Rome Ciampino Airport

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Aeroporto di Roma-Ciampino “Giovan Battista Pastine”
Aeroporti di Roma Logo.svg
Rome Airport Rome-Ciampino 2008 by-RaBoe-01.jpg

41 ° 47 '58 "  N , 12 ° 35' 42"  E Coordinates: 41 ° 47 '58 "  N , 12 ° 35' 42"  E

Height above MSL 130 m (427  ft )
Transport links
Distance from the city center 15 km southeast of Rome
Street A90 SS7 E80
Local transport bus
Basic data
opening 1916
operator Aeroporti di Roma
surface 228 hectares
Terminals 2
Passengers 5,879,496 (2019)
Air freight 18,447.6 t (2019)
52,253 (2019)
Start-and runway
15/33 2207 m × 47 m asphalt

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The Rome-Ciampino Airport ( IATA : CIA , ICAO : LIRA ; ital. : Aeroporto di Roma-Ciampino "Giovan Battista Pastine" ) is by Rome-Fiumicino is the smaller of the two international airports in the Italian capital Rome . The airport operated by Aeroporti di Roma is primarily used by low-cost airlines and general aviation . As a government airport, it also has a military part .

Location and transport links

The airport is 15 km southeast of the city center of Rome on the border with the neighboring city of Ciampino , three kilometers from the Roman motorway ring (A 90 / E 80 ) on the Via Appia Nuova (SS 7) towards Castel Gandolfo . Various shuttle buses connect the airport with the Rome-Termini train station in the city center, with the Ciampino train station and with the nearest metro stations Anagnina  (line A) and Laurentina  (B).

Infrastructure and use

Since the airport only has a relatively short runway (15/33) , around 2200 meters long, running in north-south direction , Ciampino is mainly served by medium-haul and business aircraft. Terminals and aprons are to the west of the runway.

Central area

The passenger terminal for commercial scheduled and charter flights ( ), consisting of an old and a new building, is located on the central access road on an area of ​​around 20,000 m² . It meets the standards of low-cost air travel. The departure and arrival areas on one level are each aligned with flights inside and outside the Schengen area . In the departure area, the gates with the letter A are reserved for the Schengen area, the B gates for all other destinations. The arrival area has separate entrances on the apron side for passengers from the Schengen area and those from outside. Aircraft parked directly in front of the terminal building usually reach and leave the passengers on foot via the apron, otherwise by bus.

The main users of scheduled flights are the low-cost airlines Ryanair and Wizz Air , which serve numerous European destinations from Ciampino. From the German-speaking area, Ciampino is currently served by Berlin-Schönefeld , Frankfurt-Hahn , Karlsruhe / Baden-Baden , Cologne / Bonn , Nuremberg and Weeze . easyJet suspended its last routes to and from Rome-Ciampino in favor of Rome-Fiumicino at the end of October 2011. In addition to Ciampino, Ryanair also flies to Fiumicino.

Southern area

A general aviation terminal for general aviation ( ) is located on the south side of the central access road on almost 1,900 m² . There are numerous parking spaces for business aircraft on the southern apron area. Light aircraft mainly use the Rome-Urbe airfield or smaller airfields in the vicinity of Rome.

Along the southern apron are various hangars and other buildings that serve different purposes. This sector use, among other courier express parcel services and cargo airlines like UPS Airlines , DHL Aviation , or TNT Express , air taxi undertakings incinerating or the fire department , especially for their firefighting aircraft type Canadair CL-415 , as well as other government organizations.

Military part

The military part of the airport begins north of the central access road. The Italian Air Force maintains a small VIP terminal there, where government flights are handled ( ). The apron in front of it is partly used by civil passenger aircraft. In the far north-west is the separate apron with two maintenance hangars and other facilities for flight readiness of the Italian Air Force ( 31º Stormo ) and (on separate ground) a district control point of the Italian air traffic control ENAV . Other military facilities are on the other side of the runway, including former handling facilities in the northeast and a barracks for an Air Force pioneer unit in the southeast.


From the origins to the Second World War

Shortly before the First World War , the commander of the Italian air force , Maurizio Moris , recommended the establishment of a military airfield for airships near Ciampino. Reasons for the recommendation were the generally favorable climatic conditions over the then largely uninhabited plain around the hamlet of Ciampino as well as the good transport connections via the Via Appia Nuova and the Ciampino stop on the Rome-Frascati railway line .

