|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||kassel|
|Height :||550 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||80.19 km 2|
|Residents:||6096 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||76 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||34508|
|Area code :||05632|
|License plate :||KB, FKB, WA|
|Community key :||06 6 35 022|
|Community structure:||9 districts with Stryck|
|Address of the
|Waldecker Strasse 12
|Mayor :||Thomas Trachten ( independent )|
|Location of the municipality of Willingen (Upland) in the Waldeck-Frankenberg district|
Willingen (Upland) is a municipality in the Upland , the north-eastern part of the Rothaargebirge . It belongs to the North Hessian district of Waldeck-Frankenberg and borders directly on the Hochsauerlandkreis in North Rhine-Westphalia .
Willingen was first mentioned in a document in 1380. The municipality has existed in its current form since the territorial reform in 1974, when the current districts were merged to form the new municipality of Willingen. Willingen is a winter sports destination and usually advertises with the addition of Hochsauerland . It is internationally known for the annual FIS World Cup ski jumping events at Mühlenkopfschanze and the EWF Biathlon Arena, which was built in 2007. Willingen's landmark is a viaduct that was built during the First World War and is still used as a railway bridge today.
The municipality of Willingen is located in the northwest of northern Hesse in the northeast part of the Rothaargebirge and as part of its core town about 60 km (as the crow flies ) west of Kassel . The municipality belongs to the Upland and thus also to the Sauerland .
In this part of the Rothaargebirge, in addition to the Diemel , its tributaries Hoppecke and Itter arise . The sources are about 400 m apart, surrounded by Langenberg ( ) on the border with North Rhine-Westphalia, Mittelberg ( ), Hegekopf ( ), Mühlenkopf (approx. ) and Ettelsberg ( ). In the area of the Langenberg lies the highest point of the municipality with over , whereby the summit point is about 20 m from the municipality boundary in the area of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Hoppecke flows off to the north and after a short walk reaches the western outskirts of Willingen. Flowing further north, it leaves the municipality a little later in the direction of Brilon Forest . To the northwest of the Hoppecke, the ridge between Langenberg and Hoppernkopf ( ) forms the border with Olsberg and Brilon . The Hoppernkopf leads north to the Schellhorn ridge (max. ), which is located in North Rhine-Westphalia in the urban area of Brilon.
The Itter, which rises somewhat to the south, initially flows through the Stryck forest in an easterly direction, but soon turns its course to the north as well, passing the village of Stryck . It then flows through Willingen on the eastern edge of the village. To the east are Iberg ( ) and Orenberg . Continuing flowing in north-northeastern directions, your path leads west of Schwalefeld past towards Diemelsee. Shortly before Bontkirchen the Itter leaves the municipality. North of Willingen, the Dreis ridge separates Hoppecke and Itter from the Hohe Eimberg ( ).
Musenberg ( ), Hohe Pön ( ), Emmet ( ) and Auf'm Knoll ( ) rise east of the Itteroberlauf . The Diemel rises on the eastern flank of the Knoll and flows off to the north. After about 2 km it flows through the Usseln district. The rest of the way takes you west past Osterkopf ( ) and Sähre ( ). Then it turns its course to the east, flows through the district of Hemmighausen and then leaves the municipality.
The Neerdar rises south of Usseln . This flows through the eastern municipality from west to east, changing direction several times. It flows through the villages of Neerdar and Bömighausen before leaving the municipality. While the mountains in the headwaters of the Neerdar rise over , the landscape flattens noticeably towards the east. In the southeast, at is the lowest point in the municipality in the Neerdar valley. The Werbelberg north of Bömighausen still reaches a height of .
Land use and expansion of the municipal area
The municipal area extends over around 15.8 km from Langenberg in the west to the Rhenatal in the east and over around 11 km between Twerenberg in the north and Hopperkopf in the south.
As of 2018, the 80.19 square kilometer municipal area comprised: 440 hectares of building and open space, 30 hectares of operational space, 395 hectares of recreational area, 421 hectares of traffic area, 2705 hectares of agricultural land, 4000 hectares of forest, 120 hectares of water and 207 hectares of municipal area are subject to a different type of use .
Willingen borders in the north on the municipality of Diemelsee , in the east on the city of Korbach (both in northern Hesse ), in the south on the city of Medebach , in the south-west on the city of Winterberg , in the west on the city of Olsberg and in the north-west on the city of Brilon (all four in the Hochsauerlandkreis in North Rhine-Westphalia ).
