Anastasius IV (* around 1073 in Rome ; † December 3, 1154 ibid), originally Conrad of Suburra (also Corrado della Suburra ), was succeeded Eugene III on July 8, 1153 . elected Pope and crowned on July 12, 1153 .
Konrad ( Italian Corrado ) came from a bourgeois Roman family who lived in the little-regarded suburb of Suburra ; his father was Benedetto di Suburra. He was possibly a nephew of Pope Honorius II , whose sister Conrad's mother may have been; Konrad's nephew, in turn, was the later Cardinal Gregorio della Suburra . He joined the Augustinian Canons of the Lateran and became Abbot of Saint-Ruf in Avignon .
In the consistory of December 1127, Pope Honorius II raised him to Cardinal Bishop of Sabina . As such, Konrad von Suburra was involved in the double election of 1130 and distinguished himself as one of the most resolute opponents of the antipope Anaklet II. When Pope Innocent II went into exile, he was vicar of Rome and remained so until 1137, in 1139 he holds this office again. As a result, he took part in the papal elections of 1143 ( Celestine II ), 1144 ( Lucius II ) and 1145 ( Eugene III ). Under Eugene III. Konrad was again several times Vicar of Rome, namely in the summer of 1145, from the beginning of 1147 to November 1149 and from the summer of 1150 to December 1152. In the papal election of 1153 he was finally elected Pope himself and took the papal name of Anastasius IV.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Anastasius IV. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2nd, unchanged edition Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1 , Sp. 158–158.
- Raoul Manselli : Anastasio IV. In: Alberto M. Ghisalberti (Ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 3: Ammirato – Arcoleo. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 1961, pp. 24-25.
- Raoul Manselli: Anastasio IV. In: Massimo Bray (ed.): Enciclopedia dei Papi. Volume 2: Niccolò I, santo, Sisto IV. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 2000, pp. 285–286 ( treccani.it ) ..
- Georg Schwaiger : Anastasius IV . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 1, Artemis & Winkler, Munich / Zurich 1980, ISBN 3-7608-8901-8 , Sp. 572 f.
- Suburra, Can. Reg. Lat., Corrado di. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website ), accessed August 2, 2016.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Conrad of Suburra; Corrado della Suburra|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1073|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rome|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 3, 1154|
|Place of death||Rome|