|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||kassel|
|Height :||427 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||57.29 km 2|
|Residents:||2902 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||51 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||06455|
|License plate :||KB, FKB, WA|
|Community key :||06 6 35 010|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
|Ehlingshäuser Str. 1
|Mayor :||Björn Brede ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Frankenau in the Waldeck-Frankenberg district|
Frankenau is located in the Kellerwald southwest of the Talgang mountain . It is located on the southern edge of the Kellerwald-Edersee National Park at the origin and upper reaches of the Eder tributary Lorfe (Lorfebach).
The annual precipitation is 733 mm and is therefore comparatively normal, as it falls in the middle third of the values recorded in Germany. Lower values are registered at 48% of the German Weather Service's measuring stations . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June. In June there is 1.5 times more rainfall than in February. Precipitation varies only minimally and is extremely evenly distributed over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at only two percent of the measuring stations.
Frankenau borders in the north on the municipality of Vöhl , in the east on the municipality Edertal and the city of Bad Wildungen , in the south on the municipality Haina , and in the west on the city of Frankenberg (all in the Waldeck-Frankenberg district).
The development of Frankenau and the neighboring town of Frankenberg probably goes back to the Franconian period . The settlement of the area took place through the chats . The actual place Frankenau is said to have been built as a border fortress against the Saxons . Assumptions are based on a foundation around 500 AD or 750 AD. Frankenau probably received city rights in 1242 from Heinrich Raspe , Landgrave of Thuringia. The oldest existing document about Frankenau was issued on April 4, 1266 by Landgrave Heinrich I and contains the confirmation of the granting of city rights.
Frankenau was a poor agricultural town for centuries . A particularly severe blow of fate befell the residents on April 22, 1865, when almost the entire city fell victim to a fire. Due to the enormous achievements of the residents at that time, the place could be rebuilt.
Today, Frankenau, as a recognized resort, is one of the holiday centers in the Waldeck-Frankenberg district, the gateway to the Kellerwald-Edersee National Park and the main town of the Frankenau community, which has existed since the early 1970s.
Jewish residents are documented for the first time in 1659, when a "protective Jew" with two family members was declared. In 1671 a second Jewish family was registered on the spot. Gradual growth began in the 18th century, and in 1785 seven "Guardian Jews" are named. The Jewish community was never very large: it peaked in 1905 with 70 people, or 7.1% of the total population of 980. The small community had a synagogue , a Jewish school, a ritual bath and a cemetery . The synagogue was built in 1867 after the great fire of 1865.
In 1933 there were 65 Jewish residents in the city. After that, their number quickly decreased due to emigration and emigration. The last family left Frankenau on March 28, 1939. In 1938 it was foreseeable that a kehillah would soon no longer meet to hold church services , and in the spring or summer of 1938 the synagogue was sold to a neighbor. The building was finally demolished due to sponge infestation. The base with the basement was still there in 1949. A new building was later erected on the property (Rieschstrasse 6).
On June 17, 1992, on the occasion of the 750th anniversary of the granting of city rights, a memorial stone for the murdered and displaced Jewish residents was erected on the property line between the former synagogue and the Protestant church.
In the course of administrative reform in Hesse were voluntarily incorporated : On February 1, 1971, until then independent municipality Allendorf. Louisendorf was added on December 31, 1971. Altenlotheim and Ellershausen followed on July 1, 1972. The series of incorporations was completed with the incorporation of Dainrode on January 1, 1974 by virtue of state law. Local districts with local advisory councils and local councilors were set up for all formerly independent communities .
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1577:||115 households|
|• 1747:||145 households|
|Frankenau: Population from 1834 to 2015|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1972 :; 1977 :; 1984 :; 1992 :; 2000, 2015 :; 2010 :;
The figures from 1970 onwards contain the places incorporated into Hesse as part of the regional reform .
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1885:||939 Protestant (= 94.37%), 2 Catholic (= 0.20%), 54 Jewish (= 5.43%) residents|
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||55.0||8th||55.9||13||56.0||13||50.1||12|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||13.4||2||13.7||3||19.4||4th||-||-|
|PIRATES||Pirate Party Germany||3.7||1||2.7||1||-||-||-||-|
|BF||Frankenau Citizens' Alliance||-||-||-||-||-||-||20.2||4th|
|Voter turnout in%||56.6||58.7||51.7||62.1|
Mayor Björn Brede was re-elected in July 2015.
- Richard Huelsenbeck (1892–1974), writer, poet, essayist, playwright, doctor and psychoanalyst, born in Frankenau
- Jakob Hesse (1881–1966), German bricklayer and member of parliament (USPD), born in Frankenau
- Georg Dehio: Handbook of the German art monuments. Hessen I, administrative districts of Gießen and Kassel, founded on the Day of the Preservation of Monuments in 1900, continued by Ernst Gall, edited by Folkhard Cremer, Tobias Michael Wolf and others, 2008, Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin, ISBN 978-3-422-03092-3
- Erich Keyser: Hessisches Städtebuch , Stuttgart 1957. pp. 117–118.
- Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hessen. 800 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , p. 142.
- Literature about Frankenau in the Hessian Bibliography
- Frankenau, municipality, Waldeck-Frankenberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Frankenau, Waldeck-Frankenberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Link catalog on the subject of Frankenau at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Municipal reform: mergers and integration of municipalities from January 20, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 6 , p. 248 , para. 8 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.2 MB ]).
- Municipal reform in Hesse: mergers and integrations of municipalities from June 21, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 28 , p. 1197 , item 851; 2. Para. 10. ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 4.4 MB ]).
- Law on the reorganization of the districts of Frankenberg and Waldeck (GVBl. II 330-23) of October 4, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 359 , § 7 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 389-390 .
- main statute. (PDF; 175 kB) §; 5. In: Website. Frankenau community, accessed March 2019 .
- Frankenau, Waldeck-Frankenberg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of October 16, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
- Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No. 52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
- Local elections 1985; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 30, 1984 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1984 No. 46 , p. 2175 , point 1104 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
- local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No. 44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
- Community: Raunheim. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH
- The population of the Hessian municipalities on June 30, 2010. (PDF; 552 kB) Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, p. 58 , archived from the original on February 7, 2018 ; accessed in November 2018 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Frankenaus mayor Björn Brede re-elected. In: Portal der Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine (HNA) from July 15, 2015.