Köhler attended the royal high school "Zur Himmelspforte" in Erfurt. It was followed by the study of economics and political science in Marburg , Berlin , Leipzig and Kiel . After participating in the First World War from 1914 to 1918, Köhler was awarded a Dr. sc. pol. doctorate on the subject of relations between Thuringian industry and the world market . From 1919 to 1933 Köhler was managing director of employers' associations in Kiel. He was politically active in the DVP . After 1933 he was discriminated against because of his marriage to Helene Freund, a Jew. He was fired on September 11, 1933, his wife's birthday. Only in the winter of 1939/40 did he find another job as an insurance agent. In September 1943 he and his wife had to vacate the apartment due to the law on renting out . His wife was forced to work in a printing company. In January 1945 he was threatened with imprisonment in a concentration camp.
In 1945 Köhler, after the war chief executive of the Wiesbaden Chamber of Industry and Commerce , co-founded the CDU. From 1946 he led their faction in the appointed advisory state committee , the constitution advisory state assembly (Greater Hesse) and the Hessian state parliament , at the same time he was a member of the economic council of the Bizone , of which he was also president.
In 1949 he was elected to the first German Bundestag for the constituency of Wiesbaden , where he held the office of first Bundestag President until 1950. He was elected into this with a majority of 346 out of 402 votes. In his inaugural address, Köhler said: "We want to serve the poor and needy, we should keep the selfish in check and we want to protect the weak from the strong."
However, Köhler soon encountered severe criticism in his administration; there was even a vote of no confidence. After Köhler suffered a nervous breakdown in the Federal Palace, he also lost the support of his own parliamentary group . On October 18, 1950, Köhler resigned from the office of President of the Bundestag.
His successor was Hermann Ehlers . Köhler was a member of the first Bundestag committee for economic policy, money and credit and the special committee for the London debt agreement . In 1951/1952 he was the deputy chairman of the “Parliamentary Committee of Inquiry to examine whether abuses in the Foreign Service were caused by personnel policy”.
In 1953 Köhler was also elected to the second German Bundestag in the constituency of Obertaunuskreis . In 1957, he decided not to run again for health reasons. In the same year Köhler was awarded the Great Federal Cross of Merit with a star and shoulder ribbon.
- Michael F. Feldkamp : The noble, but sick president. Erich Köhler (1949–50). He was not up to the spirited atmosphere of the 1st Bundestag. In: Das Parlament , No. 51/52, December 20, 2010, p. 9.
- Jochen Lengemann : The Hessen Parliament 1946–1986 . Biographical handbook of the advisory state committee, the state assembly advising the constitution and the Hessian state parliament (1st – 11th electoral period). Ed .: President of the Hessian State Parliament. Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1986, ISBN 3-458-14330-0 , p. 304–305 ( hessen.de [PDF; 12.4 MB ]).
- Jochen Lengemann: MdL Hessen. 1808-1996. Biographical index (= political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse. Vol. 14 = publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. Vol. 48, 7). Elwert, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-7708-1071-6 , p. 220.
- Bernhard Parisius , Jutta Scholl-Seibert (edit.): "... towards democracy." The minutes of the regional advisory committee of Greater Hesse in 1946. Documentation. Wiesbaden 1999, ISBN 3-930221-05-5 , pp. 38-39.
- Steffen Raßloff : The first President of the Bundestag. Erich Köhler and Erfurt. In: Thüringer Allgemeine , June 21, 2014 ( article at erfurt-web.de ).
- Literature by and about Erich Köhler in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Erich Köhler in the German Digital Library
- Irmgard Zündorf: Erich Koehler. Tabular curriculum vitae in the LeMO ( DHM and HdG )
- Koehler, Erich. Hessian biography. (As of November 27, 2019). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Newspaper article about Erich Köhler in the 20th century press kit of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- For example, Hans Baumgarten: Disordered parliamentary work. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , December 9, 1949, p. 2.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (DVP, CDU), MdL|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 27, 1892|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Erfurt|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 23, 1958|
|Place of death||Wiesbaden|