The municipality of Willingen is divided into the districts of Bömighausen (258 inhabitants), Eimelrod (431 inhabitants), Hemmighausen (96 inhabitants), Neerdar (111 inhabitants), Rattlar (262 inhabitants), Schwalefeld (579 inhabitants), Usseln (1697 inhabitants), Welleringhausen (85 inhabitants) and Willingen (2503 inhabitants) with Hoppern and Stryck . The population figures given for the districts are the main residences according to the information provided by the municipality of Willingen.
In Willingen there is a typical low mountain range climate . It is characterized by the transition area between the subatlantic and the subcontinental climate that predominates in this area. Characteristic for this are damp, cool summers and mild winters. The annual average temperature is 6.4 ° C, the mean value of the precipitation amounts 1,225.7 mm and the hours of sunshine 3.7 hours / day. Individual monthly mean values can be found in the climate table.
Average temperatures, precipitation and sunshine duration for Willingen (Upland)
The origins of the villages around Willingen probably date back to around 1000. After Christianization, the first church in Usseln was built around 870 AD . The large ring wall of the Schwalenburg near Schwalefeld, which was probably built between the late 8th and 10th centuries, also indicates a settlement. Willingen was first mentioned in a document in 1380. At first the place consisted of only a few feudal yards, as in many Upland communities . The difficult climatic conditions in the Upland meant that settlement was slow to develop here. The few farmsteads initially belonged to the Padberg rule . Willingen later belonged to Waldeck .
A period of desertification that lasted from 1340 to 1470 led to complete decline. It was not until the 15th and 16th centuries that Willingen and part of the other Upland communities came into the possession of the Counts of Waldeck . In Stryck , the Counts of Waldeck set up a chief forester's office to look after the extensive forest hunting areas. A renewed construction period followed, which lasted from about 1480 to 1620. The abundance of forests in the Upland prompted the Counts of Waldeck to also build iron works for iron production and hammers for processing iron. There was a hammer mill near Willingen since 1530. In Willingen there were three to four huts with the associated hammers and eight to ten companies. Small items of hardware such as nails and sabers were made, which were then sold in traveling trade as far as Holland, Austria and Poland.
In the Thirty Years War the place was almost completely destroyed. Due to events of war and severe plague epidemics, the population decreased by about 2/3. During the Seven Years' War (1756 to 1763) the subsequent reconstruction was interrupted again. The county of Waldeck was then burdened with a debt burden of more than 800,000 Reichstalers.
In 1847 there was a great fire in the place, which killed 47 houses. In the 19th century, opportunities to earn a living were extremely limited. A large part of the male residents moved annually to the south and north of Germany as part of the Sauerland migrant trade . They only came back to Willingen in the winter months.
In 1898 a telephone connection with the neighboring town of Usseln was opened. In the spring of 1913, the construction of the Uplandbahn line between Brilon Wald and Korbach began in several sections . On October 1st of the following year, the Brilon Wald – Willingen section was opened to traffic. On April 1, 1917, the last stagecoach began its journey in order to leave the field to the railroad in the future.
Until 1929 Willingen belonged to the Free State of Waldeck and after its dissolution came to the Free State of Prussia .
During the Second World War , the Uplandbahn trains were repeatedly the target of enemy air raids. On September 25, 1944, numerous travelers and the engine driver were injured when the midday train was shot at. On October 24, fourteen deaths and numerous injuries were reported after a low-flying attack. A fully loaded ammunition train with 28 wagons, which was parked in Willingen train station, exploded on March 20, 1945 after an air raid. All houses in the immediate vicinity were damaged and some were uninhabitable. Pieces of debris flew into the Ruhr valley far to the west . On March 29, 1945, Willingen was occupied without a fight by a US Army tank column coming from the south .
From 1942 the place belonged to the district of Waldeck (since January 1974 Waldeck-Frankenberg). Willingen had been recognized as a climatic health resort ten years earlier . In 1935, the first climatic weather station was built in the village with the aim of becoming a "health resort". Willingen achieved this goal on August 20, 1957 when it was recognized as a climatic health resort .
