, 2018, accessed on February 28, 2017
  20. L'EPFL fête ses nouveaux diplômés , in French, accessed on November 15, 2017
  21. Darren Walker, Ford Foundation President, to Speak at NYU's Commencement , accessed November 15, 2017
  22. Laudation for Professors Jennifer Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier. In: kuleuven.be. Retrieved October 4, 2017 .
  23. HKUST Holds 25th Congregation Conferring Honorary Doctorates on Four Distinguished Academics and Community Leaders. In: ust.hk. November 17, 2017, accessed November 17, 2017 .
  24. ^ Adela Talbot: Western News - Charpentier: Be open to new perspectives. In: news.westernu.ca. October 26, 2017, accessed November 1, 2017 .
  25. Internationellt välrenommerade forskare blir hedersdoktorer - Umeå universitet. In: umu.se. Retrieved October 4, 2017 (Swedish).
  26. Doctor honoris causa and ISV 20th anniversary ( Memento from April 23, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
  27. ^ Darwin hosts Professor Charpentier , accessed December 14, 2018
  28. Businessman, scientists, actor and architect honored as University marks its Foundation Day , accessed December 14, 2018
  29. Fernströmpriset 2011 till infektionsforskare. In: umu.se. June 9, 2011, Retrieved September 25, 2018 (Swedish).
  30. ^ Gabbay Award - Current Winners at Brandeis University ; Retrieved July 16, 2014
  31. ^ Göran Gustafsson Prisen 2014 ; accessed on September 25, 2018
  32. Jennifer Doudna, Ph.D. and Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D Win 2014 Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research (PDF, 41 kB) at pauljanssenaward.com; Retrieved June 24, 2014
  33. Alexander von Humboldt Professorship - The 2014 Prize Winners at the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Retrieved June 24, 2014
  34. ^ Winner of the 2015 Louis-Jeantet Prize for medicine , Fondation Louis-Jeantet , accessed on November 15, 2017
  35. Tang Prize 2016
  36. ^ Marie de Chalup: Awarded to Prof. Emmanuelle Charpentier by the French State Secretary Thierry Mandon. Scientific Department, French Embassy in the Federal Republic of Germany, press release from June 1, 2016 at the Science Information Service (idw-online.de), accessed on June 1, 2016.
  37. Anke Lischeid: Prof. Emmanuelle Charpentier receives the Otto Warburg Medal 2016. Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, press release from April 8, 2016 from the Science Information Service (idw-online.de), accessed on October 11, 2016.
  38. Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize Winners and Young Talent Prize Winners 2016. In: uni-frankfurt.de. March 14, 2016, accessed December 7, 2016 .
  39. ^ Orden Pour le mérite elects new member. Press release of November 15, 2017, accessed on April 9, 2019.
  40. Review 2017 ; accessed April 8, 2018.
  41. The Kavli Prize goes to the science of star formation, the neurosciences of hearing, and a tool for genome editing ; accessed on June 7, 2018
  42. La AECC adjudica, en 2018, 160 ayudas para investigar el cáncer por un total de 17.6M € , accessed on September 27, 2018
  43. Harvey Prize 2018
  44. Honor for the discoverer of Crispr / Cas , accessed on March 23, 2019
  45. www.bundespraesident.de: The Federal President / Travel and Dates / Award ceremony on the Day of German Unity. Retrieved September 29, 2019 .