|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||kassel|
|Height :||296 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||124.87 km 2|
|Residents:||17,689 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||142 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||35066|
|Primaries :||06451, 06455 , 02984|
|License plate :||KB, FKB, WA|
|Community key :||06 6 35 011|
|LOCODE :||DE FKG|
|City structure:||12 districts|
City administration address :
35066 Frankenberg (Eder)
|Mayor :||Rüdiger Hess (independent)|
|Location of the city of Frankenberg (Eder) in the Waldeck-Frankenberg district|
The mountain at a ford over the Eder north of the castle forest had long been a fortified place, especially under the Franks it played a role in the Saxon Wars . Today's town of Frankenberg was built in 1233/1234 by Landgrave Konrad von Thuringia , the governor of the Ludowingian Landgraves of Thuringia in their Hessian areas, in order to have a counterweight to the Electoral Mainz Battenberg on the Upper Eder . Due to its location at the intersection of two trade routes, it quickly gained economic importance.
In a fire on May 9th, 1476, which is considered a turning point in the city's history and which the Frankenberg chronicler Wigand Gerstenberg created a detailed description of, the city was almost completely destroyed and then rebuilt in the 16th century. Today's inner city consists of the renovated old town and the also renovated new town with numerous half-timbered houses .
Frankenberg lies between the Burgwald in the south and the Breiten Struth in the northwest at the confluence of the cold water in the Nemphe and the Nemphe in the Eder , into which the Nuhne also flows north of the city near Schreufa . The closest regional center is the university town of Marburg .
In addition to the core city, Frankenberg consists of twelve districts:
- Dörnholzhausen , 70 inhabitants
- Friedrichshausen , 363 inhabitants
- Geismar , 942 inhabitants
- Haubern , 543 inhabitants
- Hommershausen , 155 inhabitants
- Rengershausen , 394 inhabitants
- Rodenbach , 177 inhabitants
- Röddenau , 1701 inhabitants
- Schreufa , 1170 inhabitants
- Viermünden , 779 inhabitants
- Wangershausen , 192 inhabitants
- Willersdorf , 600 inhabitants
Population figures as of 2016
Frankenberg borders in the north on the town of Lichtenfels and the municipality Vöhl , in the east on the town Frankenau , in the southeast on the municipality Haina , in the south on the municipality Burgwald , in the west on the municipalities Allendorf and Bromskirchen (all in the district of Waldeck-Frankenberg) and in the northwest to the city of Hallenberg in the North Rhine-Westphalian Hochsauerlandkreis .
The area around the city is geologically characterized by the Frankenberger Bay , which lies west of the Hessian Depression . It is built on the one hand from rocks from the Paleozoic (especially Permian ) and from those from the Mesozoic on the other . One encounters Zechstein , slate and sandstone .
In Frankenberg you can see the warm temperate climate of the middle latitudes of Europe typical of Hessen . The wind mainly blows from the west and brings humid air masses from the Atlantic all year round. Due to the location in the rain shadow east of the Rothaargebirge , the rainfall is low. The oceanic influence ensures relatively mild winters and not too hot summers.
From early history to the present
At the foot of the mountain on which the town of Frankenberg was built, two old military and trade routes crossed . From the area of the lower Main , the Weinstrasse came from the Burgwald , crossed the Eder via a ford and continued over the heights to the left of the river to Westphalia . From the west, the Siegener Straße came over the Lahn-Eder watershed and, bypassing the mountain to the north, continued into the Lower Hesse region. Even if the events of prehistoric times are in the dark, one can assume that the dominant mountain on the middle Eder always played an important role in developing a position of power in this area. The Roman historian Tacitus reported in the year 15 n. Chr. From the Germanic tribe of the chat which (by Tacitus in the field of Eder "Adrana" called) had their settlement center.
After the Hessian area was included in the Franconian sphere of influence around the year 500, the easily defendable mountain gained greater military importance in the conflict with the Saxons north of the Eder and was fortified by the Franks early on. However, when the incursions of the Saxons increased at the beginning of the 8th century, Karl Martell had even stronger fortifications built and secured by a permanent garrison. During the Saxon Wars (772 to 804), these served as the basis for Franconian counterattacks far into the Sachsenland, with the Weinstrasse gaining new importance as an advance, binding and supply route. After the subjugation and Christianization of the Saxons, the fortress lost its importance.
Foundation of the city
It is no longer possible to determine with certainty whether the mountain was still inhabited. Perhaps there were still camps and trading places for passing travelers and merchants here in the centuries to come. Only in the early 13th century did the "Frankenberg" regain importance. The Thuringian-Hessian landgraves tried to establish a connection between their Lower and Upper Hesse possessions, bypassing the intervening county of Ziegenhain . The Archbishops of Mainz thwarted this intention by expanding their sphere of influence from the west into the Wohratal . The Landgraves of Thuringia then launched a decisive counter-attack. Since the Frankenberg had already passed to them in 1122, Konrad von Thuringia , who had administered the Hessian areas of the Landgraviate of Thuringia for his brother Landgrave Heinrich Raspe from 1231 , left in 1233/34 on the Frankenberg, in the middle of the Mainz County of Battenberg , on the border between the judicial districts of Röddenau and Geismar, a castle and a town, disregarding all objections of the neighboring landlords. On the outermost tip of the mountain tongue, which descends steeply on three sides, a castle complex was created that dominated the entire middle Edertal. It was followed by a bailey, which at the same time enclosed the church area. Immediately behind this, the city was built according to detailed plans, as the city map still shows today.
