Georg Gebel

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Georg Gebel the Younger (born October 25, 1709 in Brieg , Silesia , † September 24, 1753 in Rudolstadt ) was a German composer .


He was the first son of the organist Georg Gebel the Elder. Ä. (1685-1750). The musical talent of the young Gebel showed very early. At the age of 6 he is said to have been heard with great admiration in front of the “most distinguished people” in Wroclaw . He was initially taught school knowledge at home. Then the father made sure that he received a comprehensive education at the Maria Magdalena high school .

The encounter with the Italian opera , whose performances he attended in Breslau, was formative for Gebel . At the age of 20 he worked as an organist at the parish church of St. Maria Magdalena, and he was a regular guest at the chapel of Duke Karl Friedrich von Württemberg-Oels . In the course of these activities, the first larger own compositions are likely to have been created.

At the age of 26 Gebel was accepted into the Dresden private chapel of Count Heinrich von Brühl , which was led by the later Thomaskantor Johann Gottlob Harrer . Gebel was a harpsichordist there and, in alternation with Harrer, was also responsible for creating the festival and house music. As a member of the Brühl private band, Gebels traveled to Warsaw in 1739, where musicians from the Dresden court repeatedly made guest appearances.

Residential house in Rudolstadt

After twelve years of residence in Dresden Gebel went along with his wife Maria Susanna, the daughter of the Berlin painter Gebel, according Rudolstadt , where he received new tasks and demanded in particular as a composer and where he was highly respected. Another reason for moving to Rudolstadt was the planned closure of the Brühl Chapel. On August 29, 1746, Gebel was appointed "Concert Master" in the Rudolstadt Residence, and from March 20, 1750 he was allowed to use the title of "Capell Master". The productivity he sparked at the Rudolstädter Hof was immense and of such a kind that, as Peter Gülke put it, it would also be inconceivable “without the guarantee of solidity”. In addition to the almost completely preserved church cantatas from 1748 and 1751 as well as two passion pieces, no less than twelve operas, more than 100 symphonies and partitas as well as other harpsichord concerts are said to have been composed.

His works, of which almost exclusively the cantatas and oratorios have been preserved, are now kept in the Thuringian State Archives in Rudolstadt ( Heidecksburg Castle ) (music collection Hofkapelle Rudolstadt, HKR).


  • 144 cantatas, spread over 3 years (1747/1748, 62 works preserved; 1749, fragmentary survival, 13 works preserved; 1750/1751, 69 works preserved)
  • 4 "Kyrie" tones
  • 1 Passion music in 6 parts for solos, choir and orchestra (HKR 976)
  • 1 Christmas Oratorio (HKR 843)
  • 1 New Year's Oratorio (HKR 827)

CD recordings

  • Georg Gebel: Symphony in G major; Hofkapelle Rudolstadt 1 , Thuringian Symphony Orchestra Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, conductor: Konrad Bach, label: AMU-Records, audio CD 1996
  • Georg Gebel: Christmas and New Years Oratorio , Cantus Thuringia & Capella Thuringia , conductor: Bernhard Klapprott , with Monika Mauch, Kai Wessel , Nico van der Meel, Peter Kooij, label: cpo , audio CD 2004
  • Georg Gebel: Johannespassion , with: Ludger Rémy , Dorothee Mields, Henning Voss, Jan Kobow, Klaus Mertens , Sebastian Bluth, Ensemble in Canto Weimar and Weimarer Barockensemble, label: cpo, audio CD 2004
  • Georg Gebel: Cantatas at Christmas time , Veronika Winter, Britta Schwarz, Andreas Post, Matthias Vieweg, Les Amis de Philippe, conductor: Ludger Rémy , label: cpo, audio CD 2010
  • Georg Gebel: Cantatas for Christmas II . Veronika Winter, Britta Schwarz, Andreas Post, Matthias Vieweg, Les Amis de Philippe, direction: Ludger Rémy, label: cpo, audio CD 2011


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