Many German cities have the term University City in addition to their city name. In many large cities, the name has a lesser meaning, even if other and more meaningful names are available. For example, Berlin is primarily the federal capital , Munich is the state capital and Bremen is the Hanseatic city . Nonetheless, there are also some major cities that refer to their status as university towns for reasons of tradition, such as Würzburg , Göttingen , Heidelberg , Freiburg im Breisgau and Rostock . However , this term is mostly important for medium-sized cities , for example for Tübingen , Marburg , Passau or Greifswald . There, the term university town is often used on the town sign and letterheads.
In Austria, a university town cannot be found on place-name signs; however, the term is occasionally used when a text should refer to the status of a city as a university location.
In addition to the major cities of Zurich , Geneva , Basel , Bern and Lausanne , the smaller cities of Friborg , Lugano , Mendrisio , Lucerne , Neuchâtel and St. Gallen also have a university in Switzerland and are recognized by the resulting high proportion of students (for example, the university Freiburg around 10,000 students with around 33,000 inhabitants) is sometimes particularly strongly associated with this.
In Switzerland, a university town cannot be found on place-name signs; however, the term is occasionally used when a text should refer to the status of a city as a university location.
In addition to Paris , Aix / Marseille , Angers , Bordeaux , Caen , Clermont-Ferrand , Grenoble , La Rochelle , Lille , Lyon , Toulouse , Nancy , Nantes , Montpellier , Poitiers , Rennes and Strasbourg are important university cities.
The city of Groningen with 203,675 inhabitants and 55,000 students has a student share of 24.37%. Other important university locations are Amsterdam , Leiden , Utrecht , Rotterdam , Delft , Nijmegen and Maastricht .
The term university town is often to be understood in a historical context, for example to refer to the particularly long tradition as a university location. Examples include the university in Prague founded by Emperor Charles IV in 1348 , the English universities in Oxford and Cambridge , Bologna in Italy , and the German university cities of Heidelberg , Tübingen , Würzburg , Marburg and Wittenberg .
|Cologne||Kurköln||1388||closed between 1794 and 1919|
|Erfurt||Kurmainz||1392||closed between 1816 and 1994|
|Wurzburg||Würzburg Monastery||1402||closed between 1413 and 1582|
|Freiburg in Breisgau||Front Austria||1457|
|Basel||Imperial City of Basel||1459|
|Ingolstadt||Bavaria||1472||1800 to Landshut and from there to Munich in 1826, today LMU Munich|
|trier||Kurtrier||1473||closed between 1798 and 1970|
|Mainz||Kurmainz||1476||closed between 1798 and 1946|
|Wittenberg||Course Saxony 1||1502||closed in 1813|
|Frankfurt Oder||Kurbrandenburg||1506||closed between 1811 and 1992|
|Marburg||Hesse||1527||closed between 1649 and 1653|
|Dillingen on the Danube||Hochstift Augsburg||1553||closed 1803|
|Jena||Thuringian States 2||1558|
|Helmstedt||Braunschweig||1576||closed in 1810|
|Graz||Duchy of Styria||1585|
|to water||Hessen-Darmstadt 3||1607|
|Paderborn||Paderborn Monastery||1614||today Paderborn Faculty of Theology|
|Rinteln||Schaumburg / Lippe||1619||closed 1809|
|Salzburg||Prince Archbishopric of Salzburg||1622||Closed in 1810, reopened in 1962|
|Altdorf||Imperial city of Nuremberg||1623||closed 1809|
|Osnabrück||Osnabrück Monastery||1629||closed between 1633 and 1974|
|kassel||Hessen-Kassel 4||1633||In 1633 the University of Marburg was temporarily relocated to Kassel and in 1653 back to Marburg, the Kassel University and later the University of Kassel opened in 1970|
|Bamberg||Bamberg Monastery||1648||closed between 1803 and 1972|
|Kiel||Schleswig / Holstein||1652|
Duchy of Kleve
|1654||closed between 1818 and 1972|
Duchy of Magdeburg
|1693||since 1817 united with the former University of Wittenberg|
|Fulda||Fulda Monastery||1734||closed 1805|
principalities of Bayreuth and Ansbach
|Bützow||Mecklenburg 5||1760||closed in 1789|
|Freiberg||Electoral Saxony||1765||oldest still existing mining science educational institution in the world|
|Hanover||Roßarzney School (today: University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover )||1778|
|Muenster||Monastery of Münster||1780||between 1818 and 1902 only academy|
|Stuttgart||Württemberg||1781||the so-called Hohe Karlsschule in Schloss Solitude existed between 1770 and 1794, today's University of Stuttgart has existed since 1967 (between 1876/90 and 1967 Technical University, see University of Stuttgart #History )|
|Bonn||Kurköln||1784||closed between 1798 and 1818|
Similar to job density , the term student density is also often used. It indicates the proportion of students in the population (students per 1,000 inhabitants). In Germany, the city of Mittweida has the highest student density with 7,050 students and approx. 14,900 inhabitants (corresponds to approx. 48%). Other cities with very high student densities are Giessen , Furtwangen , Wildau , Marburg , Birkenfeld (Nahe) , Tübingen , Eichstätt , Clausthal-Zellerfeld and Göttingen .
- List of universities in Belgium
- List of universities in Germany
- Universities in the Principality of Liechtenstein
- List of universities in Luxembourg
- List of universities in Austria
- Swiss universities and technical colleges
- Town and gown