A large market square encompassed the ridge of the mountain and the part sloping to the north; the division of the square, at the western end of which the town hall was built, may have taken place later. This suggests the intention of not only establishing the mountain town as a strong bastion , but also - taking advantage of the most favorable traffic situation - to give it economic weight. The inhabitants of the new city consisted of the inhabitants of the surrounding villages and hamlets , who were either relocated or voluntarily left their old homes. As a result, 16 settlements became desolate in the course of time , most of whose names still live on in field names . Frankenberg was soon surrounded by a mighty wall. Of the 25 towers and gates of the old town, the witch's tower on the east side is still preserved today; however, the five city gates have disappeared.
The new community grew rapidly, supported by a healthy merchant and craftsman class. It was a sign of growing prosperity that as early as 1286, after the ecclesiastical dependency on Geismar had been lifted, at the endeavor of Landgrave Heinrich I , grandson of Saint Elizabeth , construction began on the Church of Our Lady , whose model is the recently completed Elizabeth Church in Marburg was. The Frankenberg merchants cultivated extensive trade relationships, of which the four annual markets in addition to the weekly markets bear testimony. The economic boom also encouraged a rapid cultural upward trend. Frankenberg already had a Latin school in the 13th century, which had its greatest heyday around 1500. Among other things, the great neo-Latin poet Helius Eobanus Hessus emerged from it. The Marienkapelle, a masterpiece by Tyle von Frankenberg , was added to the church, which was completed in 1353, from 1370 to 1380 .
Foundation of the new town
The steady increase in the population made it necessary to enlarge the city, and so the new town was founded in 1335 at the foot of the mountain in the direction of Eder. It was built along Siegener Straße and, although it had its own administration, was judicially and ecclesiastically subordinate to the old town. Nor did it have its own marketplace. It was not until 1556 that it was united with the old town to form a community.
The great fire and its consequences
On May 9, 1476, a fire broke out, which destroyed the entire old town and new town. The Liebfrauenkirche also burned out completely, which led to the loss of the valuable original equipment. Although the citizens immediately started to rebuild, Frankenberg, which at that time was one of the most important Hessian cities, never fully recovered from this fire disaster. In addition, half of the Neustadt burned down again in 1507. The seat of the Office Frankenberg , which had existed since the first half of the 14th century and the municipalities of Frankenberg and Frankenau and the half court Geismar, was mixed into the at the site of the old Wasserburg Wolkersdorf newly built hunting lodge Wolkersdorf laid. This created the Wolkersdorf office, to which the Röddenau lower courts (with the affiliated courts Rengershausen and Bromskirchen) and the Geismar court belonged. It was not until the 16th century that an independent office was created again in Frankenberg, in which, in addition to the city itself, the former St. Georgenberg monastery , the Rodenbach farm and the Wiesenfeld winery were combined and which was combined with the Wolkersdorf office in 1604.
Frankenberg from the 16th to the 18th century
The 16th century was marked by the reconstruction of the city. Only the “stone house” built around 1240 survived the fire, with the exception of the attic. The construction of the magnificent new town hall , which is still the symbol of the town today, began in 1509. After 1526, as in the entire Landgraviate of Hesse, the Reformation was introduced in Frankenberg by the preachers Caspar Tholde and Ludwig Stippius. The reform of the church enforced under Landgrave Moritz in 1606 is responsible for the destruction of the figures of the apostles and saints in the Church of Our Lady and the Marienkapelle. During the plague years between 1529 and 1611, the University of Marburg sought refuge behind the walls of Frankenberg five times. The Thirty Years War (1618 to 1648) left the city with severe wounds. The economically favorable location at the intersection of two military roads was her undoing, as it did in later wars. Troops moving through from both warring sides and a prolonged occupation by imperial troops caused great damage to the city. In 1646, near the city, there was a battle on the Totenhöhe between troops from Hessen-Darmstadt and Hessen-Kassel , which were reinforced by Swedish troops, with the latter winning.
The time up to the First World War
In the French period (1806 to 1813) Frankenberg was the seat of a canton in the Werra Department of the Kingdom of Westphalia . In 1821 Frankenberg became the district town of the newly formed district of Frankenberg , which was formed from the former offices of Frankenberg, Hessenstein , Rosenthal and Haina as well as the Viermünden court. The district council, since 1834 district administrator, had its seat in the monastery of St. Georgenberg. Frankenberg had sunk to an arable town due to the war and occupation damage. As in the Middle Ages, its economic pillars were the drapers and tanners . Towards the end of the 18th century, the wool and cloth makers 'guild had 106 and the tanners' guild 46 members. By the middle of the 19th century the cloth makers' guild rose to 140 members. The red and white tannery also flourished again. In addition to the other guilds, there was also a stocking weaver and glove maker guild. In the second half of the century, however, a noticeable economic decline became noticeable, which was also expressed in a falling population. While the city continued to grow until the middle of the century, the number of citizens fell noticeably by the beginning of the 20th century.
From 1590 to 1818, copper marl was mined and smelted near Frankenberg , which was particularly valued for its high silver content . The silver of the famous and notorious blood dollars or star talers comes from the copper mines near Frankenberg.
