Secret Council College (Brandenburg-Prussia)

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The Secret Council College , Privy Council of State or Privy Council was established in Kurbrandenburg in 1604 . It replaced the chamber government that had ruled until then . With the Secret Council Regulations of December 13, 1604, Elector Joachim Friedrich created a central authority that advised the Elector and also represented him when he was absent. It was chaired by a Chancellor who the bureaucrats recited the problem, after all councils have expressed their views. The result of the meeting was recorded in writing and presented to the elector.

The first reform took place in 1651 under the Elector Friedrich Wilhelm . From now on, the elector decided on the subjects, which meant that foreign policy or war policy issues were rarely discussed. At the same time the bureaucracy was enlarged; 19 departments have been introduced, which are managed by 10 council members, i. H. two departments each. The General War Commissariat was founded in 1660, and in 1712 its competencies were expanded from the tax administration to include economic policy.

The Secret Court Chamber was founded in 1689 to manage non-taxable income, and in 1713 the General Finance Directorate took over this task. In 1723, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I reformed the council again and further curtailed its powers. Instead, the General-Ober-Finanz-Kriegs- und Domainen -directory should take over the management. Only church and school administration remained for the privy councilor. In 1808 the council was dissolved with the introduction of the ministerial constitution in Prussia.

As a result, the Prussian State Council acted as the king's advisory body from 1817 to 1918 .

List of Privy Councilors of State

Under Joachim Friedrich (1605–1608)

Under Johann Sigismund (1608–1619)

Under Georg Wilhelm (1619–1640)

Under Friedrich Wilhelm (1640–1688)

Friedrich III. (1688-1713)

Under Friedrich Wilhelm I (1713–1740)

Under Frederick II (1740–1786)

Under Friedrich Wilhelm II. (1786–1797)

Friedrich Wilhelm III. (1797-1804)

See also


  • Eberhard Laux, Karl Teppe, Freiherr-vom-Stein-Gesellschaft: The modern state and its administration. 1998, p. 18ff
  • Joachim Tauber, Tobias Weger : Archive guide on the history of the Memel area and German-Lithuanian relations. 2006, pp. 36-37
  • Christian August Ludwig Klaproth, Immanuel Karl Wilhelm Cosmar: The royal. Prussian and Churfürstl. Brandenburg Really Secret State Council on its bicentenary foundation day on January 5th, 1805. Berlin 1805, ( digitized version )
  • Friedrich Ludwig Joseph Fischbach : Historical political, geographical, statistical and military contributions, concerning the Royal Prussian and neighboring states. 2nd part, 2nd volume. Johann Friedrich Unger, Berlin 1783, p. 490ff. ( Digitized ) List of councils from 1640 to 1739.
  • Johann David Erdmann Preuss : Friedrich the Great: A life story. Volume 4, Berlin 1834, p. 461ff. ( Digitized version ) The early councils.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Leopold von Zedlitz-Neukirch : New Prussian Adels Lexicon , Volume 2, Leipzig 1838, p. 308.