|Ciudad Real municipality|
|coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Autonomous Community :||Castile-La Mancha|
|Province :||Ciudad Real|
|Comarca :||Campo de Calatrava|
|Area :||285 km²|
|Residents :||74,746 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||262.27 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||13001-13005|
|Municipality number ( INE ):||13034|
|Mayor :||María del Pilar Zamora Bastante ( PSOE )|
|Location of the municipality|
Ciudad Real [ θjuˈða (ð) reˈal ] (in German royal city , founded as Villa Real , also called Zumba Real ) is a Spanish city and capital of the province of the same name . It is located in the Autonomous Region of Castile-La Mancha .
The city is located about 200 kilometers south of Madrid in the central plateau of Spain 628 meters above sea level. It has an area of 285 square kilometers. The inhabitants are called Ciudadrealeños . You live mainly in the four districts: Ciudad Real , Las Casas , Valverde and La Poblachuela .
In Ciudad Real there are significant historical traces such as the house of Hernán Pérez del Pulgar (15th century), the Casa Real de la Caridad (House of Light, 18th century), the Cathedral of Ciudad Real , the Iglesia de la Merced church (Church of Grace, 18th century), the Iglesia de San Pedro Apóstol (15th century) and the Iglesia de Santiago Apóstol (14th century). The city is also the seat of the provincial government and, as the headquarters of the University of Castile-La Mancha, a university city.
On the outskirts of the urban area, just a few kilometers away, is the hill of Alarcos, of importance to archaeologists because of its secluded medieval castle and as the site of the Battle of Alarcos , in which the Castilians were defeated by the Almohads ( Islamic dynasty in Spain) in 1195 . South of the city is the volcanic area of Campo de Calatrava , one of the three most important volcanic areas on the Iberian Peninsula.
The economy is largely determined by wood carving , esparto grass , raffia , leather , ceramics and textile production . Regional gastronomic delicacies are pisto manchego (a regionally different dish made from tomatoes , peppers), caldereta (lamb ragout), tiznao , asadillo , flores , bizcochá and arrope . Cultural highlights are the Pandorga festival on July 31 and the day of the Virgen del Prado (Virgin of the Meadow / des Angers) on August 15 .
An airport opened in 2008, which first bore the name Don Quijote de la Mancha and was later renamed Aeropuerto Central Ciudad Real , was intended to attract traffic from the congested Madrid area with its 4,000-meter-long runway, which is also suitable for large aircraft. Instead, it had to be closed again in November 2011, just three years after its opening, due to lack of traffic, and it was one of the largest investment ruins in Spain. The insolvent operating company of the airport CR Aeropuertos aimed for a sale in 2013 for around 100 million euros - compared to more than 400 million euros in construction costs. The bankruptcy administrator had the airport auctioned; the highest bid of 10,000 euros on July 17, 2015 came from a group of Chinese investors, but was rejected by the court as the bid was too low.
BM Ciudad Real was one of the top teams in European handball . The four-time Spanish champion won the EHF Champions League in 2006, 2008 and 2009 . For economic reasons, the team moved to Madrid in 2011 and has played there since then under the name BM Atlético de Madrid as part of the Atlético Madrid club, which is best known for its football department .
Sons and daughters of the town:
- Beatriz de Estrada (around 1524–1590), called “la Santa”, influential aristocrat from Aragón
- Joaquín Araújo Ruano (1851–1894), painter, graphic artist and book illustrator
- José Castillejo (1877–1945), educator and founder of the Instituto-Escuela
- Manuel Marín (1949–2017), politician
- José Salcedo (1949-2017), film editor
- Juan Andrés Naranjo Escobar (* 1952), politician of the Partido Popular
- Fernando Luna (* 1958), tennis player
- Javier Botet (born 1977), actor
- Jesus Ramirez (* 1979), cyclist
- Victoriano Rivas , called Nano (* 1980), football player
- Ángel Pérez de Inestrosa (* 1986), handball player
- Ignacio Plaza Jiménez (* 1994), handball player
- Jordi El Niño Polla (* 1994), porn actor and web video producer
- official website (spanish)
- Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
- costanachrichten.com: Airport for sale ( Memento of the original from December 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved December 10, 2013
- aerotelegraph.com - Airport at a bargain price August 26, 2013
- AFP / dpa / tine. / Anst .: Spanish ghost airport is for 10,000 euros - not sold. In: FAZ.net . July 17, 2015, accessed October 13, 2018 .