European region

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Example European region Saar-Lor-Lux

Europaregion , Euroregion or Euregio ( neologism from Latin Europe and Regio ) denotes transnational regions in Europe , mostly with an economic focus. They are intended to promote cross-border cooperation and the regions themselves in social and cultural terms. In addition to the aspect of cross-border cooperation, the European Union also hopes for a strengthening of the potentially weaker peripheral regions of the individual member states.


The terms themselves are not clearly defined, which is why Euregios can be found in different legal forms :

The name European region is derived from the provisions of the Council of Europe Convention of 1980 on cross-border cooperation between the regions of Europe, the so-called Madrid Convention . A European region comprises areas from at least two cooperating countries.


The oldest European region is the EUREGIO, founded in 1958 and based in Gronau , which as a supranational local authority association along the North Rhine-Westphalian-Lower Saxony border includes around 130 communities in the Netherlands and Germany.

Another Euregio on the border of North Rhine-Westphalia is the Euregio Meuse-Rhine (EMR), which is made up of five sub-areas in three countries (the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany). One of the activities of cross-border cooperation in the EMR is the promotion of multilingualism (Dutch, French, German).

To the south of the EMR is the European region Greater Region (formerly Saar-Lor-Lux ). In this core region of Europe, the French region of Lorraine , the German federal states Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate , the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg , the Belgian region of Wallonia and the German-speaking and French communities of Belgium have come together.

On the border between Bavaria , Austria and the Czech Republic is European region Danube-Vltava active.

See also


  • Hans Joachim Kujath : German metropolitan regions as nodes in European networks. In: Geographical Rundschau. Issue 3/2005. Westermann, Braunschweig 2005, pp. 20-27
  • Marzena Schöne: Significance, typology and development prospects of the German-Polish and German-Czech Euroregions. Dissertation. Dresden 2006. Digitized version (pdf, 6.1 MB)

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