Rietheim AG

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AG is the abbreviation for the canton of Aargau in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Rietheimf .
Rietheim coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Kanton AargauKanton Aargau Aargau (AG)
District : Zurzachw
BFS no. : 4316i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 5323
Coordinates : 663 121  /  272 589 coordinates: 47 ° 36 '3 "  N , 8 ° 16' 41"  O ; CH1903:  six hundred and sixty-three thousand one hundred and twenty-one  /  two hundred seventy-two thousand five hundred and eighty-nine
Height : 329  m above sea level M.
Height range : 315-512 m above sea level M.
Area : 3.94  km²
Residents: 715 (December 31, 2019)
Population density : 181 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
35.7% (December 31, 2019)
Website: www.rietheim.ch
Location of the municipality
Klingnauer Stausee Deutschland Kanton Zürich Bezirk Aarau Bezirk Baden Bezirk Brugg Bezirk Laufenburg Bad Zurzach Baldingen AG Böbikon Böttstein Döttingen AG Endingen AG Fisibach Full-Reuenthal Kaiserstuhl AG Klingnau Koblenz AG Leibstadt Lengnau AG Leuggern Mellikon Rekingen Rietheim AG Rümikon Schneisingen Siglistorf Tegerfelden WislikofenMap of Rietheim
About this picture
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Rietheim ( Swiss German : ˈriətə ) is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Aargau . It belongs to the Zurzach district and is located on the Upper Rhine on the border with Germany .


Meadow landscape on the Rhine

The village is located around one kilometer south of the Rhine at the foot of the steep north flank of the Acheberg, which belongs to the Table Jura . In a southerly direction, a deeply cut valley extends almost to the high plateau of the Acheberg. In the far north-west, the steep flank of the Laubberg (an offshoot of the Acheberg) extends almost to the river. The Rhine makes a wide bend around the village. In between lies the flat Rietheimerfeld, which has numerous subsidence in several places that arose from salt mining in the first half of the 20th century. In the north is the island of Grien. The Rhine once had a second branch of the river here, which silted up to form an oxbow river . The floodplain was restored in 2014/15 as part of the cantonal renaturation efforts. Today the Rheinaue Rietheim with the renatured side arm Chly Rhy is the largest Aargau wetland area on the Rhine. The development has grown together like a ribbon with that of Bad Zurzach.

The area of ​​the municipality is 394 hectares , of which 151 hectares are forested and 34 hectares are built over. The highest point is at 511 meters on the Acheberg plateau, the lowest at 316 meters on the Rhine. Neighboring communities are the German Küssaberg in the north, Bad Zurzach in the east and south, Klingnau in the southwest and Koblenz in the west.


Rietheim was first mentioned in a document on December 26th, 1239. Count Heinrich von Küssaberg and Lütold the Elder von Regensberg sealed a contract at that time, a Cuonradus de Rietheim appeared as a witness . He belonged to the ministerial family of the Free von Rietheim, who owned a small tower in the village. The last traces of this tower disappeared in the 19th century. The place name comes from the Old High German Hriotheim and means "Ried residence", meaning a place of residence in a swampy environment. In 1265 the Reichenau Monastery sold its property in the Zurzach region , which also included Rietheim, to the Diocese of Constance . The bishops exercised minor jurisdiction . The blood jurisdiction was in the hands of the counts of Habsburg-Laufenburg , from the first half of the 14th century it was owned by the main line of the Habsburgs .

The Confederates conquered Aargau in 1415 and ended the rule of the Habsburgs. Rietheim now belonged to the Zurzach office of the County of Baden , a common rule . In 1529 the residents of the Zurzach parish (which also included Rietheim) converted to the Reformation . After the Second Kappel War of 1531, the Reformed in the county of Baden suffered great disadvantages. In Rietheim, however, a majority remained with the Protestant denomination. The victory of the Reformed estates in the Second Villmerger War of 1712 then brought equal rights for the denominations in the common lordships.

In March 1798 the French took Switzerland and proclaimed the Helvetic Republic . Rietheim was initially a municipality in the short-lived canton of Baden , since 1803 it has belonged to the canton of Aargau. During the second half of the 19th century, many impoverished residents had to leave their home village and emigrate, and the population fell by over a third. On August 1, 1876 opened Swiss Northeastern Railway , the railway line Winterthur-Koblenz .

From 1912, the Swiss soda factory (today Solvay Switzerland ) was mining rock salt in the Rietheimerfeld . The leaching of the salt rock, which has an overburden of up to 320 meters and extends below the village center, caused massive mountain damage . Numerous houses were damaged or even had to be demolished. The ground in Rietheimerfeld sank by up to four meters and the resulting higher groundwater level caused numerous floods, which is why the groundwater level still has to be lowered in a targeted manner using pumps installed in the field. The water extracted in this way has been used to heat the school and community center since 2006. Salt production has ceased in the early 1960s and subsidence is minimal in places.

