The IHK Wiesbaden is the chamber of industry and commerce for the cities of Wiesbaden and Hochheim am Main , as well as for the Rheingau-Taunus district (17 cities and municipalities). It was founded in 1865 and meanwhile around 37,000 companies from the region belong to it, around a third of which are registered in the commercial register.
The constituent meeting took place on February 11, 1865. In 1872 an office was opened in the secretary's apartment. In 1905 the office building in Adelheidstrasse was inaugurated.
From 1924 the institution was called the Chamber of Industry and Commerce and merged in 1936 to form the Hesse Chamber of Commerce . In 1943 the Gau Chamber of Commerce Rhein-Main was founded . In 1944 the chamber building was destroyed in an air raid.
On January 10, 1946, the state government formally decreed the abolition of the Gau economic chambers in Hesse and the restoration of the law of 1933. The minister of economics and transport was to oversee the chambers . These regulations met with the contradiction of the American occupying power: They saw the public law position of the chambers as an important instrument for steering the economy during the National Socialist era . In implementing the American demands, the state government therefore decreed the performance of public law tasks in May 1946 and ordered the chambers to continue as private law associations without compulsory membership. The final regulations for the Chamber, its competencies and its election were laid down in a circular of December 5, 1846. The consequence of the discontinuation of compulsory membership was the withdrawal of a larger number of small businesses. The larger chambers lost up to 50% of the members, the smaller between seven and fifteen percent.
With the occupation statute in 1949, the Federal Republic regained a good part of its sovereignty. Apart from Bavaria and Hesse, the states of the American occupation zone now returned to the model of public chambers (in the British and French zones this was the case immediately after the war). The SPD -governed Hessen had completely different plans: According to the government's will, the IHKs were to be dissolved and replaced by chambers of commerce. These should be filled equally by employers and employees. The employer representatives should be nominated by the trade associations and the employee representatives by the trade unions. However, these plans were not implemented because a nationwide regulation was made instead.
With the entry into force of the " Act on the Provisional Regulation of the Law of Chambers of Commerce and Industry " on December 22, 1956, the chambers are once again incorporated into public law corporations. The advisory board of a chamber is now called the "plenary assembly".
The new chamber building in the Hereditary Prince's Palace was inaugurated on June 23, 1971.
At the head of the Wiesbaden Chamber of Commerce and Industry are the (honorary) President Christian Gastl (since 2014) and the General Manager Sabine Meder (since January 1, 2019). The presidium also consists of five vice-presidents who, like the president and the general manager, are elected by the general assembly. The general assembly consists of 63 representatives from the 36,000 companies in the IHK district.
The IHK Wiesbaden is part of the network of the IHK organization with 79 independent IHKs in Germany. The umbrella organization is the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DIHK) based in Berlin and Brussels. The foreign trade relations of German companies promote around 120 chambers of commerce abroad, delegate offices and representative offices of the German economy in more than 80 countries worldwide. The IHK Wiesbaden has merged with the nine other Hessian chambers of industry and commerce to form the IHK Arbeitsgemeinschaft Hessen in order to solve overarching questions together. This includes, above all, the submission of statements on economic policy issues to the Hessian state government.
The Wiesbaden Chamber of Commerce and Industry is based in the Hereditary Prince Palace on Wilhelmstrasse in Wiesbaden. The classicist building was built in 1813 and was originally intended to serve as the residence of the Hereditary Prince Wilhelm of Nassau . However, since his father died in 1816, Wilhelm moved to his residence in Biebrich Castle.
It was not until 1821 that the Herzoglich Nassauische Bibliothek moved into the Erbprinzenpalais, followed by the tax office and finally the accounting chamber. In 1829 a museum for the Natural History Association was set up in the large ballroom.
When the library and museum moved into their new buildings on Friedrich-Ebert-Allee and Rheinstraße in 1913, the Erbprinzenpalais was used as the municipal authority building and was popularly known as the “Old Museum”.
After the Second World War, the Hessian state government rented the building from the city for the Ministry of Justice . With the relocation of the regional council to Darmstadt, its buildings became vacant for the Hessian Ministry of Justice.
In 1968 the Wiesbaden Chamber of Commerce and Industry bought the building for 1.2 million DM and renovated it for 5.2 million DM.
The three main tasks of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry are advising companies, representing political interests and fulfilling state tasks in the hands of the economy.
The IHK is committed to better local conditions, performs numerous legal tasks and supports companies with a wide variety of services. It acts as a critical partner in politics, as an independent lawyer for the market and as a customer-oriented service provider for the economy.
The spectrum of fields of activity ranges from advising public administration and legislative bodies to expert opinions for the courts, from responsibility for commercial and industrial vocational training and continuing education to individual company support.
As a self-governing body and representative of the interests of the economy, the IHK communicates the interests of the member companies to the public and influences legislative and administrative procedures - from the community to the EU - through statements.
The content-related work of the IHK Wiesbaden is divided into the business areas:
- Economic policy
The Hessian economy
The Hessian Economy is the IHK magazine of the Wiesbaden Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The IHK Wiesbaden uses it to inform its member companies about regional and national economic events. The print edition appears six times a year on the 5th of the month. The print run is 15,000 copies.
- Theodor Dilthey (1865–1867)
- Carl August Lotichius (1867–1882)
- Karl Glaser (1882–1887)
- Rudolph Koepp (1888-1897)
- Franz Fehr-Flach (1897–1920)
- Adolf Haeuser (1921–1924)
- Carl Mertz (1924–1925)
- Hugo Asbach (1925 to 1933)
- Hermann Schulze (1933–1939)
- Karl Henkell (1939–1944)
- Heinrich Anderhub (1944–1945)
- August Amann (1945–1947)
- Siegfried Erbslöh (1947–1954)
- Hans Dyckerhoff (1954–1967)
- Diether Hummel (1967–1985)
- Udo Passavant (1985–1990)
- Gerd Henneveld (1990–1994)
- Gerd Eckelmann (1994-2014)
- Christian Gastl (2014-)
- Erich Köhler , General Manager after 1945
- Werner Artelt, General Manager
- Heinrich Plass, General Manager to
- Zsolt Gheczy, General Manager until 2003
- Joachim Nolde, Managing Director 2003–2018
- Sabine Meder, General Manager since 2019
- HWA Abt. 9, No. 56; Greater Hesse State Ministry to the Chambers of Industry, Commerce and Crafts of the State of Greater Hesse, January 10, 1946
- HWA Abt. 9, No. 56; Circular decree of the Greater Hesse State Ministry to the Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the State of Hesse, May 9, 1946
- HWA Abt. 9, Nr. 37; Circular decree of the Greater Hesse State Ministry on the reorganization of the Hesse Chamber of Commerce and Industry, December 5, 1946
- HWA Abt. 9, No. 58; Draft law on the formation of chambers of commerce (Chamber of Commerce Act) of July 18, 1951
- Ulrich Eisenbach: Between commercial interest representation and public law mandate; in: Helmut Berding (Ed.): 125 years of the Giessen Chamber of Commerce and Industry: Economy in one region. Hessian economic archive. Darmstadt 1997, ISBN 3-9804506-1-9 , pp. 5-43.