At that time, private investors began planning a new garden city immediately south of the Ciampino train station. Several roads should lead from the new town center into the surrounding area and one of them should connect the new settlement with the Via Appia Nuova . This main road led straight through the airfield intended by the military. The relatively limited space required by the two sides at the time enabled an amicable agreement and so the new military airfield was opened in 1916 north of the street mentioned. He was named after the recently fallen aeronaut Giovan Battista Pastine. The new airfield was initially used by airships of the Italian Navy .

In 1924, the Italian Air Force opened a second military airfield south of the road and named it after the test pilot Luigi Sella, who died in 1921 . While the airships remained in Ciampino-North, military aircraft of various types were stationed in Ciampino-South.

In 1926 Umberto Nobile took off from Ciampino-Nord on the famous airship Norge for a flight over the North Pole . Two years later, when another Nobiles flight to the North Pole failed ingloriously, the airship era ended in Ciampino-Nord. In 1930 the flight of the helicopter developed by the engineer Corradino D'Ascanio caused a sensation in Ciampino-Nord . In the years that followed, bomber formations were stationed in Ciampino-North and fighter squadrons in Ciampino-South. Many soldiers lived with their families in the new garden city, which, including various scattered settlements, had a population of around 2,500.

During the Second World War , Ciampino and its two airfields were largely destroyed by Allied bombers between July 1943 and May 1944. Then the Americans made a makeshift repair of the airfields and combined them to form a closed airport area, which interrupted the aforementioned road from Ciampino to Via Appia Nuova .

Development after the Second World War

In 1947 it was returned to the Italian military, which, as in the 1930s, allowed civilian use of the airport. In the first post-war period, Ciampino became the central commercial airport of Rome, as the planned expansion of the Rome-Urbe airport could not be carried out for urban planning reasons. Because of the jubilee year 1950 proclaimed by the Catholic Church and the associated higher volume of traffic, a new runway was built in Ciampino. The more important airport facilities to the west of the new concrete runway were called Ciampino-West, while smaller facilities on the other side of the runway were called Ciampino-East. The 1950s were the “golden times” of the airport: countless celebrities from Europe and North America were welcomed and bid farewell to great media coverage. Between 1955 and 1960, the annual number of passengers doubled from just under one to around two million. This made Rome Ciampino one of the most important airports in Europe.

This positive development ended abruptly at the beginning of 1961 with the opening of the new Rome Fiumicino airport. In the 1960s the number of passengers in Ciampino tended towards zero, and in the following three decades up to the turn of the millennium it moved between 500,000 and one million annually. The Rome Ciampino airport was only served by a few charter and regional airlines as well as by general aviation at this time, otherwise it served as a government airport and other military purposes. The eastern part of the airport was largely abandoned. Ciampino remained a military airfield open to civilian air traffic, the operation of the civilian part (and the Rome-Fiumicino airport) was left to the Aeroporti di Roma company in 1974 . A special event for the airport and the city of Rome was the short visit of the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft NASA 905 with the Space Shuttle Enterprise on its back on June 1 and 2, 1983; Considering the relatively short runway in Ciampino, this was a remarkable flying achievement by NASA test pilot Joe Algranti and his crew.

Development after the turn of the millennium

In 1951 the garden city Ciampino had around 5,500 inhabitants, ten years later it was already over 12,000. In the following two decades there was a partly unregulated building boom in Ciampino, which completely changed the original character of the place. Because of the low air traffic, there was initially little potential for conflict between the expanding settlements and the airport; on the contrary, it was considered an attraction for many.

When, at the turn of the millennium, various low-cost airlines helped the relatively small airport to generate enormous traffic growth, protests began in the city of Ciampino, which now has almost 40,000 inhabitants , because of the aircraft noise . After modernizing and expanding the long-neglected passenger terminal in 2005 and 2006, the Italian government reduced the number of maximum daily flight movements of commercial airliners from 138 to 100 at the end of 2007. In addition, they wanted the Viterbo military airfield, about 100 km north of Rome, to be the third Expand Rome's commercial airport and relocate low-cost air traffic there. This project was abandoned at the beginning of 2013, also because Ryanair threatened to no longer fly to the Lazio region . After easyJet had given up a new business model according to Ciampino in favor of Fiumicino in 2011, Ryanair also opened a base in Fiumicino in 2014, but did not give up the base in Ciampino.

