KaV Norica Vienna

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coat of arms map
Norica coat of arms.jpg
Austria wien.svg
Basic data
State : Vienna
University location: Vienna
Founding: December 23, 1883 in Vienna
Association: ÖCV
Entry into the CV: 1884
Abbreviation: Nc
Circle: ZK Norica.gif
Colours: KaV Norica.PNG


Motto: Numquam incerti, semper aperti! (transl .: "Never unsure, always open!")
Website: norica.org

The Catholic Academic Association Norica is a Catholic academic association founded in Vienna in 1883 . It is a member of the Austrian Cartel Association (ÖCV), it is often abbreviated as KaV Norica Wien or simply Norica Wien . Since 1985 there has been a connection for students and academics K.aV Norica Nova . Norica Nova is a member of the European Cartel Association (EKV). Legally, both associations are independent associations that work closely together on the basis of a cooperation agreement noted by the ÖCV.

Principles (goals)

The Norica is committed to the four principles (goals) of the ÖCV : religio, patria, scientia, amicitia. The Norica is full-colored and non-striking (Catholic principle of anti-duality). Her motto is Numquam incerti, semper aperti! (Never unsure, always open!). Their boy colors are white-blue-gold, the fox colors blue-white-blue. The hat color is also blue (although it is a very light blue in all cases).



In Austria (monarchy) , student associations were only officially approved after the constitutional reforms of 1861 and 1867. The first Catholic student union in Austria was the academic union Austria-Innsbruck (1864), which was based on the Bavarian union Aenania (founded 1851 in Munich). In Vienna in 1876/77 the “Catholic-sociable student association of the Viennese universities” was established, which from 1880 called itself “ Austria ” and gradually became a color-bearing association. Two members and five guests of "Austria", which was not yet colored at the time, decided on December 23, 1883 to found a Catholic colored association. In February 1884 the statutes of Norica were not prohibited and the small association could begin its activity. The name chosen was Norica, the feminine form of the name of the Roman province of Noricum on today's Austrian soil. The colors chosen were white-blue-gold, namely blue-gold, the colors of Lower Austria , and white, possibly based on the colors of the Roman Catholic Church (yellow-white). In March of the same year, Norica was accepted into the CV , the Cartell Association of Catholic color-bearing associations in the German Empire and at the German-speaking universities of what was then Austria.

In the monarchy (1883-1918)

Since most of the Norikers were the sons of petty bourgeoisie or farmers, Norica also dealt intensively with the "social question". Noriker were involved in the Christian Social Party or in one of its sub-organizations, such as in the Christian Social Workers' Association. B. Franz Bittner (1867-1926) and Franz Hemala (1877-1943) counted. Even in the “ Volksbund der Katholiken Österreichs ” (founded in 1905, renamed in 1908 and 1919), an organization leading up to the Christian Social Party, Noriker, such as B. Josef Pultar (1879–1959) as Vice President and Hans Schmitz (1897–1970) as speaker.

In the media, Norica was represented above all others by Friedrich Funder (1872–1959), original member of the K.Ö.HV Carolina Graz and band owner of Norica, since 1896 in the editorial team of the daily newspaper " Reichspost " (founded 1893/94). (Funder was editor-in-chief of the Reichspost from 1902 to 1938 and, after 1945, founder of the Catholic weekly newspaper “ Die Furche ”.)

The members of the Norica came from several crown lands and pursued different studies. Public commitment and commitment were important to them. After initial personal problems, Norica grew very quickly and in 1908 founded two subsidiaries: KaV Marco-Danubia Vienna and K.Ö.HV Franco-Bavaria Vienna (both became members of the CV).

Robert Krasser (1882–1958) , who was elected Philistine Senior (chairman of the academics) of Norica in December 1913, remained in this position until 1958. He was instrumental in developing the CV and founding the ÖCV (see below).

