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coat of arms
Lucera (Italy)
Country Italy
region Apulia
province Foggia  (FG)
Coordinates 41 ° 30 ′  N , 15 ° 20 ′  E Coordinates: 41 ° 30 ′ 0 ″  N , 15 ° 20 ′ 0 ″  E
height 250  m slm
surface 338 km²
Residents 32,506 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 96 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 71036
prefix 0881
ISTAT number 071028
Popular name Lucerini
Patron saint Santa Maria Patrona di Lucera
Website Lucera
Lucera, the Staufer Castle
Lucera, the Staufer Castle

Lucera ( Latin : Luceria , Greek Lukeria ) is a town in the Italian province of Foggia in Apulia about 20 kilometers northwest of Foggia with 32,506 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). Lucera is built on the three hills Albano , Belvedere and the Sacro . Viticulture is practiced in Lucera and the surrounding area .


According to the legend, Lucera was founded by Diomedes , hero of the Greeks in the Iliad ; in antiquity the city boasted that he had brought the Trojan state shrine Palladion to Lucera after the robbery. Lucera is probably a Daunian foundation. It was first mentioned in 326 BC. Mentioned in writing as an ally of the Romans in the Second Samnite War . After Lucera had been conquered twice by the Samnites , it was written there in 315/314 BC. A Latin colony. Another colony was founded in the city under Emperor Augustus. Lucera was already in the 3rd century BC. An important settlement. The city was the seat of a diocese as early as the 4th century .

However, the city was destroyed by the Byzantines in 663 and only rebuilt in the 13th century by Emperor Frederick II as a colony for 20,000 Saracens who were forcibly relocated from Sicily and who opposed the central Hohenstaufen power. The castle of Kaiser Friedrich is still preserved; It was initially used to guard the Saracens, but they soon provided mercenaries loyal to the Hohenstaufen. With their help, his son Manfred recaptured the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in 1257. In 1300 the Muslims living in Lucera were massacred. On the ruins of their mosque which was the cathedral of the city built.


sons and daughters of the town


  • Alexander Knaak: Prolegomena to a corpus work of the architecture of Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in the Kingdom of Sicily 1220–1250, Marburg 2001. ISBN 3-89445-278-1 (To the Castello of Lucera p. 24–38 with an overview of the state of research and theses for Interpretation of the building)
  • Maria C. D'Ercole : La stipe votiva del Belvedere a Lucera. In: Le stipi votive di Taranto. Bretschneider, Rome 1990 (Corpus delle stipi votive in Italia; 3: Regio 2; 2)
  • Eberhard Horst : The Sultan of Lucera. Friedrich II. And Islam. Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 1997, ISBN 3-451-04453-6
  • Julie Taylor : Muslims in Medieval Italy. The Colony at Lucera. Lexington, Lanham 2003, ISBN 0-7391-0512-4
  • Benjamin Scheller: Assimilation and Fall. The Muslim Lucera in Apulia and its violent end in 1300 as a problem of global history , in: Tillmann Lohnse, Benjamin Scheller (Ed.): Europe in the world of the Middle Ages. A colloquium for and with Michael Borgolte , Berlin 2014, pp. 141–162.

Web links

Commons : Lucera  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.