Heinrich Appelt (born June 25, 1910 in Vienna ; † September 16, 1998 ibid) was an Austrian historian and diplomat .
Live and act
Heinrich Appelt came from a German-Bohemian family. After attending the Schottengymnasium in Vienna, he studied history, German literature and art history at the University of Vienna from the winter semester 1928/29 . He received his doctorate in 1932 under Hans Hirsch with a thesis on the monasteries of the diocese of Basel. In 1934 he became Leo Santifaller's employee in Breslau and worked first on the Brixen document book, then on the Silesian document book. In 1939 he completed his habilitation in Breslau with a paper on the forgery of documents from the Trebnitz monastery . In 1940 he apparently became a candidate for the NSDAP .
From 1940 to 1944 Appelt was a soldier and served as a radio operator in Rome. His appointment to a chair in Tübingen in 1941 failed due to the resistance of the National Socialist functionary Robert Wetzel . In 1943 Appelt succeeded Leo Santifaller, who had moved to Vienna, as an associate professor in Breslau, but was only able to teach in the winter semester of 1944/45. He returned to Vienna, where he received a teaching position at Santifaller's instigation, and in 1946 went to Graz University as a supplement . There he became an associate professor in 1948 and a full professor of medieval history and historical auxiliary sciences in 1959. In 1963 he moved to the University of Vienna, where he also worked at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research . In 1980 he retired.
From 1948 to 1998 Appelt was a member of the Central Management of Monumenta Germaniae Historica , since 1949 employee, later also head of the Vienna Diplomata department. His main work is the 1956 edition of the documents of Emperor Frederick I , the five volumes of which were published between 1975 and 1990. After completing this work, the 80-year-old turned to the more than 700 documents of Heinrich VI. to, whose critical edition he was still working on in the manuscript, even if he could no longer bring the work to printing himself. Appelt died at the age of 89 and was buried in Vienna's central cemetery.
Appelt was awarded numerous scientific honors and memberships for his research. Appelt had been a corresponding member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences since 1962 and a full member since 1964, as well as an honorary doctorate from the Universities of Graz and Innsbruck. He was also a member of the Historical Commission for Silesia . In 1979 he received the Wilhelm Hartel Prize of the Vienna Academy of Sciences, in 1989 the Austrian Decoration of Honor for Science and Art and in 1990 the City of Vienna Prize for the Humanities . In June 2010 a conference was held in his memory on the occasion of his 100th birthday. Werner Maleczek published the articles in 2014.
- The forgery of documents of the Trebnitz monastery. Studies on the constitutional development of the monastery villages under German law and the emergence of the dominion . Breslau 1940 (Publications of the Historical Commission for Silesia 2; Forschungsgen. Z. Silesian Document Book 2).
- The diploma of Emperor Heinrich II for Göss dated May 1, 1020. A diplomatic and constitutional investigation. With a facsimile of the certificate . Graz u. a. 1953.
- The imperial idea of Friedrich Barbarossa . Vienna 1967 (SÖAW-PH 252/2).
- Privilege minus. The Staufer Empire and the Babenbergs in Austria . Vienna, Cologne a. Graz 1973 (Böhlau source books), 2nd edition 1976.
- Empire, royalty, sovereignty . Vienna, Cologne a. Graz 1988 (communications from the Institute for Austrian Historical Research, Appendix 28) (compilation of his articles).
- Regesta imperii, revision. Series III, Salisches Haus 1024–1125 , ed. v. Heinrich Appelt, III, 1: The Regests of the Empire under Konrad II. 1024-1039, Graz 1951.
- Heinrich Appelt with the participation of Rainer Maria Herkenrath, Walter Koch , Josef Riedmann, Winfried Stelzer and Kurt Zeillinger (eds.): Diplomata 22: The documents of Friedrich I. Part 1: 1152–1158. Hanover 1975 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
- Heinrich Appelt with the assistance of Rainer Maria Herkenrath and Walter Koch (eds.): Diplomata 23: The documents of Friedrich I. Part 2: 1158–1167. Hanover 1979 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
- Heinrich Appelt with the participation of Rainer Maria Herkenrath and Walter Koch (eds.): Diplomata 24: The documents of Friedrich I. Part 3: 1168–1180. Hanover 1985 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
- Heinrich Appelt with the participation of Rainer Maria Herkenrath, Walter Koch and Bettina Pferschy (eds.): Diplomata 25: The documents of Friedrich I. Part 4: 1181–1190. Hanover 1990 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
- Heinrich Appelt with the participation of Rainer Maria Herkenrath and Brigitte Meduna (eds.): Diplomata 26: The documents of Friedrich I. Part 5: Introduction, directories Hanover 1990 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
- Fritz Fellner, Doris A. Corradini: Austrian History in the 20th Century. A biographical-bibliographical lexicon. Böhlau, Vienna 2006, ISBN 978-3-205-77476-1 , pp. 40–41.
- Othmar Hageneder : Obituary Heinrich Appelt. In: Communications from the Institute for Austrian Historical Research. 107, 1999, pp. 507-511.
- Walter Koch : Obituary Heinrich Appelt. In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages. 55, 1999, pp. 413-415. ( Digitized version )
- Winfried Stelzer : Heinrich Appelt †. In: Othmar Pickl (Ed.): 25th report of the Historical Commission for Styria. 2000, pp. 23-28.
- Jens Thiel: Was there a generation of “National Socialist” academics? University teaching careers and generational influences in Germany and Austria 1933/38 to 1945. In: Zeitgeschichte. Volume 35, 2008, pp. 230-256 (on Appelt pp. 242-244).
- Literature by and about Heinrich Appelt in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Heinrich Appelt in the German Digital Library
- Employee of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH) Munich
- ↑ So his own statement in a curriculum vitae of April 24, 1941. However, since he did not give a membership number, it is possible that Appelt only pretended the entitlement to improve his career opportunities; see Jens Thiel: Was there a "National Socialist" generation of academics? In: Contemporary History. Volume 35, 2008, pp. 230–256, here: p. 255, note 134.
- ^ Fifty Years of the Historical Commission for Silesia . In: Yearbook of the Schlesische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Breslau, Volume 17, 1972, p. 413.
- ↑ Werner Maleczek (Ed.): Documents and their research. In memory of Heinrich Appelt. Vienna 2014.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian historian and diplomat|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 25, 1910|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 16, 1998|
|Place of death||Vienna|