Various attempts were made to restart mining operations during the 19th century, but in 1875 it was finally shut down. The witnesses of the earlier mining are still visible today between Frankenberg and Geismar, in the form of heavily overgrown spoil heaps. The place descriptions “Alte Hütte”, “Neue Hütte” and “Zechenhaus” remind of this. It was only when Frankenberg was connected to the railway network that a new, albeit modest, economic upswing began. In 1890 the Marburg-Frankenberg line was opened, which prompted the Thonet brothers from Vienna to set up a chair factory near the train station, based on the abundance of wood in the region. Ten years later, the route was continued via Korbach to Warburg , creating a connection to Westphalia. The line to Bestwig was completed in 1908 and finally that to Bad Berleburg in 1910 . In 1871 the Frankenberg district was surveyed and mapped . The linkage was started in the 1890s and completed in 1904.
The city's water supply was originally provided by public and private wells. After the great fire of 1476, a water art was set up in the "Niedermühle" in 1502 , through which Ederwasser, driven by a mill wheel from the river, was transported to the old town and distributed in Kümpe . In 1899 a public water supply was established. Instead of the Eder water, spring water from the grounds of the Teichmühle was now transported with the water power of the Nemphe and additionally with motor power into an elevated tank on the castle hill and distributed from there to the houses. In 1913 the Gernshausen springs were added, the water of which still flows freely into the lower town today. As early as 1903, a turbine was installed in the "Niedermühle", which was operated by Eder water. With this turbine and a suction gas motor , direct current was generated for the first electric light in Frankenberg. In the course of the general electrification of North Hesse , the power supply with alternating current was ensured in 1921 by overland cables from PREAG .
The economic upswing before the First World War was expressed in the increasing number of inhabitants - in 1908 there were 3314 inhabitants in Frankenberg. Now the city began to cross the border marked by the city wall, which had existed since it was founded. In 1890 the train station and a little later the new post office were built behind the district office. In 1900 the savings bank building in front of the Geismarer Tor was built. The district court followed in 1903 and the teachers' seminar with seminar practice school in 1905 ; Today the Edertalschule grammar school is located in the premises . In the same year the Israelite school was built in front of the Linnertor. In 1913 the city school was built on the Ortenberg. However, the First World War caused economic and cultural stagnation again. As was the case later during the Second World War, apart from a few settlement houses in Ederdorf and some renovations and extensions, there were no significant changes in the city. A city expansion, which had been recommended in an expert opinion on the Gau Frankenberg east of the cemetery in 1914, was also not implemented. Today there is partly a new development area there.
Weimar Republic and World War II
The city recovered only slowly from the consequences of the First World War. Currency devaluation and economic decline led to a new wave of emigration, especially overseas. In 1922 the city received its own grammar school with the establishment of the advanced school (from 1925 "Edertalschule"). The upswing that began after the end of inflation in autumn 1923, which was expressed, among other things, in the settlement of the Stoelcker chair factory, did not last long. The structurally weak and heavily indebted city was hit hard by the global economic crisis . In view of rising unemployment and social hardship, the propaganda of the NSDAP fell on fertile ground here, as almost everywhere in the district, since the late 1920s, which was reflected in the election results. After the National Socialists came to power in January 1933, political and social life in Frankenberg was also brought into line. Streets and squares were renamed ("Adolf-Hitler-Strasse", "Hermann-Göring-Strasse", "Hindenburg-Platz") and the population, especially the youth, was shaped by the National Socialist ideology. The worst hit was the Jewish population, who from 1933 onwards were systematically persecuted, disenfranchised and eventually deported and murdered. Fortunately, most of the Frankenberg Jews were able to leave Germany on time. Those who stayed because they either had no money or no relatives abroad, or trusted that nothing would happen to them, were all taken to concentration camps until 1942. At least eight Jews from Frankenberg and three from today's Röddenau district were victims of persecution. Since 1988 a memorial plaque in the Rathausschirn has been commemorating the Jewish community in Frankenberg and the victims of the Nazi dictatorship. During the Second World War, the city was largely spared direct effects of the war. However, more than 90 people were killed in two air raids on the station in the spring of 1945. In August 1944, a military hospital was moved from Grodno (Belarus) to Frankenberg and housed in the rooms of the Edertal School, the City School and the District Court. The American invasion of March 29, 1945 met with no resistance. 285 men from Frankenberg did not return from the war.
Post war years and 21st century
With the flow of refugees after the Second World War, the number of inhabitants in the city of Frankenberg jumped by 2,000 inhabitants, which required numerous building area expansions. Even before the currency reform in 1948 , the Frankenberg district had begun building the district hospital on Goßberg, to which a nurses 'school and a nurses' home were added soon. In 1975 the hospital was expanded again and has since become a modern Hessian clinic.
In 1962 Frankenberg became a garrison town. In 1962/63, the problem of sewage disposal was solved by building a sewage treatment plant, which was expanded in 1978. The increasing demand for water was secured by drilling deep wells, building elevated drinking water tanks and a pumping station, the increasing demand for electricity by laying new 20 kV ring lines and building new transformer stations. The existing schools (Ortenbergschule, Edertalschule, Burgwaldschule) were modernized and expanded and the Wigand-Gerstenberg-School was built in Wermersdorf. The district vocational school, which was still housed in a barrack on the sports field on the Eder in 1950, was rebuilt in the early 1960s on Marburger Strasse and expanded into a high-performance vocational training center, today's Hans Viessmann School . The Friedrich Trost School for people with learning disabilities was built near Geismarer Straße in 1970 . The Kegelberg School (school for practically imaginable ) emerged from this in the early 1980s . As early as the late 1970s, a workshop for the disabled and an integrative kindergarten were built on Kegelberg under the sponsorship of the Lebenshilfe-Werk. In the Aue, an industrial area was opened up and expanded again and again in the 1960s , in which some important new businesses could be settled. This made it possible to strengthen the economic power and improve the economic structure of the city. A new disaster control center has also been set up in the floodplain , which is home to all facilities serving disaster control , such as the volunteer fire brigade (local and regional part), civil protection , technical relief organization and the German Red Cross .
