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Jūrmala ( German : Riga Beach)
Jūrmala coat of arms
Jūrmala (Latvia)
Red pog.svg
Basic data
State : LatviaLatvia Latvia
Landscape: Livonia ( Latvian : Vidzeme )
Administrative district : Republic city of Jūrmala
Coordinates : 56 ° 58 '  N , 23 ° 46'  E Coordinates: 56 ° 58 '5 "  N , 23 ° 46' 13"  E
Residents : 57,653 (Jul 1, 2018)
Area : 100 km²
Population density : 577 inhabitants per km²
Height : m
City law: since 1959
Website: www.jurmala.lv
Post Code: 2008-2017
ISO code:

Jurmala ( German  Riga beach ) is a Latvian Baltic Sea - resort on the Gulf of Riga with 57,653 inhabitants (as of 1 July 2018).


Jūrmala beach in winter
View of the coast

The Lielupe flows into the sea in Jūrmala, and the Latvian capital Riga is 10 km southeast .

A walk through Majori (2010)

Jūrmala stretches about 40 km northwest of Riga along the coastline and is made up of 15 suburbs from west to east:

Ķemeri, Jaunķemeri, Sloka, Kauguri, Vaivari, Asari, Melluži, Pumpuri, Jaundubulti, Dubulti, Majori ( Majorenhof ), Dzintari, Bulduri, Lielupe and Priedaine

The district of Bulduri was previously called the Bilderlingshof and before 1914 was the preferred seat of the German-Baltic intelligentsia, the money and blood nobility. A part between Dzintari and Bulduri was called Edinburgh for a while, in honor of the marriage between Maria Alexandrovna Romanova and the British Prince Alfred in 1874.

Jūrmala has recreational facilities, a promenade and restaurants . The place has a long white beach that stretches 10 km to the east towards Riga, while to the west, uninterrupted by anything, you can find more than 20 km in one piece.

Jūrmala is a health resort that can only be entered by guests from April 1st to September 30th after paying a road toll , a kind of tourist tax ; it is considered a preferred residential area. Worth seeing are villas in timber construction from the time of the turn of the century to the 20th century, in the Art Nouveau style were built. There are sulphurous medicinal springs in the schweemeri district .


In 1783 the area around Sloka (Schlock) was separated from the Duchy of Courland and taken over by the Russian Empire. Sloka received city rights in 1878. A paper mill was established in 1896. After the construction of the Torņakalns – Tukums railway line , the beach became a popular recreational area due to its proximity to Riga. Various beach resorts were combined in 1920 to form the city of "Rīgas Jūrmalas" (Riga Beach). In 1959 the independent city of Jūrmala was created by incorporating Sloka and Ķemeri.

The music competition "Jaunais vilnis" ( New Wave , Russian: Новая волна Nowaja Wolna ) took place in Jūrmala until 2014 . Musicians from the successor states of the Soviet Union take part in this competition . After three Russian artists who had supported the Russian annexation of Crimea were banned from entering the country , the Russian organizers canceled the long-running music competition and other festivals in Jūrmala and moved it to Sochi and Svetlogorsk .

In 2017/2018 the controversial new building of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Kazan Mother of God was built .


Jūrmala is home to the famous Dzintaru koncertzāle concert hall and the Rainis and Aspazija Summer House literary museum .

Town twinning

Jūrmala names the following cities as twin cities:

sons and daughters of the town

(in the order of the year of birth)


Web links

Commons : Jūrmala  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Guide through Latvia , W. F. Häcker printing press, Riga 1929, p. 49 ff.
  2. Latvijas iedzīvotāju skaits pašvaldībās (Latvian; German population of the self-governing districts of Latvia ), as of July 1, 2018, p. 1, accessed on January 5, 2019.
  3. Riga newspaper on Sunday No. 153 of July 20, 1930; Retrieved on July 16, 2019 at periodika.lv .
  4. Krutoy also confirms that the "New Wave" will take place in Sochi. (Latvian), delfi.lv on February 26, 2015, accessed on July 16, 2019.
  5. Sadraudzības pilsētas (Latvian) on jurmala.lv, accessed on July 16, 2019