In the First Republic

The Christian Socials also opted for the republic under the influence of a series of articles by the former minister for social welfare in the last imperial government, Ignaz Seipel , which appeared in the “Reichspost” immediately after the proclamation of the republic in November 1918. In October 1919 the Salzburg lawyer Rudolf Ramek (1881–1941) became State Secretary (= Minister) for Justice. He had been a member of Norica since 1901. In 1920, Norica Ignaz Seipel (1876–1932) conferred honorary membership. As Federal Chancellor, Ignaz Seipel formed five governments between 1922 and 1929. Rudolf Ramek was Federal Chancellor 1924–1926 and formed two governments. Several Noriker were appointed as federal ministers during the democratic time of the republic , were governors or members of state governments .

The foundation of the 3rd ÖCV (1933)

On July 10, 1933, the Austrian CV connections split off from the Reich German CV, which had succumbed to the National Socialist pressure to conform. Robert Krasser was instrumental in founding the ÖCV. In the authoritarian corporate state , the majority of the Noriker committed themselves to a sovereign Austria. Noriker were appointed to the State Council, Federal Economic Council, Federal Culture Council and State Council. Noriker (like honorary members Leopold Kunschak and Josef Resch ) sought a reconciliation with the social democrats . In 1938 , Richard Schmitz , appointed by Federal Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss as Mayor of Vienna, wanted to organize resistance against an occupation of the country by the Nazi Greater German Reich together with the Social Democrats, starting from the city's company militias. However, that did not happen.

In the underground (1938–1945)

After the Anschluss in March 1938, the Norica, like all ÖCV connections, was banned as subversive and forcibly closed.

Four members of the Norica were already on the first transport from Vienna to the Dachau concentration camp : Leopold Figl , Erich and Walter Pultar and Richard Schmitz. They were followed by other Norikers as prisoners in the concentration camps: Alfred Benn (1911–1943), Wilhelm Bock (1895–1966), Karl Bruckner (1896–1963), Gustav Canaval (1898–1959), Franz Edlinger (1887–1957), Friedrich Funder, Johann Gruber (1889–1944), Johannes Hollnsteiner (1895–1971), Anton Kankovsky (1884–1947), Hans Pernter (1887–1951), Bruno Schmitz (1912–1975), Karl Maria Stepan (1894–1972 ), Robert Steyskal (1901–1980), Ferdinand Thaller (1907–1988). Alfons Übelhör (1905–1967) spent 20 months in prisons. The priest Johann Gruber was murdered on April 7, 1944 in Gusen concentration camp, the lawyer Karl Biack (born 1900) was sentenced to death by the People's Court and executed on November 7, 1944 in Munich-Stadelheim.

Noriker were also active in the resistance. This is known from Alfred Brodil (1915–1993), Franz Derndorfer (1916–2005), Hans Janauschek (1919–1926), Georg Krasser (1917–2012), Robert Krasser (1882–1958), Bruno Schmitz, Alfons Übelhör, Johann Wollinger (1915–1965) and the doctors Karl Fellinger (1904–2000), Leopold Haas (1911–1957), Karl Komuczki, Franz Matschnig (1912–1972) and Franz Ritschl (1908–1982). There was a resistance group Johann Wollinger and a group of Norikers around Georg Krasser in the artillery replacement and training department 109 of the German Wehrmacht in Brno . Bruno Schmitz led a resistance group in the Greater Vienna Army Patrol. Alfons Übelhör belonged to the Kastelic-Scholz-Lederer resistance group .

In the Second Republic (after 1945)

After the Second World War, the ÖCV and KaV Norica were re-established. Robert Krasser played a key role in re-establishing the ÖCV connections in Vienna. During the monarchy, in the interwar period and after 1945, Norica was several times a suburb (= leading connection) of the CV and the ÖCV. Leopold Figl (1902–1965) played a decisive role as Federal Chancellor in the re-establishment of democratic Austria . Federal Chancellor Julius Raab (1891–1964) and Foreign Minister Leopold Figl belonged to the federal government that brought Austria to full sovereignty in May 1955. Foreign Minister Alois Mock (born 1934) was a staunch supporter of European integration and led the Austrian delegation in the accession negotiations, which resulted in Austria's membership of the European Union from January 1, 1995. Raab, Figl and Mock had been members of Norica since their student days.

