Konrad II (Silesia)

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Konrad II of Silesia (also: Konrad I of Glogau ; * between 1232 and 1235; † August 6, 1273 or 1274 in Glogau ) was Duke of Silesia and Elect of Passau in 1247/1249 . He was the founder of the Glogau ducal line and dubbed the Duke of Glogau from 1249/51 and from 1251 as the Duke of Crossen .

Origin and family

Konrad came from the Silesian Piast dynasty . His parents were Duke Heinrich II († 1241) and Anna of Bohemia († 1265), daughter of the Bohemian King Ottokar I Přemysl . Konrad's siblings were:

In 1249 Konrad married Salome, a sister of the Wielkopolska Duke Przemysław I. After her death, he married the 12- or 13-year-old Sophia von Landsberg († 1318) in 1271 . Six children lived through adulthood from his marriages:


After the early death of his father in 1241, Konrad's eldest brother Boleslaw took over the government at the same time for his underage younger brothers. Konrad was appointed to the clergy and sent to Paris to study. For 1247 he is documented as provost of the Glogau chapter. Presumably in 1248 he was elected by the Passau Cathedral Chapter to succeed the deposed Bishop Rüdiger von Bergheim . Since the election took place without the consent of the Curia , he was refused papal confirmation on February 15, 1249. At this time, Konrad had neither reached canonical age nor could he prove that he had been ordained a priest. Nevertheless, until around September 1249 he held the title of Elector of Passau in Silesian documents. Although he had never set foot in Passau and was never ordained a bishop, he was recorded as a bishop by the Passau canon Albert Behaim in the Passau bishops' catalog for 1250–1251.

Since Konrad and his brothers did not agree with the lavish economy of their eldest brother Boleslaw, there were armed conflicts. After the second-born Heinrich came of age in 1248, the duchy was divided. Boleslaw received Liegnitz and Heinrich Breslau . In order to avoid further fragmentation, they took on the obligation to equip and resign Konrad and Wladislaw from their sub-areas. Boleslaw signed up for Konrad.

As Boleslaw's co-regent, Konrad soon demanded the allocation of his own sub-area, but this was refused by both Boleslaw and Heinrich. Therefore, there were again disputes, which led to Konrad resigning himself to the Passau bishopric at the end of 1249 and placing himself under the protection of the Greater Poland Duke Przemysław I. Shortly afterwards he married his sister Salome. With the support of his brother-in-law Przemysław I, he invaded the area of ​​Boleslaws in 1251 and captured Beuthen Castle on the Oder , which he fortified. Boleslaw, who came to relieve the castle, was captured by Konrad and forced to cede the Glogau area. Although Boleslaw was able to escape, he also lost the Crossen area and the castles Sandewalde, Steinau and Sagan with the associated districts to Konrad by the end of 1251 . In September 1253, Konrad and Przemysław I again invaded the Breslauer Land and devastated the areas around Trebnitz , Zirkwitz and Lissa .

It was not until 1254 that Konrad's territorial claims were recognized. He chose Glogau, to whom he had already granted Magdeburg rights in 1253 , as his residence and called himself "Duke of Glogau" from 1249/51. He promoted the German settlement of his country. He founded a church for Grünberg that was consecrated to St. Hedwig , whose grandson he was. He died in Glogau and was buried in the collegiate church there.


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