The Uplandbahn's rail traffic was temporarily suspended in November 1999 and resumed in December 2003 after extensive renovation work. For the renovation of the Willingen Viaduct alone, 9 million euros were raised.
As part of the Hessian territorial reform in the first half of the 1970s, today's municipality of Willingen (Upland) was created from nine municipalities.
|Hemmighausen||July 1, 1970||Incorporation to Usseln|
|Bömighausen, Eimelrod, Usseln, Welleringhausen , Neerdar||December 31, 1971||Merger to form Upland|
|Rattlar, Schwalefeld||April 1, 1972||Incorporation to Willingen|
|Upland||1st January 1974||Merger to Willingen (Upland)|
The population of the former municipalities is given.
The population has been declining slightly since 1990. In other parts of the region, demographic change only became apparent ten years later. In comparison with the average for the state of Hesse, the population development in Willingen is particularly negative. The number of the younger population groups will decrease significantly, while the number of the older population will grow at an above-average rate. Every fourth inhabitant in the Willingen area will be over 65 years old in 2020. In Hessen as a whole, this number is one in five.
On December 31, 2007, the population consisted of 807 under 15-year-olds (12.4 percent), 4,175 over 15 to under 65-year-olds (64.2 percent), and 1,524 residents aged 65 and over (23.4 percent) ) together. 3,334 people were female (51 percent), 3,172 were male (49 percent).
Like all of Waldeck, Willingen became Protestant in the 16th century. The Protestant church became the dominant denomination. An increase in the number of Catholic residents only took place after the Second World War, due to the immigration of Sudeten Germans in particular . Both denominations have parishes and places of worship on site. An old Protestant church that was no longer needed was converted into a restaurant. One of the Catholic churches built as part of immigration is St. Augustine's Church .
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||28.2||9||32.6||10||31.4||10||30.8||10|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||32.7||10||31.7||10||36.0||11||26.1||8th|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||22.5||7th||19.7||6th||17.6||5||13.4||4th|
|FWG||Free voter community Willingen (Upland)||16.5||5||16.0||5||15.0||5||13.9||4th|
|WBL||Willinger Citizen List||-||-||-||-||-||-||10.6||3|
|SBL||Schwalefelder Citizens List||-||-||-||-||-||-||5.2||2|
|Voter turnout in%||50.8||51.7||51.2||56.3|
After the Hessian municipal constitution is the Mayor Chairman of the Municipal Board , the six volunteers in the community Willingen next to the Mayor Councilor belong. Thomas Trachte has been mayor since August 12, 2004. His directly elected predecessors were
- 1998 to 2004 Hubert Bechstein
Results of the last parliamentary elections
Willingen is part of the parliamentary constituency Waldeck and state election district Waldeck-Frankenberg I . The citizens of Willingen elected the members of the European Parliament, the Bundestag and the Landtag with the following proportions:
|Political party||European Parliament
June 7, 2009
September 27, 2009
State Parliament of Hesse
January 18, 2009
|PDS / The Left||1.5%||6.0%||3.0%|
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on December 30, 1968 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.
Blazon : "In gold above a seven-pointed, green fir-cut foot, an eight-pointed black star, covered with a six-pointed silver snow crystal."
The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Heinz Ritt .
The flag was approved on December 23, 1987 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.
"The flag of the municipality of Willingen shows the municipality's coat of arms: In gold over a seven-pointed, green fir-cut foot that occupies the lower third, an eight-pointed black star, covered with a six-pointed white snow crystal."
Culture and sights
Cultural events are presented in the “visitor center”, among other places. An amateur theater group has existed since 1993 . Since 2009 it has been called Theater Willingen .
In 2006 the local choral society MGV Concordia 1881 Willingen could look back on 125 years of club history. It was founded as a pure male choir. A mixed choir was established in 2000. In the same year the gospel choir Willingen was founded, which in November 2001 gave itself the name The Highland Gospelsingers . In 2007 the association published three CDs and a chro book in cooperation with the choir director. In addition to the Gospel Singers, there is also the Willinger Gospel Quartet.
From a merger of the Kyffhäuserkameradschaft and the Willinger Schützenverein, the Schützengesellschaft Willingen e. V. formerly Kyffhäuserkameradschaft 1872 . The Willingen Schützenblaskapelle was founded in the summer of 1983 as a subgroup of the Willingen Schützengesellschaft.
