University City

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Ilmenau's place-name sign with the addition university town

A university city is a city that is the seat of a university . Other academic institutions also use the terms Hochschulstadt or Fachhochschulstadt .


Many German cities have the term University City in addition to their city name. In many large cities, the name has a lesser meaning, even if other and more meaningful names are available. For example, Berlin is primarily the federal capital , Munich is the state capital and Bremen is the Hanseatic city . Nonetheless, there are also some major cities that refer to their status as university towns for reasons of tradition, such as Würzburg , Göttingen , Heidelberg , Freiburg im Breisgau and Rostock . However , this term is mostly important for medium-sized cities , for example for Tübingen , Marburg , Passau or Greifswald . There, the term university town is often used on the town sign and letterheads.


In addition to Vienna , Innsbruck , Graz and Salzburg in particular are university cities in Austria.

In Austria, a university town cannot be found on place-name signs; however, the term is occasionally used when a text should refer to the status of a city as a university location.


In addition to the major cities of Zurich , Geneva , Basel , Bern and Lausanne , the smaller cities of Friborg , Lugano , Mendrisio , Lucerne , Neuchâtel and St. Gallen also have a university in Switzerland and are recognized by the resulting high proportion of students (for example, the university Freiburg around 10,000 students with around 33,000 inhabitants) is sometimes particularly strongly associated with this.

In Switzerland, a university town cannot be found on place-name signs; however, the term is occasionally used when a text should refer to the status of a city as a university location.


In addition to Paris , Aix / Marseille , Angers , Bordeaux , Caen , Clermont-Ferrand , Grenoble , La Rochelle , Lille , Lyon , Toulouse , Nancy , Nantes , Montpellier , Poitiers , Rennes and Strasbourg are important university cities.


The city of Groningen with 203,675 inhabitants and 55,000 students has a student share of 24.37%. Other important university locations are Amsterdam , Leiden , Utrecht , Rotterdam , Delft , Nijmegen and Maastricht .


The term university town is often to be understood in a historical context, for example to refer to the particularly long tradition as a university location. Examples include the university in Prague founded by Emperor Charles IV in 1348 , the English universities in Oxford and Cambridge , Bologna in Italy , and the German university cities of Heidelberg , Tübingen , Würzburg , Marburg and Wittenberg .

Historic university towns from the late Middle Ages and the early modern period up to the French Revolution in 1789 in German-speaking countries:

Vienna Austria 1365
Heidelberg Electoral Palatinate 1386
Cologne Kurköln 1388 closed between 1794 and 1919
Erfurt Kurmainz 1392 closed between 1816 and 1994
Wurzburg Würzburg Monastery 1402 closed between 1413 and 1582
Leipzig Electoral Saxony 1409
Rostock Mecklenburg 1419
Greifswald Pomerania 1456
Freiburg in Breisgau Front Austria 1457
Basel Imperial City of Basel 1459
Ingolstadt Bavaria 1472 1800 to Landshut and from there to Munich in 1826, today LMU Munich
trier Kurtrier 1473 closed between 1798 and 1970
Mainz Kurmainz 1476 closed between 1798 and 1946
Tübingen Württemberg 1477
Wittenberg Course Saxony 1 1502 closed in 1813
Frankfurt Oder Kurbrandenburg 1506 closed between 1811 and 1992
Marburg Hesse 1527 closed between 1649 and 1653
Dillingen on the Danube Hochstift Augsburg 1553 closed 1803
Jena Thuringian States 2 1558
Helmstedt Braunschweig 1576 closed in 1810
Wurzburg Würzburg Monastery 1582 Re-establishment
Graz Duchy of Styria 1585
to water Hessen-Darmstadt 3 1607
Paderborn Paderborn Monastery 1614 today Paderborn Faculty of Theology
Rinteln Schaumburg / Lippe 1619 closed 1809
Salzburg Prince Archbishopric of Salzburg 1622 Closed in 1810, reopened in 1962
Altdorf Imperial city of Nuremberg 1623 closed 1809
Osnabrück Osnabrück Monastery 1629 closed between 1633 and 1974
kassel Hessen-Kassel 4 1633 In 1633 the University of Marburg was temporarily relocated to Kassel and in 1653 back to Marburg, the Kassel University and later the University of Kassel opened in 1970
Bamberg Bamberg Monastery 1648 closed between 1803 and 1972
Kiel Schleswig / Holstein 1652
Duisburg Kurbrandenburg
Duchy of Kleve
1654 closed between 1818 and 1972
innsbruck Tyrol 1669
Hall Kurbrandenburg
Duchy of Magdeburg
1693 since 1817 united with the former University of Wittenberg
Fulda Fulda Monastery 1734 closed 1805
Goettingen Kurhannover 1737
gain Kurbrandenburg
principalities of Bayreuth and Ansbach
Bützow Mecklenburg 5 1760 closed in 1789
Freiberg Electoral Saxony 1765 oldest still existing mining science educational institution in the world
Hanover Roßarzney School (today: University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover ) 1778
Muenster Monastery of Münster 1780 between 1818 and 1902 only academy
Stuttgart Württemberg 1781 the so-called Hohe Karlsschule in Schloss Solitude existed between 1770 and 1794, today's University of Stuttgart has existed since 1967 (between 1876/90 and 1967 Technical University, see University of Stuttgart #History )
Bonn Kurköln 1784 closed between 1798 and 1818
1After losing the State University of Leipzig to the Albertiner .
2After losing his electoral title and the State University of Wittenberg to the Albertines.
3Protestant foundation after the division of Hesse into Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt , after the State University of Marburg had become Calvinist
4thAfter the loss of the State University of Marburg from Hessen-Kassel to Hessen-Darmstadt (closed again a little later after Marburg was regained)
5 After differences between the Duke of Mecklenburg and the theological faculty of the University of Rostock, as a counter-foundation to that.

Student density

Similar to job density , the term student density is also often used. It indicates the proportion of students in the population (students per 1,000 inhabitants). In Germany, the city of Mittweida has the highest student density with 7,050 students and approx. 14,900 inhabitants (corresponds to approx. 48%). Other cities with very high student densities are Giessen , Furtwangen , Wildau , Marburg , Birkenfeld (Nahe) , Tübingen , Eichstätt , Clausthal-Zellerfeld and Göttingen .

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: University city  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence