District Court of Charlottenburg
The Charlottenburg District Court is that the Berlin district of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in civil matters and consumer insolvencies competent district court . In addition, the court is the central register court for the State of Berlin, in which the trade , partnership , association and cooperative registers for Berlin are kept. It is also responsible for carrying out insolvency proceedings in Berlin, in particular for corporate and regular bankruptcies for natural persons , i.e. former self-employed .
The district court was established in 1877 with the coming into force of the Judicature Act . It was subordinate to the Regional Court Berlin II and this to the Berlin Chamber Court . With five judicial posts (as of 1880) it was the second largest district court in the district court.
After the Second World War , the judicial organization was reorganized at short notice. The Soviet occupying power set up a district court in every district of Berlin. Accordingly, on June 1, 1945, the District Court of Charlottenburg was established. The court district also became smaller, as a district court in Wilmersdorf was also formed. The district courts were later named district court. At its 12th meeting on September 27, 1945 , the Allied Command decided on the judicial structure of the occupied city. One returned to the traditional division with three instances . Twelve district courts were formed again. The Wilmersdorf district court was dissolved and incorporated into the Charlottenburg district court.
In 2003 there were around 450 employees in the district court, 55 of whom were judges.
The listed courthouse takes up the entire block between the district court , Holtzendorffstrasse , Witzlebenstrasse and Suarezstrasse . Its oldest part was built by Poetsch & Clasen in the years 1895 to 1897 in the Brandenburg Baroque style for the "civil departments" at the time on the district court near Kantstrasse . In the years 1915–1921 it was expanded by the architect Schulz. The plastered building with a base made of Silesian granite and a main portal with a three-axis central projection surrounds a spacious inner courtyard.
For the criminal departments of the court at that time, an outbuilding in neo-Renaissance style with an attached prison wing was built in 1896/1897 according to a design by Adolf Bürckner and Eduard Fürstenau at Kantstrasse 79 , which was used alternately until 2010 (including land registry, most recently estate departments) and then for the purpose of selling the property for judicial use has been abandoned.
In the courtyard, a prison wing with red facings and rich architectural decorations was set up as a penal institution for young women and a criminal department of the district court. The prison was occupied by opponents of the regime between 1933 and 1945, and from 1939 exclusively by women. From 1942–1945, the prison was run by the welfare worker Änna Wieder, who was known for treating women humanely and granting perks.
- Ute Nitsch: Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf from A to Z -… a lexicon. Textpunkt Verlag, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-936411-80-8 .
- Karl Ernst Rimbach: 250 years of Charlottenburg. Festschrift on the occasion of the city anniversary. District Office Charlottenburg Berlin (ed.), Rimbach & Poser Working Group, Berlin-Charlottenburg 1955.
- Websites of the Charlottenburg District Court on the Berlin.de website.
- Overview of the jurisdiction of the Charlottenburg District Court
- Charlottenburg District Court: Responsibilities of the Charlottenburg District Court. Extended jurisdiction. In: online. 2020, accessed February 4, 2020 .
- in the function of a court
- RGBl. P. 41.
- Carl Pfaffenroth: Yearbook of the German court system. 1880, p. 395 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
- Friedrich Scholz: Berlin and his justice: the history of the chamber court district 1945 to 1980. 1982, ISBN 978-3-11-008679-9 , p. 9 ff. ( Books.google.se ).
- Hainer Weißpflug: Charlottenburg District Court . In: Hans-Jürgen Mende , Kurt Wernicke (Hrsg.): Berliner Bezirkslexikon, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf . Luisenstadt educational association . Haude and Spener / Edition Luisenstadt, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-7759-0479-4 ( luise-berlin.de - as of October 7, 2009).
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
- Charlottenburg District Court . In: berlin.de . 19th October 2014.
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
- Jail for sale. In: Berliner Zeitung , May 26, 2010.
- Former criminal court in Charlottenburg. In: berlin.de. October 5, 2009, accessed January 8, 2018 .