The “Schiefergrube Christine” visitor mine , a mine that was closed in 1971, is located in Willingen . Part of the former tunnel system is used for guided tours, during which information is provided about the extraction of slate by means of blasting, the transport of slate blocks and the subsequent processing of the material for days. In an exhibition, objects made from slate and slate waste, minerals and fossils from the pit are shown. The old splitting house demonstrates how slate was split manually and with which tools.
The “Upländer Milchmuhseum” is dedicated to the history and current use of milk . It is located in a former dairy in the Usseln district . Parts of the museum are designed to be interactive ; visitors can, for example, practice milking themselves. The Usselner Bauernmolkerei began planning a museum in 1996 when it was banned from tours of the company for hygienic reasons. The Milchmuhseum opened in 2002 and is supported by an association of the same name.
In the “Curioseum” - also located in the Usseln district - historical tractors, cars and airplanes are on display. There are also a number of other exhibits such as dolls, wooden sleds and model ships, which are grouped under the heading of kitsch, art and junk . The museum is run by Hans Schlömer, who has been exhibiting his collection since 2008.
In the “Heimatstube Usseln” exhibits and handicraft demonstrations show the former living conditions in the region. The museum was opened in 1982 and focuses on handicrafts and housework in the Upland. Information is also provided about winter sports and the region's flora and fauna.
With the Mühlenkopfschanze , Willingen has the largest ski jumping hill in the world that is not a ski flying hill. The building was opened in 1951, rebuilt in 2000 and extensively renovated in 2006. The construction point is 130 meters, the hill size is 145 meters. The facility has a capacity of up to 38,000 spectators. A small cabin lift leads from the outlet to the tower of the ski jump. Every year a ski jumping world cup competition takes place on the Mühlenkopfschanze .
The Willinger Viaduct , a 294 meter long viaduct, was built between 1914 and 1917 and is still used today for rail traffic on the Wabern – Brilon Wald route. The construction is an arch bridge , the highest point of which is about 31 meters above the valley. In 1999 the traffic on the railway line had to be stopped due to defects in the Willingen Viaduct. After the outer shell of the building had become dilapidated by the weather, an engineering office in Kassel developed a new renovation principle. This enabled operations on the line to resume in December 2003.
The Hochheideturm on the Ettelsberg , from which there is a view of the Rothaargebirge and beyond its borders, was opened in 2002. Its viewing platform at is the highest in the Sauerland. The largest artificial climbing wall in Europe is attached to one side . The tower with an octagonal floor plan can be reached via the Ettelsberg cable car and on hiking trails.
Between the 8th and 10th centuries, the Schwalenburg was built on the Hegeberg north of the Schwalefeld district . In the land register from 1537 the Wallburg was named "Borgh zu Schwalefeld". The approximately 6 hectare facility has a diameter of 300 meters. The dilapidated wall fronts and the gates of the inner and middle ring are still visible today.
In 1908 Heinrich Vogeler designed a summer house ("Stryckhaus") for a doctor friend and its interior in Art Nouveau style. He also spent numerous stays there himself. The building was partially changed into a hotel through additions and renovations.
In the center of Willingen is the Willinger Kurpark with a small pond. In the middle of the spa park is the spa garden hall, which can be used for various events.
The entire municipality is located in the southwest of the Diemelsee Nature Park , whose administrative headquarters are in Willingen. There are six nature reserves in the municipality : Kahle Pön near Usseln , Alter Hagen near Willingen , Jägers Weinberg , Osterkopf near Usseln , Grebensteine near Willingen and Grotenberg near Welleringhausen .
In the high areas of Willingen there are high heaths whose vegetation dates back to the last ice age . At that time the Willingen area belonged to the tundra . In contrast to the valleys, no forest developed in the high heaths in the following centuries, but traditional heather vegetation remained. Hochheide areas are among others on the peaks of Ettelsberg , Osterkopf , Kahler Pön and on Neuer Hagen . Much of these and other areas are under conservation .
The Willingen ski area is a network of several lifts and cable cars that belong to different owners.
The network includes the Ettelsberg cable car , an eight-person circulating gondola cable car that was built in 2007 and replaced the double chair lift that was built in 1971 and leads to the Ettelsberg . The valley station is at and the mountain station at , resulting in a 237 m difference in altitude. The cable car is 1,370 m long. It is the only cabin cable car in the Rothaargebirge and overcomes the greatest difference in altitude of all lifts and cable cars within the mountains.