In 1967 a new indoor pool was built in the immediate vicinity of the park on Teichweg and in 1972 an outdoor pool with mini golf course was connected. Due to the local reorganization in Hesse, the former district town of Frankenberg had to hand over its administrative headquarters to Korbach on January 1, 1974, which now became the district town of the new Waldeck-Frankenberg district , which emerged from the Waldeck district and the Frankenberg district . In the 1970s, the post office built a new post office on Sudetenstrasse and a telecommunications office on Marburger Strasse with a transmission tower that can be seen from afar due to its height. In 1989, Frankenberg was the venue for the Hessentag with a total of half a million visitors. It was the so-called first "new Hessentag", as the traditional costume festival was transformed into a pop and rock festival. The successful redesign shaped the appearance of the event from now on. The Ederberglandhalle, built on the occasion of the Hessentag, is today the focus of the city's cultural life. The redevelopment of the historic old and new town (24 hectares), initiated by the resolution of the town council on August 10, 1967, had the strongest influence on urban development . The measure with the construction of parking garages and the establishment of the pedestrian zone did not always change the image of the city center to its advantage. After all, around 100 half-timbered buildings were demolished and replaced by new ones that were not always successful. However, it must be taken into account that the living requirements of the time called for more modern buildings. The redevelopment also contributed to a significant improvement in the city's economic situation. Frankenberg has become a shopping city that would like to invite you to visit the pedestrian zone and to stroll through town in general.
The next big project is “Frankenberg 2020”, a comprehensive modernization program which, among other things, aims to initiate an energy transition and further expand the city's attractiveness through investments in culture, trade, economy and infrastructure. First, the entire area around the station will be redesigned on a large scale. In 2012, around 12,000 m² of pavement and sidewalk were renewed and a fountain with an interactive chime was built for 80,000 euros. This measure is to be continued after a new shopping center , the “Frankenberger Tor” , will be built on the 16,000 m² area of a former building materials store by 2014 for 28 million euros . The next urban development measure, though well into the future, is the construction of a waterfront promenade in order to better integrate the river Eder into the cityscape.
In the course of administrative reform in Hesse affiliated communities at December 31, 1970 Dörnholzhausen , Friedrich Hausen , Haubern and Rodenbach and the municipalities Hommershausen , Rengershausen , Röddenau , Rodenbach , Schreufa , Viermünden and Wanger Hausen on a voluntary basis the city Frankenberg. On July 1, 1971 Geismar and Willersdorf were added. As a result, the urban area increased from 2,736 ha to 12,518 ha.
|1384||254 cattle tax payers|
|1459||138 citizens in armor and with other weapons|
|1464||210 persons subject to storey duties|
|1469||220 people using storeys|
|1499||207 persons subject to storey duties|
|1577||485 storeys, 478 households|
|1587||503 floor-loaders (374 citizens)|
|1885||2,660, of which 2,508 Protestant (= 94.29%), 36 Catholic (= 1.35%),
12 other Christians (= 0.45%), 104 Jews (= 3.91%)
Archives of the city of Frankenberg are kept in the Hessian State Archives in Marburg .
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||40.1||12||38.2||12||42.1||13||43.5||13|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||32.6||10||29.4||9||31.1||10||34.0||10|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||15.3||5||19.0||6th||10.8||3||8.3||3|
|BLF||Frankenberg citizens list||-||-||7.3||2||9.8||3||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||12.0||4th||4.5||1||6.3||2||5.9||2|
|PIRATES||Pirate Party Germany||-||-||1.5||1||-||-||-||-|
|FWG||Free Community of Voters Frankenberg (Eder)||-||-||-||-||-||-||8.4||3|
|Voter turnout in%||45.1||45.0||41.2||49.2|
In February 2012, the non-party Rüdiger Heß was elected in the first ballot to succeed Christian Engelhardt (CDU), whose predecessor he was from 1998 to 2002. In 2017 he was re-elected as the only candidate for the mayoral election with 83% of the votes cast.
Coat of arms, flag, seal
Description of the coat of arms : "In blue, a golden crowned, red-and-white striped lion growing out of a golden three-mountain in a blue field ." It is a Thuringian lion (with a red head), although the Hessian lion (with a silver head) in older blazonings and on representations of the coat of arms appears. Examples are a book by Klemens Stadler ("[...] three times of silver and red divided lion"), the crest scrapbook published by Otto Hupp for the Kaffee Hag company from the 1920s, or a memorial plaque erected in 2013 for the Bundeswehr. These errors result from neglecting the fact that the city is the only one in Hesse with a Thuringian lion.
The coat of arms of the city of Frankenberg in use today goes back to the small city seal ( secret seal ) on a document of the St. Georgenberg monastery dated July 2, 1325. This seal was also used as a coat of arms and banner in the 14th century . In 1644, the city of Frankenberg had two small - still existing - city seals (secretion seal, coat of arms) of different sizes cut. According to oral tradition, the Dreiberg should refer to the Burgberg, the Goßberg and the Hinstürz. The golden crown was given in memory of Saint Elisabeth , who came from royal blood and in whose honor the Frankenberg Church of Our Lady was built, and to distinguish it from the same lion of the Wettins in Thuringia. About the creation of the coat of arms, Wigand Gerstenberg writes in his city chronicle around 1500 that the colorful lion - initially without the crown and three mountain - came from Landgrave Ludwig I of Thuringia . Landgrave Heinrich I of Hesse then gave the city a new seal, now growing out of a mountain of three with the crowned lion.
