The Kemmu Restoration ( Japanese建武 の 新政Kenmu no Shinsei ; 1333 - 1336 ) is a brief intermediate period in Japanese history in the transition from the Kamakura period to the Muromachi period . It represents the attempt of the Tennō Go-Daigo to bring the imperial court in Kyoto back to power, which was reduced to a purely ceremonial function. The Minamoto family inherited the title Seii Taishōgun ( Shōgun for short ) in their ranks since 1192 and ruled Japan from Bakufu in Kamakura .
Tennō Go-Daigo put down the previous Shōgun in 1333 and made his own son, Prince Moriyoshi , (also known as Prince Morinaga) the Shōgun, giving him command of the military. The samurai Ashikaga Takauji (1305-1358) rebelled against Prince Moriyoshi and disempowered him. Prince Moriyoshi was killed by Ashikaga Takauji's younger brother Ashikaga Tadayoshi in 1335. The attempt to restore the Tennō Go-Daigo finally failed in 1336, and the imperial court split into the northern and southern dynasties . The dispute lasted until 1392 when the dynasty was united under the leadership of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu .
Until the end of the Edo period , the Tennō remained powerless.