Louise of Hesse (1817–1898)

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Louise of Hesse as Queen of Denmark
Signature of Louise von Hessen

Louise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie von Hessen VA (born September 7, 1817 in Kassel ; †  September 29, 1898 at Bernstorff Castle in Denmark ) was Queen of Denmark from 1863 until her death .


Louise was the daughter of the titular Landgrave Wilhelm von Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim (1787–1867) and his wife, Louise Charlotte of Denmark (1789–1864), daughter of the Danish Hereditary Prince Friedrich (1753–1805) and his wife Princess Sophie Friederike von Mecklenburg (1758–1794), born. She was a niece of the Danish King Christian VIII (1786-1848) and a cousin of King Frederick VII (1808-1863). In addition, she was a great-granddaughter of the Danish and Norwegian King Frederick V. Her descent from the old Danish royal family also derives her claim to the Danish succession.

Louise married her cousin (2nd degree) Prince Christian from the house of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1818–1906), fourth son of Duke Friedrich Wilhelm and Princess Luise Karoline of Hesse-Kassel , on May 26, 1842 at Amalienborg Palace . Six children emerged from the connection:

⚭ 1869 Princess Louise of Sweden-Norway (1851–1926)
  • Alexandra (1844–1925, from 1901 Queen of Great Britain, from 1910 title Queen Mother )
⚭ 1863 King Edward VII of Great Britain and Ireland (1841–1910)
  • Wilhelm (1845–1913, from 1863 King George I of Greece)
⚭ 1867 Grand Duchess Olga of Russia (1851–1926)
  • Dagmar (Maria Feodorovna) (1847–1928)
⚭ 1866 Tsar Alexander III. (1845-1894)
⚭ 1878 Prince Ernst August (II.) Of Hanover (1845–1923)
⚭ 1885 Princess Marie d'Orléans (1865–1909)

Queen Louise and her husband became the first parents of the current Glücksburg line on the Danish throne. They were also known as “Europe's father and mother-in-law” . The marriage of her eldest daughter Alexandra in 1863 marked the beginning of an era during which the Danish court developed into a focal point in what was then a manorial Europe.

As early as 1853, Prince Christian, who descended in a direct line from the Oldenburg royal family, was determined to succeed the childless King Friedrich VII . His claims to the Danish crown were combined with those of his wife. After the death of Frederick on November 15, 1863 at Schloss Glücksburg, Christian ascended as King Christian IX. the Danish throne.

Worth mentioning

Queen Louise of Denmark, 1893
  • Her youngest daughter, Princess Thyra , fell in love with a middle-class cavalry lieutenant, Wilhelm Friedemann Marcher (1841–1872). When she became pregnant shortly afterwards, she traveled to her brother in Athens to avoid a scandal. The Danish press was told that the princess had jaundice . Thyra gave birth to a girl in Athens on November 8, 1871. The child was adopted by the Rasmus and Anne Marie Jørgensen family and was given the name Maria Katharina (Kate) (1871–1964). The child's father, Wilhelm Friedemann Marcher, committed suicide on January 4, 1872 after a confrontation with King Christian IX.
  • Their descendants can be found in the princely families of the following countries: Belgium , France , Greece , Great Britain , Yugoslavia , Luxembourg , Monaco , Norway , Romania , Russia , Sweden , Spain , Germany and Austria .
  • Three of her great-great-grandchildren sit on the throne: Elizabeth II , Harald V and Margrethe II.
  • In a documentary series about King Christian IX produced by Danish television in 2002/2003 . and his European descendants , the Glücksburg castle was the starting point for the shooting. The multi-part series was a great success in Denmark and has now been broadcast in over 100 countries. An illustrated book was published to accompany the series, which has since seen several editions.


Friedrich II. Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1720–1785)
Friedrich of Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim (1747–1837)
Mary of Great Britain (1723–1772)
Wilhelm von Hessen titular Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel-Rumpenheim (1787–1867)
Karl Wilhelm von Nassau-Usingen (1735–1803)
Karoline Polyxene of Nassau-Usingen (1762–1823)
Karoline Felicitas of Leiningen-Langsberg-Heidesheim (1734–1810)
Louise of Hessen-Kassel
Frederick V King of Denmark , (1723–1766)
Frederick of Denmark (1753–1805)
Juliane von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1729–1796)
Louise Charlotte of Denmark (1789–1864)
Ludwig of Mecklenburg (1725–1778)
Sophie Friederike von Mecklenburg (1758–1794)
Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1731–1810)

See also


Web links

Commons : Louise von Hessen-Kassel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. etoile.co.uk ( Memento of the original from June 17, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.etoile.co.uk
predecessor Office Successor
Caroline Amalie from Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg Queen of Denmark
Louise of Sweden