|Area (place) :||79 km²|
|Inhabitants (place) :||17,574 (2009)|
|Population density :||222 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||EET (UTC + 2)|
|Telephone code :||(+370) 460|
|Postal code :||00136|
|License plate :||L.|
|Status:||City in the municipality of Palanga|
|Mayor :||Šarūnas Vaitkus
( Tėvynės sąjunga - Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai )
|Postal address :||Vytauto g. 73, LT-00134
altkurisch pa-langa: the sump hole; German Palanga , Polish Połąga ) is a seaside resort in the südkurischen landscape Megowe in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea about 20 km north of the district capital of Klaipėda (dt. Memel and about 300 km northwest of the Lithuanian capital) Vilnius . In a northerly direction it is less than 20 km to the Latvian border. Along with the Curonian Spit, Palanga is one of the centers of Lithuanian tourism - with hotels , campsites and a long beach promenade with a pier.Palanga (
The place came to the Teutonic Order in 1253 . In the Peace of Brest in 1435 the area fell to Lithuania and Palanga became the center of a Starostei . For centuries, Palanga was the only Lithuanian access to the Baltic Sea. The port was built in today's part of the municipality of Šventoji . The Swedes won the Great Northern War in 1705 in a battle near Palanga over the Russians and took the city. As a result of the 3rd partition of Poland in 1795 Palanga came to Russia and in 1819 within the Russian Empire to the Courland Governorate . During the Polish November uprising in 1831, the place was partially burned down. After the formation of the Baltic States in 1918, Palanga first belonged to Latvia and fell to Lithuania on March 30, 1921 as part of a border adjustment to give it access to the Baltic Sea. The district of Nemirseta (German: Nimmersatt), located in the southern part of the city, belonged to the Prussian province of East Prussia until 1919 and was, as an independent municipality, the northernmost town of the German Empire .
In 2013, Palanga was the cultural capital of Lithuania .
Administrative division and judiciary
The administrative structure of the municipality is asymmetric: managed While the city Palanga directly from the community, subject to the touristy Šventoji and the place Būtingė the seniūnija , District Šventoji . The place of Šventoji has a long history, as evidenced by ancient finds.
Culture and sights
- In the former Palais of Count Feliks Tyszkiewicz , built in the neoclassical style in 1897 according to a design by the Berlin architect Franz Schwechten , the Amber Museum has been housed since 1963, which is housed in a park designed from 1897 by the French gardener Édouard François André and his son, the today's Botanical Garden .
- The Catholic Sankt-Marien-Kirche was built from 1897 to 1906 as a neo-Gothic brick building with a 76 meter high tower based on a design by the Swedish architect Karl Eduard Strandmann (1867–1946) .
- The Palanga Kurhaus, built in 1877 and expanded in 1905 and 1909 to 1914, was restored in 2013 after a fire in 2012.
- The Palanga pier , which was built in 1997 and is 470 meters long, enables the city to be connected to shipping.
- Concerts and other cultural events take place in the Palanga concert hall, which was newly built from 2013 to 2015 .
- Palanga observatory
- The 1000 km race of Palanga , a motorsport event, has been held in front of the city at the intersection of the A13 and A11 highways since 2000 .
Transport and economy
- Palanga is located on the European route 272 , which leads from neighboring Klaipėda to Vilnius .
- From the airport there are connections to Dortmund , Copenhagen , Stockholm , Oslo , Malmö etc.
- There is a ferry line to Kiel (DFDS) from the nearby city of Klaipėda , formerly Memel .
- Otherwise, Palanga can be reached by bus.
- An oil loading terminal is operated in Būtingė .
- Jonas Žemaitis-Vytautas (1909–1954), Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the Armed Forces of the Lithuanian Resistance
- Jonas Laimonas Tapinas (* 1944), author, historian and journalist
- Arūnas Bėkšta (* 1955), restorer and politician
- Raimundas Palaitis (* 1957), politician
- (166229) Palanga, asteroid of the main inner belt
- Algimantas Semaška, Darius Alekna, Ingrida Andreikevičienė: Coast of Lithuania. Klaipėda County Tourist Guide: Klaipėda, Neringa, Palanga . Algimantas, Vilnius 1997, ISBN 9986-509-35-1 .
- Hans Feldmann, Heinz von zur Mühlen (Hrsg.): Baltic historical local dictionary, part 2: Latvia (southern Livland and Courland). Böhlau, Cologne 1990, ISBN 3-412-06889-6 , p. 478.
- Hans Feldmann, Heinz von zur Mühlen (ed.): Baltic historical local dictionary, part 2: Latvia (southern Livonia and Courland). Böhlau, Cologne 1990, p. 478.
- Karl Reinhold Kupffer (ed.): Baltic regional studies . Löffler, Riga 1911, Vol. 1, p. 488.