Benedikt Naubert

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Benedikt Naubert 1806 with foster son
Memorial plaque on the house where she was born

Christiane Benedigte Naubert (born September 13, 1752 in Leipzig as Christiana Benedicta Hebenstreit ; † January 12, 1819 ibid) was a German writer who - mostly anonymously - published over 50 historical novels . She is considered one of the founders of the historical novel in Germany .


As the daughter of the medical professor Johann Ernst Hebenstreit and half-sister of the theology professor Hebenstreit, she received a solid education in philosophy, history, Latin and Greek. She was married twice, first in 1797 with the manor owner and businessman Lorenz Wilhelm Holderrieder from Naumburg and after his death in 1800 with Johann Georg Naubert, who was also a businessman in Naumburg.

Naubert published almost all of her books anonymously. Due to the erudition of the books, several men, including Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Müller , came up as possible authors.

Without her permission, her identity was revealed in an article in the newspaper for the elegant world in 1817. She drew her novel Rosalba (1817) on it with her own name. Today Benedikt Naubert is largely unknown.


Some of her historical novels have also been translated into French and English , which is how Walter Scott met her.

In novels like Ulrich Holzer or Walter von Montbarry , she already uses the principle of making secondary characters in the story the main characters of her novels. For example, in Konradin von Schwaben fictional characters experience world history alongside kings - literary techniques that Walter Scott then adopted.

It also became important through its collection of the New German Folk Tales (1789–1793; new edition 2001) long before the collection of the Brothers Grimm (1812–1815). It is, of course, about art fairy tales , literary designs of historical material with the inclusion of folk motifs, not about a fairy tale collection in the later sense. Comparable are the fairy tales by Johann Karl August Musäus , which were published little before .

  • Heerfort and Klärchen . Something for sensitive souls. Frankfurt 1779. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • History of Emma, ​​daughter of Kayser Charlemagne and his secretary Eginhard . 2 volumes. Leipzig 1785
  • Walter von Montbarry, Grand Master of the Temple Order . Leipzig 1786. Vol. 1. online , Vol2.
  • Amalgund Queen of Italy or the fairy tale of the miraculous source A legend from the time of Theodoric the Great . 1787. online
  • History of Countess Thekla von Thurn or scenes from the Thirty Years' War . Leipzig 1788. online
  • Hatto, Bishop of Maynz. Sine legend of the tenth century . Leipzig 1789. online
  • Herrmann von Unna. A story from the times of the Vehmgerichte . Frankfurt 1789. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Emmy Reinolds, Or folly of the great and the small . 1790. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Konradin of Swabia. Or the story of the unhappy grandson of Emperor Frederick II . 1790. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Barbara Blomberg, alleged maitress of Emperor Charles the Fifth. An original story in two parts . 1790. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Gebhard Truchses von Waldburg Churfürst von Cöln, or the astrological princes . Leipzig 1791. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Elisabeth, heir of Toggenburg, or history of the women of Sargans in Switzerland . Second part. Hohenzollern 1791. Vol.1 online , Vol.2 , Vol.3
  • Alf von Dülmen. Or the story of Emperor Philip and his daughter . 1791. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • The bailiff of Hohenweiler . Mannheim 1791. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Count Adolph the Fourth from the Schauenburg tribe, confirmation of the freedom of Hamburg . Weygand, Leipzig 1791. online
  • Edwy and Elgiva or the miracles of St. Dunstan . An old English story. 1791. online
  • Count Rosenberg, or the exposed crime . Leipzig 1791. online
  • Werner, Count of Bernburg . Landes-Industrie-Comptoir, Frankfurt 1791. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Philippe von Geldern or the story of Selim's son Amurat . Leipzig 1792. online
  • Miss Louise Fox. Or a young English woman's journey through some parts of Germany . 1792. online
  • Conrad and Siegfried von Feuchtwangen, Grand Masters of the German Order . 1792. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Ulrich Holzer, Mayor of Vienna . Leipzig 1793. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Lord Heinrich Holland, Duke of Exeter, or: misguided generosity. An incident from the middle ages of England . 1794. online
  • The union of poor Konrad. Faithful description of some strange appearances from the times of the peasant wars of the sixteenth century . Weygand, Leipzig 1795. online
  • Alme or Egyptian fairy tales . Volume 1 online , Volume 2 , Volume 3 , Volume 4 , Volume 5
  • Velleda . Ein Zauberroman 1795. online , new edition 2018
  • Friedrich the Victorious Elector of the Palatinate. The Marc Aurel of the Middle Ages. Edited faithfully according to history . 1796. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • Joseph Mendez Pinto. A Jewish story . Leipzig 1808. online
  • Lioba and Zilia. An almanac story . Junius, Leipzig 1804
  • The Countess of Frondsberg from the Löwenstein family A patriotic story from the Middle Ages . Weygand, Leipzig 1806. online
  • Serene dreams . Weygand, Leipzig 1806. online
  • Mathurine . Steudel, Gotha 1809. online
  • Wanderings of the imagination into the realms of truth . Weygand, Leipzig 1810
  • Azaria. A poetry from the past . From the author of Thekla von Thurn, the Herrmann von Unna, Walther von Montbarry etc. Weygand, Leipzig 1814
  • The short coat . And: Ottilie . 2 folk tales. Armbruster, Vienna 1819. online
  • Tourmaline and Lazerta . Leipzig 1820. online
  • Fontanges, or the fate of the mother and daughter . Plahn, Kolberg 1824. online
  • Selected stories . Anthology from the poems. Historical fragments. Bibliographical Institute, Hildburghausen 1855
  • Picking flowers from the writings of Benedigte Naubert . Bibliographisches Institut, Hildburghausen 1870. Vol.1 online , Vol.2
  • History of Heinrich Courtland, or self-made sorrows . After the English. Weygand, Leipzig (no year) online
  • The warning woman . A story from the Thirty Years War. The white woman , Duke Christian von Eisenberg or: the Eisenberg ghost . Three stories. In a transcription by Sylvia Kolbe, first published in 1819. Engelsdorfer Verlag, Leipzig 2014. online


Review of "Walter von Montbarry" (1786), published in 1787

Individual evidence

  1. a b Church book of the Nikolaikirche Leipzig, page 498, viewed on October 1, 2010

Web links

Wikisource: Benedigte Naubert  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Benedigte Naubert  - Collection of images, videos and audio files