The lift network also includes five bow tow lifts , a plate tow lift, a practice lift and two conveyor belts. The Hochheideturm has also been part of the lift network since the 2008/2009 winter season. There is also a plate drag lift and three conveyor belts in Willingen that are not part of the lift network.
Since the 2008/2009 winter season, seven kilometers of slopes and thus almost the entire ski area have been artificially snowed in the Willingen ski area; For this purpose, two hectares of forest have been cleared on the Ettelsberg since 2007, a 52,000 cubic meter storage pond was created next to the Hochheideturm, two pumping stations were built and eight kilometers of pipelines were laid to 50 permanently installed delivery points for snowmakers.
In addition to winter sports, other sports are also practiced in Willingen. The footballers of SC Willingen played in the Oberliga Hessen in the 1995/96 season and are currently (2016/17) in the association league .
International billiards competitions have already been held in Willingen several times , around 2002 and 2010 the world championship in Russian billiards , the European pool championship in 2008 and the junior world championship in 9-ball in 2012 . The Special Olympics Germany Winter Games 2017 took place there from March 6th to 9th, 2017 .
One of the largest events in Willingen is the annual FIS World Cup ski jumping from the Mühlenkopfschanze (up to 100,000 spectators over three days). Willingen has already been voted the most media-friendly ski jumping World Cup location several times. Around 35,000 spectators came to the annual mountain bike event Bike Festival Willingen am Ettelsberg in 2005. The Sauerland Bike Arena routes are in the vicinity . On June 16, 2018, the sixth “The Festival of Good Mood VIVA Willingen” took place, a summer and pop festival which, according to information from the organizer, attracted around 20,000 visitors. The "Schlager Stern" Willingen takes place annually in August. Since 2010, the Christian festival SPRING has been taking place in the town every year in the week after Easter, to which around 3,500 participants from various denominations travel each year.
Various Sauer and Upland dishes are offered in the municipality. The special Willinger specialties include the "Habermegger", a local pork sausage, the ski jumper salami and the Willinger Christinen stollen. The Willinger Landbier, the Willinger Pilsener and the Willinger Hefeweizen are drunk alongside other beers from the region.
Economy and Infrastructure
The community lives mainly from tourism . The first people looking for relaxation, so-called summer visitors , came to Willingen as early as 1895. A few years later, between 1900 and 1910, the first hotels were opened. Skiers were recorded from 1906. A tourist association was founded in 1924, seven years after the place was connected to the rail network. In 1934 Willingen was recognized as a climatic health resort . There were state subsidies for guest rooms in 1938/1939 in the form of an Uplandzimmer campaign . During the Second World War, the guest rooms were used as maternity homes and as a place to stay for evacuees from cities. From 1948 on, tourism continued to improve. Almost every house after 1950 offered rooms with running water. At the same time, the public and private tourist infrastructure continued to develop . In the 1950s there were twelve hotels with 1,500 beds and 127 guest houses . 365,000 overnight stays were counted.
In 2006 the number of accommodations increased to around 400 with around 10,000 guest beds. The number of overnight stays was 1.2 million. Two years later, the overnight stays had dropped to 936,346. Compared to other North Hessian holiday resorts, there were only higher numbers of overnight stays in Bad Wildungen . In terms of tourism intensity, Willingen is at the forefront of the state of Hesse and is one of the five most overnight climatic health resorts in Germany. As a result of tourism, the share of employees in the service sector is 76.14%.
In addition to winter sports, party tourism plays a significant role today. There is also a wildlife and leisure park in Willingen . It consists of a game reserve , in which birds of prey are also shown . Dinosaur models are exhibited in a dinosaur park, and there is also a fairy tale forest, in which 26 fairy tales for children are themed.
Hiking tourism is also important for Willingen. The Uplandsteig was set up especially for this , a 64 km long hiking trail that leads around Willingen through all districts. The success and popularity of the Uplandsteig played a key role in the 109th German Hiking Day taking place in Willingen in 2009 .
