Federal Office for Civil Protection (Germany)

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Federal President Karl Carstens at the event "25 Years of the Federal Office for Civil Protection", 1983
Interior Minister Wolfgang Schäuble (center) visits the BZS. Next to it, the head of the department at the time, Hans Georg Dusch (right), 1989.

The Federal Office for Civil Protection ( BZS ) was the predecessor authority of the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Aid (BBK) , which existed until 2000 .

The BZS was established in 1973 with its seat in Bonn-Bad Godesberg by renaming from the Federal Office for Civilian Civil Protection (BzB) , which in turn arose in 1957 from the Air Protection subdivision established in 1952 in the Federal Ministry of the Interior . The BzB was the first German federal authority for the civil - and civil protection .

Due to austerity measures, the BZS was incorporated into the Federal Administration Office on January 1, 2001 as the Central Office for Civil Protection (ZfZ) .

In particular, the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 , but also the lack of coordination of the flood situation on the Oder and Elbe, made it necessary to strengthen civil protection in the Federal Republic and to coordinate it in a more targeted manner. Therefore, the ZfZ was dissolved again in 2004 and a new higher federal authority called the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Aid (BBK) was created.

The Technical Relief Organization (THW) was affiliated to the BZS until 1994 and the government bunker (former alternative seat of the federal constitutional organs) and the federal civil protection school and the academy for emergency planning and civil defense were affiliated with the BZS .

In addition, ten warning offices were subordinate to the BZS . a. were responsible for the ODL measuring network with over 2100 probes for measuring environmental radioactivity. The measuring network was taken over by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection on July 1, 1997 .

Due to the four-power agreement , the BZS was not allowed to operate in West Berlin during the division of Germany. Therefore an independent society for civil protection (GZS) was founded there. But this was regulated by state law.

The first president of the Federal Office for Civilian Protection was Rudolf Schmidt . This was followed by Paul Wilhelm Kolb , Hans Georg Dusch and, from 1996, Helmut Schuch .

Web links

Commons : Federal Office for Civil Protection (Germany)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ BfS , Institute for Atmospheric Radioactivity, Annual Report 1997, pages 77/78. (PDF; 83 kB) Archived from the original on April 19, 2014 ; accessed on January 21, 2016 .
  2. ^ Commemorative publication for the tenth anniversary of the Donnerskopf Scout Center. Association of Christian Scouts and Scouts - State of Hesse, accessed on January 21, 2016 .
  3. 50 years of civil protection