Trastevere (from Latin trans Tiberim "across the Tiber") is the XIII. Rione (district) of Rome . It stretches from the southern knee of the Tiber to the Gianicolo hill on the right, western bank of the Tiber and is considered the most pristine and authentic district of the city. The correct emphasis of the name is on the second syllable in Latin and Italian: Trans Tí berim, Tras té vere.
A disproportionately large number of old residential buildings and narrow streets make this old part of the city, which is opposite most of the quarters of the historic city center of Rome on the right bank of the Tiber, a picturesque magnet for tourists and photographers. Old church buildings such as Sant'Egidio in Trastevere , Santa Maria in Trastevere , San Pietro in Montorio , Santa Cecilia in Trastevere and San Francesco a Ripa can be found there. In Trastevere there is also a high density of restaurants and cultural offerings.
Well known and a popular destination for locals and tourists at the same time is the Porta Portese flea market , which takes its name from its starting point, Porta Portese, which still belongs to Trastevere. It takes place every Sunday from the early morning hours until 2 p.m. Various departments of the Roman Curia have their seat in Trastevere , such as B. the Pontifical Council for the Laity . The church of Santa Maria in Trastevere has been a Roman titular church since the 12th century .
Trastevere was one of the working-class neighborhoods in ancient Rome. It was the quarter of foreigners and marginalized groups. At first, many Jews lived there , which was reflected in the fact that there were once ten synagogues here. The first Christians of Rome also settled here. Some of the most important early Christian basilicas are in Trastevere.
Throughout history, Trastevere has remained the international district of Rome. Immigrants came to this area because it was cheaper than other parts of the city. Some also call Trastevere the village within the city . During the revolt in Rome against the papacy in 1849 , Trastevere was the stronghold of the rebels, of which the long-established residents are still proud today. Trastevere has been severely affected by gentrification since the 1970s and has been increasingly developed as an “insider tip” for tourists.
The actor Alberto Sordi was born here.
- Filippo Coarelli : Rome. An archaeological guide. Verlag von Zabern, Mainz 2000, ISBN 3-8053-2685-8 , pp. 332–334, 338–340.
- Carlo Pietrangeli, Insegne e Stemmi dei rioni di Roma (PDF) in: Capitol. Rassegna di attività municipali , anno XXVIII, n.6, Roma, Tumminelli. Istituto Romano di Arti Grafiche 1953.