Willingen is on the Uplandbahn ( railway line Wabern – Brilon Wald ). The trains run every two hours from Brilon Stadt via Brilon Wald and Korbach to Marburg (Lahn). In Brilon there are connections to the Ruhr area and Paderborn (express bus), in Korbach and Marburg there are train connections to Kassel and Frankfurt . In the afternoon, there will be a more frequent cycle, and a continuous hourly cycle is planned for the future.
It is also located in Willingen on the B 251 , which connects Kassel with Brilon. The Hessian long-distance cycle route R5 , which runs from the north-west of Hesse to Wanfried in the north-east of the country, leads through it.
There is a primary school in the Usseln district. With the Uplandschule, the core town has a cooperative comprehensive school in which elementary, secondary and secondary schools as well as a grammar school including upper level are combined. As a sports center, the school specializes in Nordic skiing . An upland school was founded in 1946 as a higher private school in Willingen . It was not until 1957 to 1959 that the facility was expanded to become a full school as a mathematical and scientific grammar school . Until 2004, the secondary and secondary schools on the one hand and the grammar school on the other were independent schools.
There is a public library in the Schwalefeld district.
Anton Heller was granted honorary citizenship in 1923. He had supported the building of the school and helped citizens in need.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Walter Heinemeyer (* 1912; † 2001), historian and archivist, born in Eimelrod
- Lothar Spree (* 1942; † 2013), film director, author and lecturer
- Dieter Glietsch (* 1947), State Secretary for Refugee Issues, Police President a. D. in Berlin
- Inga Schneider (* 1968), former biathlete
- Stephan Leyhe (* 1992), ski jumper
- Heinrich Stremme (* 1884; † 1933) was a German farmer and politician (Landbund), mayor of Willingen from 1920 to 1933
Personalities who have worked on site
- Carl Weidemeyer (* 1882; † 1976), architect, lived in Willingen for some time
- Jochen Behle (* 1960), former cross-country skier and national trainer in cross-country skiing, lives in the Schwalefeld district and started for SC Willingen
- Tobias Lindner (* 1961), former biathlete, grew up in Willingen and started for SC Willingen
- Klaus Huber (* 1968), former ski jumper , ski jumping head coach at SC Willingen
- Petra Behle (* 1969), former biathlete, started for SC Willingen
- Stephanie Müller (* 1985), former biathlete, lives in Willingen and started for SC Willingen
- Nadine Horchler (* 1986), biathlete, starts for SC Willingen
- Anna Häfele (* 1989), ski jumper, started for SC Willingen
- Wilhelm Schwaner: The upland book . Publishing house Waldeck, Rattlar near Willingen 1931, DNB 362553440 .
- Rudolf Dalski: St. Augustine, Willingen . Libertas-Verlag für Kirche und Heimat Baum, Wiesbaden 1966, DNB 456311068 .
- Wilhelm Kesper-Wiesemann (Low German): Willjen, biu et fräier was = Willingen - as it used to be . Bing, Korbach 1978, DNB 831219874 .
- Adolf Welteke: Willingen in old views . European Library, Zaltbommel / Netherlands 1978, DNB 780237897 .
- Diether Pöppel: Willingen and its churches through the centuries . Bing, Korbach 1997, DNB 949736430 .
- 600 years of Willingen and Schwalefeld: 1380–1980 . Municipality of Willingen (Upland), 1980, DNB 942668960 .
- Günter Göge: The Mühlenkopfschanze and its heroes. The history of ski jumping from Lehnert to Hannawald . Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2003, ISBN 3-8313-1069-6 .
- Louis Curtze: The Principality of Waldeck . 1985.
- Else Stremme and Fritz Kesper: Willingen . Arolsen: Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein 1994 (= Waldeckische Ortssippenbücher 50); Worked period 1644–1990, 1189 families
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- Topographic map 1: 25,000
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- From the history of the Uplandbahn , Ettelsberg-Post, p. 22 ff, no. 565, October / November 2007
- Willi Mues: The large cauldron. A documentary about the end of the Second World War between Lippe and Ruhr / Sieg and Lenne . Erwitte 1984. p. 64
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- Law on the reorganization of the districts of Frankenberg and Waldeck (GVBl. II 330-23) of October 4, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 359 , § 3 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
- Wilhelm Benkert: Economic geographic conditions, population density and settlement studies of the Ederkopf-Winterberger platform. Diss. Marburg, 1911 P. 78, Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. eisenberg.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
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- Pasta from the sacristy
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