The Saar-Lor-Lux European region, which crosses several national borders, covers an area of 36,700 km² and is home to around 4.7 million people. The European region consists of the German Saarland (“Saar”), the French region of Lorraine (French Lorraine - “Lor”) and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (“Lux”). The Walloon Region in Belgium and the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate are now part of the “ Greater Region ” . More important, the region won mainly by the Coal and Steel Community , the associated coal mining and the steel industry .
At a summit in 2017 in Luxembourg's Schengen , in which the executives of the Greater Region took part, including the Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel , the Minister of the Greater Region Corinne Cahen and the Rhineland-Palatinate Prime Minister Malu Dreyer , among other things, a change of name for the Greater Region was discussed, for example to Greater Schengen region . The French department of Meuse , which has had observer status for years, is expected to become a full member of the Greater Region in January 2018, while the Ardennes department will also be accepted as an observing member.
The Euroregion SaarLorLuxRhein was founded on February 15, 1995. The term “Saar-Lor-Lux” was coined in 1969 by Hubertus Rolshoven , founding president of the IRI ( Institut Régional Intracommunautaire , now the Institute of the Greater Region ) and from 1957 to 1969 chairman of the Saarberg coal accelerator company . Historically, the term is based on an economic level and is closely related to the coal deposits and the steel industry in the triangle between Saarland, Lorraine and Luxembourg and the activities of the large heavy industry groups, e.g. B. the Luxembourg ARBED .
The Saar-Lor-Lux region is based on the agreement between the governments of the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on cooperation in the border areas of October 16, 1980. For the promotion of the economic, cultural, tourist and social development of these Authorities and institutions work together across borders.
Further development to the "Greater Region"
The Saar-Lor-Lux region has developed step by step, so that now Luxembourg, Lorraine, Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate (such as the Kaiserslautern area) and the Walloon region with the French and German-speaking communities of Belgium together as the " Greater Region " are designated. A distinction between Saar-Lor-Lux and the Greater Region as well as other cross-border networks and cooperations is important, since different bodies with different powers and instruments operate these networks. There are around 200,000 cross-border commuters in the region, including 160,000 in the direction of Luxembourg.
- Wille, Christian / Roos, Ursula: Cross-border living environments on the Luxembourg border? An empirical approach using the example of cross-border commuters and residential migrants . In: Pallagst, Karina / Hartz, Andrea / Caesar, Beate (eds.): Border Futures - Future Border - Avenir Frontière. Sustainability of cross-border cooperation. Working reports of the Academy for Spatial Research and Regional Planning 20, 2018, pp. 168–189. more info
- Christian Wille: Cross-border everyday practices in the greater SaarLorLux region: an inventory . In: Wille, Christian (ed.): Realities of life and political constructions in border regions. The example of the greater SaarLorLux region: economy - politics - everyday life - culture. Bielefeld, transcript, 2015, pp. 133–156.
- Christian Wille (Ed.): Realities of life and political constructions in border regions. The example of the greater SaarLorLux region. Economy - politics - everyday life - culture . Bielefeld, transcript, 2015, ISBN 978-3-8376-2927-9 . link
- Hubertus Rolshoven: Economic basics in the coal and steel triangle Saar-Lothringen-Luxemburg. Saarbrücken. 1965
- Wolfgang Brücher: SaarLorLux border area - a model region for Europe? Lecture at a workshop of the German-French Textbook Commission. In: Bulletin information from the SaarLorLux-Trier / West Palatinate regional commission. Issue 1 (November 2001). Saarbrücken, 2001.
- Saar-Lor-Lux. A euro region with a future? Ed .: Jo Leinen . St. Ingbert. Röhrig Universitätsverlag, 2001 (History, Politics and Society series of the Saarland Democracy Foundation ; Vol. 6) ISBN 3-86110-242-0
- Joachim Geppert: EURES regional profile Saar-Lor-Lux-Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarbrücken-Metz-Luxembourg-Mainz 2005, ISBN 3-00-015933-9
- Bernd Groß, Christian Wille, Claude Gengler, Patrick Thull (eds.): SaarLorLux from A – Z. Handbook for cross-border cooperation in the Greater Region. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2006. 157 S. (Thinking Europe. Writings on European politics, economy and culture; 3) ISBN 3-8329-1944-9 .
- Peter H. Kemp: Kinnerzit & Jeunesse in Saare-Lor-Lux-Alsace. In Moselle Franconian dialect. Paris ISBN 978-2-81062-5840 , 2012.
- Martin Niedermeyer, Peter Moll: Saar-Lor-Lux - from the mining triangle to the "Greater Region". Chances and possibilities of a cross-border regional policy in Europe. In: Fifty years of change in Saarland. Saarbrücken: Institute f. Regional studies, 2007.
- Christian Wille: Cross-border labor market in the greater SaarLorLux region: Political visions and empirical realities. In: Lorig, Wolfgang H. / Regolot, Sascha / Henn, Stefan (eds.): The SaarLorLux region. Political claim, realities, perspectives. Wiesbaden, VS Verlag, 2016, pp. 115–143. link
- Will the Greater Region soon be called "Schengen"? In: tageblatt.lu. Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, July 18, 2017, accessed on February 5, 2020 .
- Lived Europe. In: rlp.de. State Chancellery Rhineland-Palatinate , July 4, 2017, accessed on July 5, 2017 .
- Département Meuse becomes a full member of the Greater Region. In: sr.de. Saarländischer Rundfunk , July 4, 2017, archived from the original on July 7, 2017 ; Retrieved July 5, 2017 .
- The official website of the Saarland European Ministry for SaarLorLux
- Literature on the Saar-Lor-Lux region in the Saarland Bibliography
- Charter (university association of currently 13 universities in the greater region of Saar-Lor-Lux-Rhineland-Palatinate-Wallonia)
- Official website of the Greater Region Summit
- Plurio.net - the official culture portal for the greater region