Since 2014 Rietheim has been involved in the “Rheintal +” project, which envisages the merger of nine municipalities to form the municipality of Zurzach . After the municipal assembly on May 23, 2019 approved the merger with 97 to 55 votes (contrary to the recommendation of the municipal council ), the decision was confirmed in a referendum on September 8, 2019 with 136 to 99 votes. This means that the merger will take place on January 1, 2022 (but without Mellikon , which narrowly refused).

coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms reads: "Blue ploughshare overthrown in blue." The coat of arms was first depicted on the municipal seal in 1872. Its exact meaning is not known.


The observation tower "Chly Rhy Auen"


The population developed as follows:

year 1850 1900 1930 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Residents 439 288 325 356 312 347 429 425 565 728

On December 31, 2019, 715 people lived in Rietheim, the proportion of foreigners was 35.7%. In the 2015 census, 37.6% described themselves as Roman Catholic and 22.6% as Reformed ; 39.8% were non-denominational or of another faith. In the 2000 census, 86.5% stated German as their main language, 2.8% Serbo-Croatian , 2.5% Italian , 2.1% Albanian and 1.5% Turkish .

Politics and law

The assembly of those entitled to vote, the municipal assembly , exercises legislative power. The executing authority is the five-member municipal council . He is elected by the people in the majority procedure, his term of office is four years. The parish council leads and represents the parish. To this end, it implements the resolutions of the municipal assembly and the tasks assigned to it by the canton. The Zurzach District Court is the first instance responsible for legal disputes . Rietheim belongs to the XVII (Zurzach) judges' circle.


According to the company structure statistics (STATENT) collected in 2015, there are around 180 jobs in Rietheim, 7% of them in agriculture, 10% in industry and 83% in the service sector. Most of the workers are commuters and work in Bad Zurzach and other communities in the region.


Hauptstrasse 7 runs right through the village between Basel and Winterthur . A train station on the Winterthur – Koblenz railway line of the SBB (to Waldshut and Winterthur every hour and to Bad Zurzach and Baden every half hour) provides a connection to the public transport network . A local bus line connects the village with Bad Zurzach four times a day. On weekends, a night bus runs from Baden via the Surbtal and Klingnau to Bad Zurzach.


In Rietheim there is a kindergarten and a school house where the primary school teaches. All upper levels ( secondary school , secondary school and district school ) of the compulsory elementary school can be attended in Bad Zurzach . The closest grammar schools are the Baden Cantonal School and the Wettingen Cantonal School .

Web links

Commons : Rietheim  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  2. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  3. a b Beat Zehnder: The community names of the canton of Aargau . In: Historical Society of the Canton of Aargau (Ed.): Argovia . tape 100 . Verlag Sauerländer, Aarau 1991, ISBN 3-7941-3122-3 , p. 354-355 .
  4. ^ National map of Switzerland, sheet 1050, Swisstopo.
  5. ^ The floodplain in Rietheim. Pro Natura, accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  6. Standard area statistics - municipalities according to 4 main areas. Federal Statistical Office , November 26, 2018, accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  7. ^ Philipp Zimmermann, Andreas Fretz, David Rutschmann: Grossfusion im Zurzibiet: 9 municipalities say yes to «Zurzach» - Fisibach refuses to join. Aargauer Zeitung , May 24, 2019, accessed on June 17, 2019 .
  8. Pirmin Kramer, Daniel Weissenbrunnen: Zurzibieter large merger is perfect! Eight municipalities say yes, only Mellikon refuses. Aargauer Zeitung , September 8, 2019, accessed on September 10, 2019 .
  9. ^ Joseph Galliker, Marcel Giger: Municipal coat of arms of the Canton of Aargau . Lehrmittelverlag des Kantons Aargau, book 2004, ISBN 3-906738-07-8 , p. 253 .
  10. Population development in the municipalities of the Canton of Aargau since 1850. (Excel) In: Eidg. Volkszählung 2000. Statistics Aargau, 2001, archived from the original on October 8, 2018 ; accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  11. Resident population by religious affiliation, 2015. (Excel) In: Population and Households, Community Tables 2015. Statistics Aargau, accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  12. Swiss Federal Census 2000: Economic resident population by main language as well as by districts and municipalities. (Excel) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 12, 2018 ; accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  13. ↑ circles of justice of the peace. Canton of Aargau, accessed on June 16, 2019 .
  14. Statistics of the corporate structure (STATENT). (Excel, 157 kB) Statistics Aargau, 2016, accessed on June 16, 2019 .