On December 19, 1985, the city council passed a new main statute, which, in addition to the description of the coat of arms, regulates the following in Section 1:
- The city colors are blue and white.
- The official city flag shows the city coat of arms in the middle of the longitudinally striped blue and white flag.
- The representation of the city of Frankenberg (Eder) with wall, gate and five towers is used as a seal.
The latter goes back to the large town seal, which also appeared for the first time on a document from the St. Georgenberg Monastery on October 11, 1249.
- Brou (Eure-et-Loir) , France - since 1968
- Seekirchen am Wallersee , Austria - since 1968
- Manningtree , United Kingdom - since 1971
- Frankenberg / Saxony , Germany - since 1990
- Bytów , Poland - since 2008
Culture and sights
In addition to free, regular city tours lasting around one and a half hours from April to October, there are also themed tours or tours aimed at special target groups; for example a city tour at night or for children.
Theaters and museums
The Kulturring Frankenberg organizes theater performances, cabarets and concerts in the Ederberglandhalle all year round. In addition, several other theater groups operate in the city.
There are the following museums:
- District Home Museum. Housed in the St. Georgenberg monastery with works by Philipp Soldan and Tyle von Frankenberg .
- Thonet Museum . Dedicated to the life's work of Michael Thonet , it shows Bauhaus tubular steel furniture and the world-famous coffee house chairs.
- Village museum. With representations of ancient craft skills; located in the Geismar district.
- House at Geismarer Tor. Changing exhibitions of the Kunsttreff Frankenberg.
- Nightgroove , a pub festival with live music in different locations
- March in the Listenbach (Whitsun weekend)
Whitsun market , with approx. 265,000 visitors one of the largest folk festivals in Hessen.
During the fair, an event radio runs on 93.7 MHz .
- Park and light festival
- Bütower meeting
- Beach Cup on the Obermarkt , a three-day beach volleyball tournament
- Eder bike tour
- Halloween Shopping Night , a Halloween themed party with nightly opening of the shops in the pedestrian zone
Due to its rather rural location, the city serves as a destination for going out in the evening for many surrounding places, which has led to the settlement of appropriate service providers such as restaurants, pubs (bars, pubs with live music, Irish pubs, bowling centers) and the only discotheque in closer proximity Environment has led. The introduction of an extended curfew (from 3 a.m. instead of 5 a.m.) on a trial basis in 2013 ensured longer discussions and even a demonstration by young people . The mayor as the regulatory authority argued that one also had to consider Frankenberg's claim as a “family town”. In addition, depending on the security concept, special permits are also issued and the measure is limited to one year.
- Church of Our Lady . Built from 1286 to 1380. A Gothic building based on the Marburg Elisabeth Church , which burned down completely in the great Frankenberg fire in 1476. After a Hesse-wide appeal for donations from Landgrave Heinrich III. it was restored from 1478.
- The 10-tower town hall . Built in 1509 between Upper and Lower Market. It is the third town hall in the city. The first building was demolished in 1421 to build the predecessor of the current building. He already had the striking ten towers, which represent the ten local guilds at the time, but also fell victim to the great fire of 1476.
- St. Georgenberg Monastery . Several construction phases from 1249 to the 17th century. Today the former Cistercian convent houses, among other things, the district home museum.
- Fulling mill . First mentioned in a document in 1358 and restored in 2010. The former full mill now houses a restaurant with a café, beer garden and playground.
- Former hospital church. Erected from 1513 to 1515. Single-aisled building with wooden vaults from 1865 and a pulpit from the 17th century.
- Stone house. Built around 1240. The city's oldest preserved secular building survived the fire of 1476 largely undamaged. During the renovation in 1977, the interior was completely gutted and the Gothic stepped gable was restored based on comparable models. The remains of a large kitchen fireplace have been preserved inside. Today it is home to the city library, among other things.
- Former girls' school. Two-storey half-timbered building from 1769 with a half-hip roof .
- Old brewery. Probably built in 1538. Massive two-storey eaves house with an ogival entrance. The building has since been demolished except for the facade and incorporated into the complex of an adjacent 4-star hotel.
Residential buildings. The cityscape, which was once closed and characterized by numerous half-timbered buildings, suffered numerous losses as part of the urban renovation carried out from 1967 onwards. Nevertheless, some notable houses from the 16th to 19th centuries have been preserved. The horse market 10–16 assembly , which was comprehensively renewed between 1979 and 1986, is particularly beautiful . The following should also be emphasized:
- Ritterstrasse 6–8. Erected around 1520.
- Neue Gasse 5. Built around 1500 and restored in 1979.
- Geismarer Straße 3. A half-timbered building from the 16th century with medieval stone work.
- Steingasse 17. One of the oldest half-timbered buildings in the city. It was restored in 1983.
- Neustädter Straße 35. Three-storey gabled house from the 17th century with corner bay windows, restored in 1977. The basement is no longer true to the original due to shop fittings.
- Steingasse 1 (Herboldsche House). The three-storey half-timbered building with corner bay was built in 1564 and demolished in 1977 with the exception of the front part and replaced by a new building made of concrete half-timbering.
- Fortifications. Remains of the Franconian period from the 6th century.
- Frankenberger stelae man. In 1994 37 sculptures were installed as a tour of the city.
- Witch tower. From the medieval city fortifications - in addition to small remains of the wall - a witch's tower from the 13th century with its three meter thick walls has been preserved.
