Milton Keynes

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Milton Keynes
Coordinates 52 ° 1 ′  N , 0 ° 44 ′  W Coordinates: 52 ° 1 ′  N , 0 ° 44 ′  W
OS National Grid SP841386
Milton Keynes (England)
Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Residents 229,941 (as of 2011)
surface 62.5 km² (24.13  mi² )
Population density: 3679 inhabitants per km²
ZIP code section MK1 - MK15
prefix 01908
Part of the country England
region South East England
Ceremonial county Buckinghamshire
Unitary authority Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes skyline (2008)
Milton Keynes Shopping Center
Liz Leyhs "Concrete Cows (Beton), unofficial landmark of the city

Milton Keynes [ ˌmɪltənˈkiːnz ] (often abbreviated to MK ) is a large city in England in the Borough of Milton Keynes . It is the largest of the planned cities (New towns) that were built in the 1960s. The city has around 230,000 inhabitants (as of 2011). It used to belong to the county of Buckinghamshire , but in 1997 the borough became an independent urban district, a Unitary Authority .

History and name

Milton Keynes was created as a planned town (New town) from 1967 to remedy the overpopulation of London and the surrounding area. The place is about halfway between London and Birmingham , and almost equidistant from Leicester , Oxford and Cambridge . A development company, the Milton Keynes Development Corporation (MKDC), was set up for planning and construction. This was in charge of urban development until 1992. The villages and towns previously existing on the area (e.g. Bletchley - known for the coding and deciphering school Bletchley Park -, Stony Stratford , Wolverton and the eponymous village of Milton Keynes, today Middleton) were included in the town planning and are partly recognizable as separate settlement centers to this day.

Contrary to a popular misconception, Milton Keynes is not named after the poet John Milton, nor after the economists Milton Friedman and John Maynard Keynes . The name comes from a place that has existed since the 11th century on the site where the planned city was later built. This place has been called Middleton since 1991 to distinguish it from the city. However, Middleton, formerly Keynes, got its name from a family of landowners called Keynes ( Cahaignes in Anglo- Norman spelling, after the village of Cahagnes , Chaiines (1135) and Kahaignae (1203) in Normandy ) who lived in the 12th and 13th centuries owned a good (English manor ) here . John Maynard Keynes came from this family, so there is actually an indirect connection between him and the city. However, the standard pronunciation between city (/ kiːnz /) and economist (/ keɪnz /) differs.


When designing the city, it was assumed that a large number of residents would have their own car. The road network is a checkerboard grid of roads, often connected by numerous similar roundabouts . Larger connecting roads (grid roads) run approximately at a distance of one kilometer . The squares enclosed by them (grid squares) with an area of ​​approx. One square kilometer each form a district. The density of roundabouts is significantly higher here than in other British cities. Concrete cows - almost life-size sculptures painted in color - are, like almost everything in the city, near these roundabouts.

Milton Keynes is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the city with the longest shopping mall (720 meters long). The city is home to Europe's largest indoor ski area with real snow, as well as the Open University , the national badminton center and the “Planet Ice Milton Keynes” ice rink (home of the Milton Keynes Lightning ice hockey team ). Furthermore, the National Bowl (also: Milton Keynes Bowl ) has been a place for open-air concerts since 1972 , where shows by numerous well-known artists have taken place.

Furthermore, the company Marshall Amplification has its headquarters in Milton Keynes. The company manufactures amplifiers and speakers for electric guitars .

From the Office for National Statistics , the urban area was (urban area) divided by Milton Keynes in the 2001 census in the following urban settlements:

Surname Population
(2001 census)
Bletchley 47.176
Browns Wood 4,225
Central Milton Keynes 31,442
Newport Pagnell 14,739
North Milton Keynes 13,489
Walnut Tree 12,526
Wolverton / Stony Stratford 60,359
Milton Keynes 184.506


  • The MK Gallery is an art gallery that opened on March 16, 2019 and features temporary exhibitions of predominantly international contemporary art and art from Great Britain. The old building from the 1990s was completely rebuilt according to plans by the architectural office 6a in close cooperation with the artists Gareth Jones and Nils Norman and extended by a wing and dominates the city skyline.
  • The Bletchley Park complex , formerly the seat of the British code and cipher school, which monitored and deciphered the communications of the German Wehrmacht , was top secret long after the war . Bletchley Park is now a magnet for visitors and had over 250,000 visitors in 2016.
  • The National Museum of Computing is on the grounds of Bletchley Park. On display are early computers from the 1940s and above all British models up to the 1990s. Is shown u. a. a replica of Colossus , with which the British deciphered radio messages from the Lorenz key machine .
  • The Milton Keynes Museum, formerly the Stacey Hill Museum, is housed in a Victorian mansion. The private local history museum also houses a small special collection of telephones and antique flap cabinets .


The Milton Keynes Dons football club, founded in 2004, is based in the city . He has been playing in the third division since 2016. The Dons are the successor club to Wimbledon FC , which is actually around 100 km further south . Their stadium, Stadium MK , was also the venue for the 2015 Rugby Union World Cup . In addition, the Formula 1 team Red Bull Racing is based in the city; from 1962 to 1992 the racing car manufacturer Motor Racing Developments and the Brabham team already sat here . In 2018, the Weber Cup , an annual bowling tournament between Europe and the USA , will be held for the first time in Arena MK .

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Milton Keynes  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. MK Gallery website , accessed on May 6, 2019
  3. ^ MK Gallery Milton Keynes , accessed May 6, 2019
  4. Bletchley Park website
  5. About Bletchley Park , accessed May 6, 2019
  6. Milton Keynes Museum website , accessed May 6, 2019
  7. ^ Website of the venue Arena MK
  8. ^ Official website of the Weber Cup