Max Buchner (historian)

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Max Buchner , also Maximilian Buchner (born September 14, 1881 in Munich , † April 8, 1941 in Munich) was a German historian and editor of a Catholic right-wing national journal.


Buchner studied history at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . There he became a member of the Catholic student association KDStV Aenania Munich and later the KDStV Markomannia Würzburg , both in the CV . In 1907 he did his doctorate with Hermann von Grauert , and in 1911 he completed his habilitation with him. Until 1919 he was a private lecturer , from 1919 associate professor for history at the University of Munich. In 1926 he moved to the Julius Maximilians University in Würzburg and became the holder of the concordat chair for medieval history. From 1936 until his death in 1941 he was again a professor at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich.

Buchner was a supporter of the nationalist German Fatherland Party , which existed from 1917 to 1918 and fought against the peace treaty to end the First World War. From 1924 on he was editor of the Gelben Hefte , a historical and political magazine for Catholic Germany . This publication was intended to continue the traditional magazine Historisch-Politische Blätter for Catholic Germany by Joseph Görres , which existed from 1838 to 1923, but appeared only irregularly after 1926 and was discontinued with Buchner's death in 1941. It served to propagate from a monarchist position an interdenominational united front of the national right against liberalism and the Enlightenment.

Buchner was one of those who defended the Catholic theologian and Strassberg pastor Philipp Haeuser (1876-1960), an active anti-Semite and avowed supporter of Adolf Hitler , against criticism from the Catholic Church.

After the end of the Second World War, Buchner's Teachings of History and The Old German Army and Its Significance for People, Fatherland and Religion in the Soviet Occupation Zone, which he published, were placed on the list of literature to be segregated. In the German Democratic Republic , this list was followed by his On the Road to Weimar and from Weimar to Potsdam .

Fonts (selection)

  • The origin of the ore offices and their relationship to the development of the Kurkolleg with contributions to the genesis of the Pairskolleg in France (= Görres Society for the Care of Science in Catholic Germany. Publications of the Section for Law and Social Science. 10, ZDB -ID 987340-5 ) . Schöningh, Paderborn 1911.
  • The German elections and the Duchy of Bavaria. From the beginning of the 10th to the end of the 13th century. A contribution to the history of the origins of the lay princes' spa rights (= studies on German state and legal history. 117, ZDB -ID 514754-2 ). Marcus, Breslau 1913.
  • as editor: The old German army and its significance for people, fatherland and religion. R. Oldenbourg in commission, Munich 1926.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II, his worldview and the German Catholics. Koehler, Leipzig 1929.
  • as editor: From the past of the University of Würzburg. Festschrift for the 350th anniversary of the university. Springer, Berlin 1932.
  • On the way to Weimar and from Weimar to Potsdam. A historical look back at the changes of the Bismarck Empire to a party state and the reawakening of national Germany. "Yellow Booklet" publishing house, Munich 1933.
  • Lessons of History. Hueber, Munich 1937, (From: Yellow Hefts . Vol. 12, No. 4, 6-12; Vol. 13, No. 1-3).
  • as editor: Christian and German characters. Hueber, Munich 1938.
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Weber. Life and work of the thirteen linden poet. Laumann, Dülmen / Westphalia 1940.


  • Andreas Bigelmair : Max Buchner †. In: Journal for Bavarian State History . Vol. 13, 1941/1942, pp. 373-375 .
  • Jens Flemming : “Fully Catholics and Germans!” Max Buchner, the Yellow Booklet and right-wing Catholicism between democracy and dictatorship. In: Uwe Puschner , Michel Grunewald: Le milieu intellectuel catholique en Allemagne, sa presse et ses réseaux (1871–1963). = The Catholic intellectual milieu in Germany, its press and its networks (1871–1963) (= Convergences. 40). Lang, Bern et al. 2006, ISBN 3-03910-857-3 , pp. 363-394.
  • Anton RitthalerBuchner, Max. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 707 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Christoph Weisz: History and political thinking Munich historians of the Weimar period. Konrad Beyerle, Max Buchner, Michael Doeberl, Erich Marcks, Karl Alexander von Müller, Hermann Oncken (= contributions to a historical structural analysis of Bavaria in the industrial age. 5, ZDB -ID 504003-6 ). Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1970, (at the same time: Munich, University, dissertation, 1969).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Christoph Weisz: History and political thinking Munich historians in the Weimar period. Berlin 1970, p. 45 ff.