Gallery of sights
Town hall on Untermarkt
Green spaces and recreation
In addition to the city park, the city wildlife park is open at all times of the year and day with free entry. You have mountain goats, wild boars , red , fallow , sika - and mouflon are encountered. Except for the fenced-in wild boar and the mountain goats, the animals run around freely - without disturbing fences - and can be petted. Frankenberg and its surroundings offer well-marked circular and long-distance hiking trails in a wooded and relaxing landscape; for example Hessenweg 1 , which leads from Eltville am Rhein through the Taunus , the Westerwald and the Lahn-Dill-Bergland to the Diemelsee in the Waldecker Land . There are also special Nordic walking trails in the city forest adjacent to the north . The city is also located on the Hessian long-distance cycle routes R6 , R8 , the Oranier route , the Lahn-Eder cycle path and the Ederauen cycle path . The Edersee and the adjacent Kellerwald-Edersee National Park can also be reached in a short time .
The flagship in sporting terms is TSV Hessen 1848 Frankenberg. As one of the most traditional sports clubs in Hesse, its 15 departments (beach volleyball, badminton, basketball, billiards, soccer, handball, canoeing, kickboxing, athletics, bounce balls, sports badges, swimming, table tennis, gymnastics and volleyball) offer a wide range of activities for children, Teenagers and adults.
Frankenberg in the film
The documentary Der deutsche Kleinstädter by Theo Gallehr from 1968 was controversial . After its first broadcast on January 3, 1969, the film led to violent reactions in Frankenberg itself and was discussed nationwide. In 1970 he was awarded the Adolf Grimme Prize .
Economy and Infrastructure
The economy is evenly distributed among different areas and thus contributes to a very good labor market situation in the region. The internationally renowned Thonet furniture factory , the Hettich pressure and injection molding plant , arguably the largest commercial employer in the area, and the Bundeswehr's 932 Electronic Warfare Battalion ( EloKa ) are based in Frankenberg . The most important company in the vicinity is the heating technology manufacturer Viessmann , which employs more than 10,000 people worldwide and has its headquarters in Allendorf (Eder) . In addition to the manufacturing industry, numerous branches of industry from the service sector have settled in Frankenberg. For example, there is a four-star hotel complex in the old town called “Sonne”, which has a large wellness area as well as several bars and restaurants, one of which has been awarded a Michelin star . Due to the fact that Frankenberg was a district town until 1973 , many administrations are still based in the city today.
Plastics processing has been a technological focus for 30 years . With EWIKON and Günther, two world-leading companies in so-called hot runner technology are based in Frankenberg . Two other important employers are Finger Fertighaus , which builds around 700 residential buildings every year, and the district hospital with more than 600 employees, which as a Hessian clinic has five specialist departments and, among other things , acts as an academic teaching hospital for the Philipps University of Marburg .
The balance between inbound and outbound commuters is even. Most of the commuters are employed by the Viessmann factories.
There are various schools in Frankenberg, including the Edertalschule ( grammar school ), Burgwaldschule ( secondary school ), Ortenbergschule ( elementary , secondary and secondary school with support level ), Friedrich-Trost-Schule (school for learning assistance) and Kegelbergschule ( special school ). There is also an adult education center and four further elementary and / or secondary schools in the city center and the districts.
The Hans Viessmann School as a vocational school covers a wide range of educational opportunities. It is made up of the vocational preparation year , basic vocational training year, vocational school (up to and including secondary school leaving certificate), vocational school , technical college , technical school for mechanical engineering, technical school for business administration and business administration for technicians. There are also cooperation agreements with other educational institutions.
From 2005 to 2012 Frankenberg was the location of the North Hesse University of Cooperative Education for the Systems Engineering course . The offer has been replaced and expanded by the Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen with the Studium Plus program . In the field of engineering sciences which are now Bachelor degree programs Electrical Engineering , Mechanical Engineering and refrigeration and air conditioning available; in addition there is the master degree program process management . In cooperation with the Edertal School, the university also offers a Young Engineer Academy , which aims to introduce students to the field of engineering at an early stage with the subjects of information technology , electronics , automation technology and mechanical engineering .
→ See: Bahnhof Frankenberg (Eder)
The federal highways B 252 and B 253 , which connect the city with Marburg , Korbach , Melsungen and Dillenburg , cross on the Frankenberg bypass . You can use them to reach the A 5 , A 7 , A 44 and A 45 motorways .
The city is connected to Marburg via the Warburg – Sarnau railway line . From 1987 to 2015 Frankenberg was the terminus; the Frankenberg – Korbach section was put back into operation on September 11, 2015. Since May 2011, individual special trips to Herzhausen have taken place again. Previously, the Kurhessenbahn operated via the so-called Untere Edertalbahn in the summer season (April to October) 2006 and 2007 on Sundays and public holidays to Herzhausen and from 2005 to 2007 via the remainder of the Allendorf – Bad Berleburg railway to Battenberg-Auhammer , on the es Freight traffic still exists today . In Marburg there is a connection to the DB Fernverkehr network . In 2014 the city of Frankenberg bought the station building in order to be able to renovate it afterwards.
Local public transport is operated by the North Hessian Transport Association. The Frankenberg bus routes go to Bad Wildungen , Burgwald , Gemünden , Hallenberg , Hatzfeld , Korbach, Lichtenfels , Oberasphe , Rosenthal and, in addition to rail transport, Marburg.
Long-distance cycle routes
The following cycle paths run in the vicinity of Frankenberg :
- The Hessian long-distance cycle route R6 begins in Diemelstadt in northern Hesse and runs with a total length of 380 km to Lampertheim in southern Hesse.