In October 1985 the daughters and sisters of Norikers founded Norica Nova, a Catholic color-bearing student union. Norica and Norica Nova are legally separate, but both use the same club premises and are planning a joint program for both associations, which they carry out together with the exception of the conventions relevant under association law.

Norica and Norica Nova today

Norica is a member of the Austrian Cartel Association (ÖCV), Norica Nova is a member of the European Cartel Association (EKV), but the same principles of the CV apply to both:

  • Religio means confession to the Catholic faith, living according to Christian principles, fulfilling the mission of the church, brotherly and sisterly bond with other Christians and respect for what is true and holy in other religions.
  • Patria means commitment to democracy and society, the Republic of Austria and a common Europe.
  • Scientia means single-minded study, impartial, lifelong pursuit of knowledge, thinking ahead, treading new paths and interdisciplinary exchange of experience.
  • Amicitia means brotherly and sisterly togetherness and cultivation of lifelong, generational friendships. Both connections expect initiative and acceptance of responsibility.

The motto also represents the philosophy of life of the liaison members. In addition to their achievements in their studies and later in their jobs, the liaison members feel obliged through constant training, joint discussions regarding the latest developments, and through involvement in politics, religion, science, culture and civil society / social area to actively participate in the development of Austria and Europe.

Norica and Norica Nova were and still are important representatives in these areas. The following examples are intended to remind us that in both connections the generations and the genders talk and act with one another on an equal footing and each work in society:

Range policy : Gernot Bluemel (Finance Minister), Michaela Steinacker (Member of Parliament), Wolfgang Gerstl (Member of Parliament), Markus Figl (district director of the first district of Vienna)

Area Religion : Burkhard Ellegast OSB (. Former Abbot Melk), Maximilian Fürnsinn CanReg (. EM, former provost Stift Herzogenburg), Christoph Konrath (Interreligious dialogue, especially Christians and Jews.)

Range science and law (in this area are particularly large Noricans as teachers and researchers at universities have worked or worked): Wolfgang Brandstetter (judge of the Constitutional Court), Helmut Türk (international law, a diplomat and former International judge.) Hildegunde Piza-Katzer (EM NcN, plastic and reconstructive surgery), Karl Aiginger (economic researcher), Boris Hartmann (virologist)

Members of the Austrian Academy of Sciences : Martin Aigner (mathematics), Ernst Bruckmüller (history), Herbert Mang (mechanics), Wolfgang Mantl (political science and constitutional law), Jörg Schmiedmayer (physics)

Area culture : Wolfgang Bandion (cultural historian), Helmuth Vavra (cabaret artist and author) Wolfgang Waldner (. Diplomat and former Culture organizer), Dieter Grohmann (filmmaker)

Range civil society / Social Services : Sebastian Huber (Virgilbus - humanity on four wheels), Judit Marte-Huainigg (Caritas), Gertraude Steindl (EM NCN, action Life)

Friendship, individuality and social equality are essential aspects for both connections. The contact with students from different fields of study is of great importance for the connections. That is why Norica and Norica Nova have been designing their program together for more than 25 years. It is precisely this unique constellation that makes the connections unique.

Known deceased members


  • Friedrich Funder, Gustav Blenk, Otto Tschulik: 75 years of Norica. Self-published by KaV Norica, Vienna 1961
  • Bernhard Moser, Otto Tschulik: 100 years of Norica. Self-published by KaVNorica, Vienna 1987
  • Gerhard Hartmann: For God and Fatherland. History and work of the CV in Austria, Kevelaer 2006
  • Ernst Bruckmüller, Engelbert Schragl (Red.): Competence and solidarity: 125 years of Norica. Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 2008, ISBN 978-3-205-78285-8

Individual evidence

  1. ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 180.
  2. transport list of the Gestapo Vienna, April 1st, 1938 (PDF, 4.85 MB): doew.at . Retrieved March 15, 2020.

Web links