Franz Brümmer

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Karl Wilhelm Franz Brümmer (born November 17, 1836 in Wusterhausen (Dosse) , † January 30, 1923 in Munich ) was a German pedagogue and lexicographer .


Franz Brümmer was a son of the master shoemaker Wilhelm Brümmer and his wife Marie, nee. Schulz. In October 1854 he attended the teachers' seminar in Köpenick . In addition to his interest in education, he also had a passion for music. This should later help him to get a higher paid teaching post connected with a church office .

In 1856 he became a teacher at the city school in Zehdenick (former Templin district ). Three years later, in 1859, he passed his second teaching degree. So that Brümmer did not migrate to Berlin, where he had been offered a position at a Berlin private school, he was offered a teaching position in Trebbin in connection with a cantorate in 1860 . With the improved salary, he was able to marry his childhood sweetheart Auguste (née Gericke, used Winterfeldt) on October 15, 1861, and bring her to Trebbin. But Brümmer was soon dissatisfied with his position and looked around for a new one. At that time (1863) a new quartus and organist was sought in Nauen . Brümmer applied for the position and was accepted.

Brümmer finally settled in Nauen. His children Franz (April 23, 1865), Paul (March 18, 1869) and Hans (June 24, 1872) were born here. The daughter Othilie (born February 28, 1860 in Wusterhausen), with whom he spent his last years, came from his wife's first marriage. In 1879 he rose to the position of organist and vice-principal at the boys' school in Nauen and held this position until his voluntary retirement in 1905.


From 1860 Brümmer published his first essays in educational journals, and his own teaching books were soon added. A few years later he began to turn more and more to literature. For example, in 1878/79 he published the anthology Hausschatz deutscher Lyrik seit 1849. From the sources . Their basic idea of ​​drawing primary texts and biographical information as unadulterated as possible from the original sources was based on Karl Goedekes' collection of Elf Books of German Poetry. From Sebastian Brant to the present. From the sources (Leipzig, 1849).

Later, Brümmer emerged with prefaces and introductions to various books and as editor, for example the poems of Eichendorff and a selection of poems by August Kopisch (see editorship). Because of his work on the Lexicon of German Poets and Proseists , he was also asked to work on the General German Biography (ADB). He gladly complied with the request and was a diligent helper until it was completed in 1910.

His work, considered most valuable by posterity, was a collection of biographical material on deceased and, what was new and unusual at the time, also on writers who were still alive, which he published in 1876 as Deutsches Dichter-Lexikon . Brümmer added the Lexicon of German Poets and Proseists to this work , which was published by Philipp Reclam Verlag in Leipzig from 1884 . Reclam published two parts of the lexicon, one from the earliest times to the end of the 18th century (1884) and one dealing with the 19th century (published in 1885), in the practical format of Reclam's 'universal library' - which means that it is always available guaranteed at a relatively low price. Up to the 6th and last edition (1913), now covering the period from the beginning of the 19th century to the present , the work was constantly updated and expanded by Brümmer. In its last edition, the encyclopedia contained more than 9,900 writers in eight volumes. Approx. 6000 of them had sent their biographies to Brümmer.

Brummer's Lexicon was and still is an indispensable reference work on the literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries, alongside Kürschner's literary calendar and Goedekes' German Writer's Lexicon 1830–1880 . For the selection of the writers listed in his lexicon, Brümmer did not orient himself on their fame or the literary significance ascribed to them. His concern was to include in his lexicon every writer born in the 19th century who had published a work in rhyme or prose.

His estate is now in the Berlin State Library . It comprises 43 boxes and 23 volumes. The estate contains, among other materials that Brümmer collected and from which he hoped to shed light on the literary business of his time, letters from around 10,000 authors who wrote their (largely personal) biographies from around 1870 until his death in January 1923 had sent to Brümmer. A part of these documents is currently being published in a digital edition.



  • German poet lexicon. Biographical and bibliographical reports on German poets of all times. Compiled by Franz Brümmer with special consideration of the present for friends of literature. 2 volumes, Eichstätt u. Stuttgart 1875–1876 ( digitized in the Google book search).
  • Lexicon of German poets and prose writers from the earliest times to the end of the 18th century . Leipzig 1884.
  • Lexicon of German poets and prose writers from the beginning of the 19th century to the present day . 6th completely revised and greatly increased edition. 8 volumes, Leipzig 1913 (all 8 volumes in facsimile and full text in the German Text Archive ; (1st volume, the other volumes can be accessed with a correspondingly changed volume number in the URL)), Reprint Kraus, Nendeln 1975.


  • The gospel of Christ from the mouths of our recent poets . Langensalza 1871.
  • A treasure trove of German poetry since 1849. From the sources. With the participation of Alexis Aar, Eduard Albert, Gustav Emil Barthel u. A. Ed. By Franz Brümmer. Runs 1-11. [more not published] Eichstätt u. Stuttgart 1878/1879.
  • August Kopisch : Poems . Selected and initiated v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1887–1890.
  • Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff: Poems . With biographical and literary introduction by v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1888.
  • Friedrich Ludwig Jahn : German Volksthum . Issued and introduced v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1889.
  • Eduard Helmer : Prince Rosa-Stramin . Issued and introduced v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1890.
  • Marie Petersen : Princess Ilse. A fairy tale from the Harz Mountains . Introduced v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1890.
  • Germany's heroes in German poetry: a collection of historical poems and ballads for school and home. Stuttgart 1891.
  • Bettina von Arnim : Goethe's correspondence with a child . His monument. With an introduction v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1890.
  • Karl Johann Philipp Spitta : Psalter and Harp . Collection of Christian songs for domestic edification. Introduced v. Franz Brümmer. Leipzig 1890.


  • Bernhard Rost: Franz Brümmer. A portrait of the life and work of the author of the 'Lexicon of German Poets and Prosaists' . With a list of Brümmer's works. Leonhardt, Chemnitz 1916.
  • Walter Kunze:  Brümmer, Karl Wilhelm Franz. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 665 ( digitized version ).
  • Gerhard Pachnicke: The Brümmer estate in the State Library of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation . In: Yearbook of the German Schiller Society. 11. 1967, pp. 577-613.
  • Marianne Jacob (Diss.): The beginnings of bibliographic presentation of German literature of the 19th century. Investigations into the history of the German Writers' Lexicon 1830–1880, (online version) .
  • Lucia Hacker: Writing women around 1900. Roles - images - gestures. Berlin 2007. ISBN 978-3-8258-9885-4 .

Web links

Wikisource: Franz Brümmer  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. z. B. the guide for German language teaching in multi-class schools . 2 Curse, Halle 1871, 1872.
  2. See Franz the articles written by Brümmer there .
  3. For the inventory data cf. Entry on Franz Brümmer in Kalliope .
  4. Estate of the Franz Brümmer website.
  5. The work is based on Brummer's estate, which has obtained self-reports from over 6,000 contemporary authors.