Chairman or chairwoman (deprecated for chairwoman: Obmännin , gender-neutral plural form: Coordinators Obperson ) is both another term for Chairman, President or leader of a faction , section as well as the name of an appointed two parties referee .
In companies, the manager is the shop steward for the workforce . Various chairman functions are often assigned in schools. For example, the traffic manager or the library manager are responsible for their teaching areas and are the contact persons for colleagues on this topic, as well as external representatives in this regard.
In parts of Bavaria and Austria (including South Tyrol ) the term is used synonymously with the board of an association (e.g. chairman of a music band). In structured organizations there is often a district chairman , provincial chairman and federal chairman .
In the Austrian parties ÖVP and FPÖ , the respective party leaders are called district party chairman , regional party chairman and federal party chairman , in the specific context also written without "-partei-". In the National Council (not in the Federal Council) and in the Landtag , the club chairmen are the chairmen of the parliamentary clubs and are the equivalent of the group chairmen in the Federal Council as well as in the German and Swiss parliaments. Coordinators are also MPs that everyone in the committees, the main contact group in Parliament represent.
The German Bundestag has numerous committees . Each parliamentary group represented in the Bundestag sends several members to each of them. These groups of representatives each have a chairman. In addition to the chairmen, the chairpersons play a key role in the committees: they vote on the agendas; They also act as an arbitration body if conflicts arise during negotiations. For the parliamentary group leadership, the chairmen are the main contact persons for work in the committees. In this way, the chairmen also have a decisive influence on the course of their group.
The word is derived from the Middle High German term obeman with the meaning "referee" (or literally: Obermann), from Middle High German ob (e) and man .
The early modern "Obermen" were entrusted with additional supervisory and management functions. Sometimes stalled political processes move forward again when the chairmen of the various parliamentary groups sit down in a committee and jointly look for ways out.
The term probably originally comes from the southern German language area. Compare with the place names Rothenburg ob der Tauber or the names of the Swiss cantons Obwalden and Nidwalden , where whether occurs in the meaning “above, above”. Obwalden was officially called Unterwalden ob dem Wald until 2007 , and Nidwalden was officially called Unterwalden nid dem Wald until 2010 . In Austria, the previous name for Upper Austria was Austria ob der Enns , whereas Lower Austria was originally just Austria , later Austria under the Enns and sometimes Austria down the Enns .
- Shop steward (union)
- Revolutionary chairmen
- Club chairman (parliamentary group leader in Austria)
- Officers in fencing