Henry II (Poland)
- Gertrude (* 1218/1220; † around 1244/1247) ⚭ 1232 Boleslaw I of Mazovia , Duke of Dobrin († 1248), son of Conrad I of Mazovia
- Konstanze (* 1221/1227; † around 1253/1257) ⚭ 1239 Casimir I , Duke of Kuyavian († 1267)
- Boleslaw II. (* Around 1217; † 1278), Duke of Liegnitz
- Mieszko von Lebus (* 1223/1227; † 1242), Duke of Lebus
- Henry III. (* 1222/1230; † 1266), Duke of Silesia
- Elisabeth (* 1224/1232; † 1265) ⚭ Przemysł I , Duke of Greater Poland († 1257)
- Konrad II (* 1228/1231; † 1273/74), Duke of Silesia, from 1251 Duke of Glogau
- Wladislaw von Schlesien (* 1237, † 1270), Duke of Silesia, elected bishop of Bamberg and Passau, archbishop of Salzburg and administrator of Breslau
- Agnes (* 1230/1236; † after May 14, 1277), abbess of the Poor Clare Monastery in Trebnitz.
- Hedwig (* 1238/1241; † April 3, 1318), abbess of the Poor Clare Monastery in Breslau ( Wrocław ).
Like his father, Henry II fought against the Baltic Prussian tribe in 1222/23 . In 1226 he was appointed co-regent by his father. After his death in 1238 he was his successor as Duke of Silesia-Breslau and Duke and Senior Duke of Poland.
Heinrich continued his father's policy and was on good terms with his brother-in-law, the Bohemian King Wenceslaus I. To secure his position as Duke and Senior Duke of Poland, he fought against Duke Barnim of Pomerania . He fended off an attack by the Margrave of Brandenburg and the Archbishop of Magdeburg at Lebus Castle . He succeeded in peacefully settling the dispute led by his father with the Archbishop of Gniezno and the Breslau Bishop Thomas I about the tithe benefits of the German new settlers.
In 1241 a Mongolian army of the generals Batu Khan and Subutai invaded Poland, overran large parts of Silesia and besieged Liegnitz . Henry II surrendered to the Mongols on April 9, 1241 in the Battle of Liegnitz , in which he suffered a devastating defeat and fell. The Mongols impaled his head and displayed it. Heinrich's body was buried in the St. Vincent Church in Breslau .
After Heinrich's death, the Silesian Piasts could no longer maintain their supremacy in Poland. Through the division of inheritance among his descendants and the associated fragmentation of the domain, Silesia was considerably weakened for centuries.
- Heinrich Appelt : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 393 f. ( ).
- Heinrich Appelt: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , pp. 403-405 ( version ). In:
- Colmar Grünhagen : Heinrich II., Duke of Silesia and Poland . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, pp. 604-606.
- Marcus Wüst: Heinrich II of Silesia. In: Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (founder), Traugott Bautz (ed.): Biographical-Bibliographical Church Lexicon . Volume 35: Supplements XXII. Bautz, Nordhausen 2014, ISBN 978-3-88309-882-1 , Sp. 653-655.
- Charles Cawley, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Medieval Lands Project, Silesia ( online ; Engl.)
- Joachim Telgenbüscher: Attack on Europe , PM History # 11/2018 , Hamburg 2018, pp. 44–50
|Henry I the Bearded||
Senior Duke of Poland
|Conrad I of Mazovia|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Heinrich the Pious; Heinrich of Silesia; Henryk II Pobożny (Polish)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Silesia, Duke of Poland, Princeps of Poland|
|DATE OF BIRTH||between 1196 and 1207|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 9, 1241|