2nd millennium BC Chr.
The 2nd millennium BC Chr. Describes the period from 2000 BC. Until 1000 BC Chr.
- Early 2nd millennium BC Chr .: Hittite principalities in Central Anatolia.
- 18th century BC Chr . : Babylon becomes a regional power center.
- Middle Kingdom (2052–1570 BC) and New Kingdom (1550 BC to 1070 BC) in Egypt .
- According to the Bible imprisonment of the Jews in Egypt (historicity disputed).
- Egyptian rule over Palestine and Syria (1600-1360 BC)
- 17th century BC BC : Extinction of the world's last mammoths on Wrangel Island in East Siberia .
- 16th century BC BC : Beginning of the Mycenaean culture .
- 15th century BC BC : Fall of the Minoan culture.
- 14th century BC BC : The Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten raised Aton to be the only god and thus laid the foundation for today's monotheism .
- 13th century BC BC : The Indus culture arrives in the period from 1900 BC. BC to 1300 BC In the late phase of the Harappan culture (Late Bronze Age)
- 12th century BC BC : according to the Bible, Canaan was conquered by the Jews (historicity disputed).
- 18th century BC BC : Hammurapi , king of Babylon.
- 18th century BC BC : Samši-Adad I , King of the Old Assyrian Empire , conqueror and founder of an empire.
- 15th century BC BC : Hatshepsut , Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty .
- 14th century BC BC : Akhenaten , Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.
- 14th century BC BC: Tutankhamun , Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.
- 14th century BC Chr .: Eriba-Adad I , king of the Central Assyrian Empire , frees the empire from its dependence on Mittani .
- 13th century BC BC : Ramses II , Egyptian pharaoh of the 19th dynasty .
- 13th century BC BC: Shalmaneser I , king of the Central Assyrian Empire .
- Saul , King of the Jews
- Moses , Tanach (historicity disputed)
Inventions and discoveries
- India is developing the caste system .
- The Chinese have a comet .
- Domestication of the camel , followed by the start of the caravan trade .
- 17th century BC Chr .: First syllabary writings ( 1630 BC )
- 14th century BC BC : First written documents in Greek .