- The Hessian long-distance cycle route R8 starts in Frankenberg and runs over 310 km through the Gladenbacher Bergland , the Westerwald , the Taunus , Frankfurt am Main , the Odenwald to the Bergstrasse .
- The 180 km long Ederauenradweg begins in the Rothaargebirge in North Rhine-Westphalia and is then called Eder-Radweg in Hessen . It follows the course of the Eder to its confluence with the Fulda near Guxhagen .
- A cycle path along the Orange Route runs over 400 km from Bad Arolsen to Nassau . It connects cities that have been closely associated with the Dutch royal family for many centuries .
- The Lahn-Eder cycle path starts approx. 12 km north of Marburg in Sarnau and leads through the Wetschaft and Nemphe valley and through the castle forest to Frankenberg. It is particularly important as a connection between the Eder cycle path and the Lahntal cycle path .
- The 210 km long GeoRadroute Ruhr-Eder themed bike path from the Sauerland to the Waldecker Land with a focus on geological history and the development of the landscape.
Since 2007 Frankenberg has had its own event radio (Radio Frankenberg), which is operated every year during the Whitsun market. The transmitter mast is located in the tower of the Liebfrauenkirche and can therefore reach over 80,000 listeners.
The Frankenberg District Court is a court of ordinary jurisdiction . A little outside the city is the Burgwald barracks , which were moved into in 1962 and where the 932 Electronic Warfare Battalion is stationed.
Hessian model municipality "family city with a future"
Since November 2005, Frankenberg has been a Hessian model municipality as a “ family town with a future ”. In the ten-year model program, the city was the first municipality to prevail against 33 other competitors. The remaining municipalities were able to maintain and add to their applications. The city of Büdingen was added to the program at the end of 2006 as the second municipality . With the model project, the state of Hesse wants to test whether and with what success municipal measures can have a positive influence on demographic development. As part of the scientifically supported model test, the cities will receive up to ten million euros over the duration.
The Frankenberg experiment will focus on measures to reconcile family and career (also included under the keyword work-life balance ). A “newborn savings book” is also intended to make having children more attractive in the community by symbolizing the social value of a child. There is also a shopping childcare facility, where parents can place their children in a special after-school care center in the pedestrian zone. The latest campaign is called "comeback - show what's in you" and promotes business start-ups who want to combine family and independence.
The following overview contains both well-known personalities who were born in Frankenberg and people who worked in Frankenberg but were not born there.
The list does not claim to be complete.
- Tyle von Frankenberg (14th century), builder and Gothic stone sculptor
- Wigand Gerstenberg (1457–1522), chronicler in Frankenberg and Hesse
- Euricius Cordus (1486–1535), humanist, poet, doctor and botanist
- Helius Eobanus Hessus (1488–1540), humanist and great neo-Latin poet
- Philipp Soldan (1500–1570), late Gothic stonemason, wood carver, master builder and painter
- Abraham Saur (1545–1593), lawyer and procurator at the Marburg court
- Anton Matthäus (1564–1637), legal scholar
- Conrad Buno (1613–1671), engraver, publisher, draftsman and bookseller
- Johannes Buno (1617–1697), educator and theologian, born in Frankenberg
- Theodor Valentin Volkmar (1781–1847), legal scholar, mayor of Frankenberg and first mayor of Marburg
- Caspar Garthe (1796–1876), naturalist and founder of the Cologne Zoo
- Ernst Hassencamp (1824–1881), German geologist, paleontologist and pharmacist
- Wilhelm Trabert (1863–1921), meteorologist, physicist and director of the Vienna Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics
- Karl Heldmann (1869–1943), historian, opponent of the First World War and supporter of a new federal structure in the Weimar Republic
- Georg Thonet (1909–2005), entrepreneur and great-grandson of Michael Thonet , built up the Thonet company in Frankenberg and made it internationally famous
- Heinrich Kohl (1912–1984), politician (FDP), District Administrator of the Frankenberg district and State Secretary in the Hessian Ministry of the Interior
- Sepp Waller (1921–1997), politician (GB / BHE, GDP) and mayor of Frankenberg
- Friedhelm König (1931–2020), evangelistic writer and co-founder of the Frankenberg commercial school
- Ansgar Nierhoff (1941–2010), sculptor and documenta artist
- Helmut Debelius (* 1947), marine researcher, author and underwater photographer
- Christiane Kohl (* 1954), journalist (Süddeutsche Zeitung) and writer
- Maren Hammerschmidt (* 1989), biathlete
- Paul Becker (* 1990), volleyball and beach volleyball player
- Jennifer Cramer (* 1993), soccer player
- Sarah Schneider (* 1996), volleyball and beach volleyball player
- Hans Becker: History of the city of Frankenberg an der Eder: From the beginning to the present day. Published on the occasion of the Hessentag 1989, Frankenberg 1989, ISBN 3-922225-13-6 .
- Ursula Braasch-Schwersmann , Ulrich Ritzerfeld: Hessian city atlas: Frankenberg (Eder). Marburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-87707-722-1 .
- Heinz Brandt: Seal and coat of arms of the city of Frankenberg. City gate, wall and lion. In: Our Frankenberger Land 16 . Frankenberg 1990.
- Hans Joachim von Brockhusen : The emblem of the city of Frankenberg. In: Home calendar for the Frankenberg-Eder district . Frankenberg 1949, pp. 53-56.
