Conference on Disarmament UN Conference on Disarmament
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Michael Møller as Director General of UNOG Denmark
The abbreviation UNCD stands for UN Conference on Disarmament ( German UN Conference for Disarmament ), but often referred to as Conference on Disarmament ( CD ) or in German-speaking countries as the “ Geneva Disarmament Conference ”. This conference should not be confused with the Geneva Disarmament Conference of the League of Nations 1932–1934 and the bilateral Geneva arms control negotiations between the Soviet Union and the USA from 1985 onwards.
The Geneva Disarmament Conference is the only multilateral forum for negotiations on arms control and disarmament in a global context. Although it is closely related to the United Nations in terms of organization and subject matter, the Disarmament Conference is formally independent. The Director General of the UN Office in Geneva (UNOG) is also Secretary General of the Disarmament Conference as the representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations.
The conference arose from an agreement between the USA and the Soviet Union in 1962, which initially provided for 18 members and was known as the Eighteen Nation Disarmament Committee ( ENDC ; German 18-Nations Committee for Disarmament ). This committee was active until 1968. This was followed by the renaming in Conference of the Committee on Disarmament ( CCD ; German Conference of the Committee for Disarmament ), which existed until 1978. Most of the global arms control and disarmament agreements reached in the 1960s and 1970s were negotiated at the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD) . From 1975 the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic also became members of the Disarmament Conference. After the conclusion of the Environmental War Convention / ENMOD Convention of May 18, 1977, the conference could no longer achieve any concrete negotiation result. The conference was therefore restructured in 1979 and expanded to 40 members and renamed the Conference on Disarmament ( CD ).
The Conference on Disarmament included the following members of the:
- Eastern group: (8)
- Western group: (10)
- N + N group (22 neutrals and unbound)
The subjects of negotiation at the time of the Cold War were the prevention of nuclear war, the worldwide ban on chemical weapons, the ban on atomic bomb tests (nuclear explosions), the ban on radiological weapons, armament in space and extensive disarmament programs. Since 2003, 65 countries have participated in the annual meetings.
Since the ban on chemical weapons , started in 1992 by the UNCD and successfully completed in 1997, there have been no major successes. According to human rights organizations, key member states should boycott meetings in 2018 when Syria, of all places, was held responsible for war crimes for four weeks.
Member states 2019
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- Republic of South Africa
- United States of America
- North Korea
- Sri Lanka
- South Korea
- People's Republic of China
- Australia and Oceania
- New Zealand
- Great Britain
- Syria takes over the presidency of the disarmament conference , Tagesspiegel, May 28, 2018
- Syria, of places, is now chairing the disarmament conference , NZZ, May 28, 2018
- https://www.unog.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/6286395D9F8DABA380256EF70073A846?OpenDocument accessed on May 5, 2019