Ludwig I. (Thuringia)

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Ludwig I.

Ludwig I († January 12, 1140 ), the son of Count Ludwig the Springer and his wife Adelheid von Stade , was born in 1131 by the later Emperor Lothar III. raised to Landgrave of Thuringia and ruled until 1140. The title of Landgrave was created especially for him. According to the family succession, he would actually be Ludwig III. been, but he won the Landgraviate of Thuringia for his family and with such titular or territorial gains it is common practice to start the counting again.

Through his marriage to Hedwig von Gudensberg , daughter of the Hessian count Giso IV , and through the marriage of Hedwig's mother Kunigunde von Bilstein with his younger brother Heinrich Raspe I in 1123 , the Ludowingers fell after the death of Giso V. in 1137 and to that of Kunigunde in 1140 an extensive inheritance, which initiated the connection between Thuringia and Hesse. This inheritance included the Gisonian property north of Marburg with the Stiftsvogtei Wetter , the Bilstein inheritance of Kunigunde south of Marburg and the bailiwick of Hersfeld , and the entire Hessian property of Count Werner , who died out in 1121 and inherited from Giso IV and Kunigunde , in particular the County of Maden -Gudensberg with the bailiffs Fritzlar , Hasungen and Breitenau . From 1137, Ludwig was also Count of Hessen-Gudensberg.

The proximity to Emperor Lothar III. (von Supplinburg) had promoted Ludwig's elevation to landgrave and with it the rise to the prince status. After Lothar's death in 1137, Ludwig I switched to the Staufer party: the time of the power struggle between the Staufers and the Guelphs for supremacy in the empire had dawned.

The first Ludowingian landgrave died on January 12, 1140 and was buried in the house monastery Reinhardsbrunn .

Daughter Jutta

His daughter was Jutta (Judith), who was married to the Bohemian Duke (from 1158 king) Vladislav II (* around 1110; † January 18, 1174 in predium Mer , "on Gut Meerane"). She brought the lordship and castle Mer ( Meerane ) with her into the marriage as own property or dowry .


Individual evidence

  1. Steffen Winkler: The former size and importance of the city of Meerane. (= Legends and fabulous stories from Glauchau and the surrounding area. Special issue). Museum and Art Collection Schloss Hinterglauchau, Glauchau 1981, p. 7 f.

Web links

Commons : Ludwig I.  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Hermann II of Winzenburg Landgrave of Thuringia
Ludwig II.