Ludwig I of Löwenstein
Ludwig I von Löwenstein (born September 29, 1463 in Heidelberg , † March 28, 1523 in Löwenstein ) was the founder of the Löwenstein-Wertheim family .
Ludwig was a son of the Elector Friedrich the Victorious (1425–1476) of the Palatinate from his connection with Klara Tott (or Dett). His father had met the maid of honor at the Herzogshof in Munich in 1459. They had the two sons Ludwig and his older brother Friedrich (1461–1474) together.
In 1474, Elector Friedrich, with the consent of his nephew and successor Philipp , appointed several persons to be the guardians of his only surviving son Ludwig. Among them was u. a. the Elector Palatine protonotarius Alexander Bellendörfer .
In 1482 Ludwig undertook a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the group of Margrave Frederick the Elder of Brandenburg , from which he returned safely.
In 1485 Ludwig bought the Eschelbronn fiefdom and was the landlord of the village until 1521 .
From a dynastic point of view, Frederick had always stood up for his nephew Philip, from whom he obtained the subsequent church blessing of his relationship and the princely care of his sons. Philip first bequeathed the rule of Scharfeneck to Ludwig and in 1488 the Palatinate County of Löwenstein . 1492 acquired Ludwig continue the domination Abstatt with the castle Wildeck and was on 24 February 1494 by the Roman-German King Maximilian I in the imperial counts charged.
Ludwig married Elisabeth von Montfort († 1503) in his first marriage in 1488 and Sophia Böcklin († 1510) widow of Konrad III in 1509 . from Tübingen . From his first marriage he had ten children, including his sons and successors Ludwig II (1498–1536) and Friedrich I (1502–1541).
Ludwig I is considered to be the progenitor of the Löwenstein-Wertheim family with the lines of the Protestant princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg and the Catholic princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, which still exist today .
Ludwig married Elisabeth von Montfort's first marriage in 1488 († January 13, 1503). The couple had the following children:
- Margarete (June 28, 1489; † 1489)
- Elisabeth (June 8, 1490; † 1530)
- ⚭ Count Oswald II von Tierstein (* August 27, 1474; † 1514)
- ⚭ 1524 Georg Würtwein
- Wolfgang (April 2, 1491 - April 28, 1491)
- Ludwig (* / † March 1492)
- Wolfgang (March 25, 1493; † April 15, 1512) ⚭ January 15, 1512 Elisabeth von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (* November 18, 1495; † 1540), daughter of Count Kraft VI.
- Katharina (born April 25, 1497 - † September 10, 1541), nun in Lichtenstern
- Ludwig II (April 28, 1498; † 1536) ⚭ December 16, 1525 Anna Schenk von Limpurg († 1536)
- Klara (April 28, 1499 - February 6, 1568), nun in Lobenfeld Monastery
- Johanna (born July 20, 1500 - † January 10, 1520), nun in Lichtenstern
- Friedrich I. (* August 19, 1502; † February 3, 1541) ⚭ June 16, 1524 Helena von Königsegg (* March 15, 1509; † April 20, 1566)
- Ludwig III. von Löwenstein-Wertheim (February 17, 1530 - March 13, 1611)
- Harald Stockert: Nobility in transition. The princes and counts of Löwenstein-Wertheim between state rule and class rule. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2000. ISBN 3-17-016605-0
- Hans and Marga Rall: The Wittelsbachers - From Otto I. to Elisabeth I. , Weltbild (1994) ISBN 3-85001-485-1
- Isenburg, WK Prinz von, European Family Tables, Volume III 1976
- Genealogical handbook of the nobility, Princely Houses 1964
- ^ Johann Friederich Reiger: Erased Chur-Pfaltz-Simmerische Stamms-Linie , Frankfurt am Main, 1735, p. 16; (Digital scan)
- ↑ Werner Paravicini (ed.): European travel reports of the late Middle Ages. An analytical bibliography. Part 1. Christian Halm: German travel reports (= Kiel work pieces; series D, contributions to European history of the late Middle Ages. Vol. 5). Lang, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 1994, ISBN 978-3-631-47130-2 , p. 196 No. 84
- ^ Letter of purchase about the castle and village of Eschelbronn from Albrecht von Venningen for Ludwig I of Bavaria, Count von Löwenstein and Scharfeneck (1485, copy) in the German Digital Library .
|SURNAME||Ludwig I of Löwenstein|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ludwig von Scharffeneck|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Count of Löwenstein; Founder of the Löwenstein-Wertheim family|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 29, 1463|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Heidelberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 28, 1523|
|Place of death||Lion's Arch|