- Georg Dehio , Ernst Gall , Magnus Backes: Handbook of German art monuments - Hesse. 2nd Edition. Darmstadt 1982, ISBN 978-3-422-03117-3 , pp. 231-235.
- Erich Keyser : Hessian city book. Stuttgart 1957, pp. 119-122.
- Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hessen. 800 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , pp. 142-143.
- Ulrich Ritzerfeld: The knight Tammo von Beltershausen, Berich Abbey and the founding of the city of Frankenberg an der Eder. A contribution to the history of the monastery and the Ludowingian ministry in Hesse in the middle of the 13th century. In: Enno Bünz, Stefan Tebruck, Helmut G. Walther (ed.): Religious movements in the Middle Ages. Festschrift for Matthias Werner. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-20060-2 , pp. 173-211.
- Jürgen Römer: The city of Frankenberg an der Eder (= DKV art guide . No. 538). Munich / Berlin 1999.
- Georg Wilhelm Sante (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 4: Hessen (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 274). 3rd, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-520-27403-5 , pp. 124-125.
- Literature about Frankenberg in the Hessian Bibliography
- Frankenberg (Eder), Waldeck-Frankenberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Information on the community of Frankenberg (Eder). In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agentur GmbH , 2016.
- Link catalog on the subject of Frankenberg (Eder) at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Waldecksche Landeszeitung from March 29, 2013: One year in office: Mayor Rüdiger Heß in an interview
- The Philipp-Soldan-Stadt Frankenberg (Eder). (No longer available online.) In: frankenberg.de. May 29, 2018, archived from the original on September 13, 2018 ; accessed on May 30, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Numbers, data, facts on the city of Frankenberg's website. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- Bernhard Beß: Tholde, Kaspar . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 38, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1894, pp. 52-55.
- The copper mines in the Waldeck Frankenberg district. In: Mineralienatlas Lexikon. Retrieved June 15, 2013 .
- From integration festival to pop festival. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . June 6, 2008, accessed June 15, 2013 .
- New Frankenberger Bahnhofstrasse inaugurated. In: Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine . December 5, 2012, accessed June 15, 2013 .
- Let children participate in city life. In: Frankenberger Zeitung . May 15, 2013, accessed June 15, 2013 .
- shot for the "Frankenberger Tor". In: Frankenberger Zeitung . March 20, 2012, accessed June 15, 2013 .
- Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine : Frankenberg - city on the river. In: 500 years Frankenberg town hall - Today: The future of the city. May 23, 2009, p. 29.
- Incorporation of the communities Dörnholzhausen, Friedrichshausen, Haubern and the city of Frankenberg-Eder in the district of Frankenberg on November 24, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (Ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 52 , p. 2446 , point 2461 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.8 MB ]).
- Incorporation of the communities of Hommershausen, Rengershausen, Röddenau, Rodenbach, Schreufa, Viermünden and Wangershausen into the town of Frankenberg-Eder in the Frankenberg district on January 5, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (Ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 3 , p. 111 , point 121 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
- Municipal reform in Hesse: mergers and integrations of municipalities from June 21, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 28 , p. 1117 , item 988; Paragraph 6. ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 5.0 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 389-390 .
- Frankenberg (Eder), Waldeck-Frankenberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on September 5, 2019 .
- Frankenberg (Eder), Waldeck-Frankenberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on September 5, 2019 .
- City of Frankenberg / Eder (Krs. Waldeck-Frankenberg) (16th – 20th century) HStAM inventory 330 Frankenberg. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), accessed on June 15, 2013.
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- The victory saved at the finish: Rüdiger Heß becomes the new Frankenberg mayor at HNA online, from February 26, 2012.
- election in Frankenberg: 83 percent for Heß , hna.de, September 24, 2017
- main statute of the city of Frankenberg (Eder). April 28, 2011, p. 1 , accessed June 21, 2013 .
- Klemens Stadler : German coat of arms - Federal Republic of Germany. In: The municipal coats of arms of the state of Hesse. Bremen 1967, p. 33.
- Trading card from the Kaffee HAG company from the 1920s. In: Heraldry of the World. Retrieved June 14, 2013 .
- Afghanistan attack: memorial plaque unveiled for victims. In: Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine . June 7, 2013, accessed June 10, 2013 .
- Information on the folk festival. In: Official website of the Frankenberg Whitsun Market. Retrieved June 21, 2013 .
- Another 265,000 visitors to the Whitsun market. In: Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine . May 21, 2013, accessed June 15, 2013 .
- Event radio for the Whitsun Market. In: Radio Frankenberg. Retrieved June 21, 2013 .
- Parliament against curfew from three. In: Frankenberger Zeitung . April 19, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013 .
- Adolf Grimme Institute - Prize Winner. (No longer available online.) In: www.grimme-institut.de. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on September 20, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Labor marketfor Waldeck-Frankenberg. In: Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine . May 29, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013 .
- Frankenberg (Eder) - industrial and commercial areas on www.frankenberg.de
- Medical training in Frankenberg. In: Frankenberger Zeitung . November 16, 2010, accessed June 15, 2013 .
- Together for the future of the region. In: Frankenberger Zeitung . June 14, 2013, accessed June 16, 2013 .
- In a large circle towards the future. In: Frankenberger Zeitung . June 13, 2013, accessed June 16, 2013 .
- station building now belongs to the city . In: https://www.wlz-online.de . May 26, 2014 ( wlz-online.de [accessed December 1, 2017]).
- Description of the GeoRadroute Ruhr-Eder themed bike path at www.georadroute.de
- Heinrich Reimer: Saur, Abraham . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 30, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1890, p. 419 f.