Frederic IX.

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Frederic IX. as crown prince
Crown Prince Frederik and Ingrid newly engaged in 1935

Frederic IX. (full baptismal name Christian Frederik Franz Michael Carl Valdemar Georg , in German Frederick IX., born March 11, 1899 at Castle Sorgenfri ; † January 14, 1972 in Copenhagen ) was King of Denmark from 1947 to 1972.


Frederic IX. was the eldest son of Christian X of Denmark and Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin . In 1921 Frederik became engaged to the Greek Princess Olga , daughter of Prince Nikolas and Princess Helena of Greece. The engagement was broken off without further explanation, and Olga married the Yugoslav Prince Paul .

On March 15, 1935, he became engaged to Ingrid of Sweden , daughter of the later Swedish King Gustav VI. Adolf and the British Princess Margaret of Connaught. The couple married on May 24 of the same year at Sankt Nikolai kyrka in Stockholm. The wedding was one of the biggest media events of the year. Among the wedding guests were the groom's parents, King Christian X and Queen Alexandrine, King Leopold III. of Belgium and his wife Queen Astrid and the Crown Prince and Princess Olav and Martha of Norway. The newlyweds moved into the Brockdorff Palace, which is part of the Amalienborg Palace ensemble of buildings .

Frederik ascended the Danish throne after the death of his father in 1947. Since the law of succession at the time only provided for male heirs and Frederik was the father of three daughters, his brother Knut became Danish crown prince first . An amendment to the Act of Succession in 1953 allowed Frederik's daughter Margrethe to succeed him on the throne in 1972.

The king had a great love for music. He was a talented pianist and conductor. Several recordings of orchestral music conducted by Frederiks IX. on Danish Radio have been preserved and published on CD.

He was buried outside Roskilde Cathedral in a newly built burial place.

Marriage and Offspring

In 1935 Crown Prince Frederik married his third cousin Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000). They had three daughters:


Genealogy of Frederick IX, King of Denmark (1947 to 1972)

Duke Friedrich Wilhelm (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg)
⚭ 1810
Princess Luise Karoline of Hesse-Kassel

Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse -Kassel-Rumpenheim
⚭ 1810
Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark

Oscar I (Sweden)
⚭ 1823
Princess Josephine Beauharnais of Leuchtenberg

Prince Frederick of Orange-Nassau
⚭ 1825
Princess Luise of Prussia

Grand Duke Paul Friedrich (Mecklenburg)
⚭ 1822
Princess Alexandrine of Prussia

Prince Henry LXIII. Reuss zu Köstritz
⚭ 1819
Countess Eleonore zu Stolberg-Wernigerode

Nicholas I (Russia)
⚭ 1817
Princess Charlotte of Prussia

Grand Duke Leopold (Baden)
⚭ 1819
Princess Sophie Wilhelmine of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf

great grandparents

Danish crown
King Christian IX (1818–1906)
⚭ 1842
Princess Luise of Hesse (1817–1898)

Charles XV (Sweden)
⚭ 1850
Princess Louise of Orange-Nassau (1828–1871)

Grand Duke
Friedrich Franz II (Mecklenburg) (1823–1883)
⚭ 1849
Princess Auguste Reuss zu Schleiz-Köstritz (1822–1862)

Grand Duke
Michael Nikolayevich Romanov
⚭ 1875
Princess Cecilia of Baden (1839–1891)


Danish crown
King Frederick VIII (1843–1912)
⚭ 1869
Princess Luise of Sweden (1851–1926)

Grand Duke
Friedrich Franz III. (Mecklenburg) (1851–1897)
⚭ 1879
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna Romanova (1860–1922)


Danish crown
King Christian X (1870–1947)
⚭ 1898
Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1879–1952)

Danish crown
King Frederick IX. (1899-1972)


Frederic IX. was tattooed by George Burchett several times.

On the occasion of the silver wedding of the royal couple Frederik IX. and Ingrid a commemorative coin worth 5 crowns was minted in 1960.

See also

web links

Commons : Frederik IX of Denmark  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. Janey Levy: Tattoos in Modern Society. The Rosen Publishing Group Inc 2008, ISBN 1-435-8487-72 , p. 52.
  2. ↑ Commemorative coin for the silver wedding anniversary of the royal couple. Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna, retrieved March 19, 2021 .
predecessor government office successor
Christian X King of Denmark
Margaret II