In 2013, the Italian Air Force handed over Rome Ciampino Airport (with the exception of the aforementioned military part) to the civil aviation authority ENAC . The control tower was also taken over by civilian air traffic controllers. In 2016, the airport operators celebrated the centenary of the airport with the cities of Rome and Ciampino. The anniversary was overshadowed at the end of October 2016 by protests by residents against basic renovation work on the runway. The two-week, very noisy work continued into the night to enable flight operations to be resumed quickly.

Traffic figures

Source: Assaeroporti
Rome Ciampino Airport - traffic figures 2000–2019
year Passenger volume Air freight, air mail ( tons ) Aircraft movements (with military)
2019 5,879,496 18,448 52,253
2018 5,839,737 18,259 52,649
2017 5,885,812 17,042 54,236
2016 5,395,699 15,796 48,252
2015 5,834,201 15,757 53,153
2014 5,018,289 15,668 47,376
2013 4,749,251 16,436 46,365
2012 4,497,376 16,943 47,028
2011 4,781,731 18,845 50,805
2010 4,564,464 18.002 54.040
2009 4,800,259 16,983 57,585
2008 4,788,931 19,644 59,351
2007 5,401,475 23.006 65,633
2006 4,945,066 23,785 63,915
2005 4,234,999 23,059 58,789
2004 2,556,046 21,730 44,263
2003 1,794,285 19,826 37,130
2002 960.263 18,918 29,259
2001 718,562 17.602 26,114
2000 829.511 16,875 28,471


  • On December 21, 1959, accident Vickers Viscount 785 of Alitalia ( air vehicle registration number I-Lizt ) while landing at Ciampino airport. The machine, on which two of the four engines were set to idle on a test flight, became uncontrollable during the landing maneuver below the minimum speed for engine failure and crashed. Both people on board (the pilots) were killed.
  • On November 4, 1970 accident, a Handley Page Herald 203 of Itavia (I-tive) when landing on a training flight, precipitated as an engine. The two pilots, the only occupants of the machine, survived the accident. The badly damaged machine was shut down, used to obtain spare parts and finally scrapped in 1974.
  • On November 10, 2008 saw the landing approach of a 737-800 Boeing of Ryanair (EI-DYG) to a bird strike that led to the failure of two engines. The hard landing caused such severe structural damage to the machine that it had to be written off. Ten people were slightly injured. See Ryanair flight 4102 .

Web links

Commons : Pictures from Rome Ciampino Airport  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ENAC wallet di vincolo. City of Rome , accessed June 20, 2020 (Italian).
  2. ADR facts and figures. , accessed on November 26, 2018 (English).
  3. a b c d e Statistiche. Assaeroporti , accessed April 27, 2020 (Italian).
  4. Link list to the bus companies. In:
  5. Details on transport connections. In: (English)
  6. Combined train and bus connection between the main train station and the airport “Ciampino Airlink”. In: (English)
  7. Overview. In: (English)
  8. Map of the central area. ( Memento of the original from January 19, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. Plan of the passenger terminal. In:
  10. General aviation in Ciampino on (Italian)
  11. Opening of the new hangar of the fire brigade in 2009. In: (Italian)
  12. ^ 2 ° Reparto Genio dell'Aeronautica Militare. In:
  13. Michele Concilio: Ciampino, aeroporto e città: un binomio indissolubile. History of the airport. In: (Italian)
  14. L'aeroporto di Ciampino nei suoi primi 50 anni di vita. Brief history. In: (Italian)
  15. ^ Il 26 marzo l'Air Force One di Obama atterra a Ciampino. La volta che toccò allo Space Shuttle ..., March 13, 2014
  16. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, June 20, 1983, p. 26
  17. ^ La minaccia di Ryanair: "Ciampino, o andremo via dal Lazio." In: , September 2, 2008 (Italian)
  18. ^ Il governo cancella l'aeroporto di Viterbo. In: , January 29, 2013 (Italian)
  19. Ministero della Difesa: Decreto 14 March 2013. In: (Italian)
  20. on the anniversary events
  21. on the renovation work and protests in October 2016
  22. Accident report Viscount I-LIZT. In: Aviation Safety Network , accessed on March 21, 2016.
  23. ^ Accident report HP Herald I-TIVE. In: Aviation Safety Network , accessed on February 23, 2016.