County of Tecklenburg

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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
County of Tecklenburg
coat of arms
DEU County Tecklenburg COA.svg
Locator County of Tecklenburg (1560) .svg
County of Tecklenburg with Rheda, 1560

Form of rule monarchy
Ruler / government Count

Reichskreis Lower Rhine-Westphalian
Capitals / residences Tecklenburg
Dynasties Bentheim-Tecklenburg
Language / n German
surface 330 km²

The county of Tecklenburg was a territory of the Holy Roman Empire. It was in the Westphalian Empire and was 330 km² in size. Since 1707 the county was part of Brandenburg-Prussia .


Around Tecklenburg Castle in the southwest of Osnabrück , Ekbert I and the following Counts of Tecklenburg built an extensive territory between the rivers Hunte and Ems . Until 1173 the counts owned the bailiwick of the diocese of Münster . Between 1180 and 1236 they were also owned by the Bailiwick of the Osnabrück diocese . At that time, the county was the strongest power in this area alongside rival Ravensberg county . In the struggle for power at the imperial level in the 12th and 13th centuries, the Tecklenburg supporters of Lothar von Süpplingenburg and the Guelphs . Simon I acquired the rule of Ibbenbüren in 1189 .

After the Counts of Tecklenburg died out in 1262, the county passed to the Counts of Bentheim . Between 1328 and 1562 it belonged to the Counts of Schwerin . In 1365 they were able to acquire the rule of Rheda . However, in 1400 they lost the northern parts of the county with the offices of Cloppenburg , Friesoythe and Bevergern to the bishopric of Münster . From then on, the state estates were represented in the county’s state parliament by only ten goods eligible for state parliament: House Marck , House Cappeln (near Westerkappeln), House Hülshoff (near Tecklenburg), House Kirstapel (near Lienen), House Kronenburg (near Lengerich), House Langenbrück ( near Westerkappeln), Haus Meesenburg (near Ledde), Haus Schollbruch (near Lengerich), Haus Velpe (near Westerkappeln) and Haus Vortlage (near Lengerich).

Konrad von Tecklenburg-Schwerin was the first sovereign in the Westphalian region to introduce the Reformation . He joined the Schmalkaldic League . After his defeat he had to cede Lingen , Ibbenbüren, Brochterbeck , Recke and Mettingen to Emperor Karl V in 1548 and the County of Lingen was established. The village of shell remained with the county of Tecklenburg.

By avoiding the inheritance claims of the house of Solms-Braunfels , the county of Tecklenburg came to Arnold II (IV.) In 1557 at Bentheim-Tecklenburg . His son Adolf founded his own line in Tecklenburg in 1609. In 1588 the counts introduced the reformed denomination .

As a result of a ruling by the Reich Chamber of Commerce , the county of Tecklenburg fell to the Solms family in 1696. Count Wilhelm Moritz von Solms-Braunfels sold Tecklenburg to Prussia in 1707 . In a Berlin comparison , the Count's House of Bentheim-Tecklenburg waived all claims against Prussia in 1729.

The area came to the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1808 , before it fell to France in 1811 and Prussia again in 1813. The area of ​​the county belonged to the Prussian province of Westphalia from 1815 on and became part of the Tecklenburg district in 1816 , which existed until 1975.

Family coat of arms

Family coat of arms of the Counts of Tecklenburg

The coat of arms of the Counts of Tecklenburg shows three (2: 1) red sea ​​leaves in silver . On the helmet a silver wing covered with the three leaves.

Ruling Counts of Tecklenburg

Ruling Counts of the County of Tecklenburg from the House of Tecklenburg (1139–1262)
Reign Ruler Remarks
1139-1150 Ekbert I. von Tecklenburg (* around 1090 - † February 4, 1150)
1150-1156 Heinrich I of Tecklenburg (* around 1115; † November 22, 1156)
1156-1202 Simon I of Tecklenburg (* around 1140; † August 8, 1202)
1202-1263 Otto I. von Tecklenburg (* around 1185; † September 11, 1263)
1202-1226 Heinrich II of Tecklenburg († before 1226) Co-regent
1235 / 40-1247 Henry III. of Tecklenburg († 1247) Co-regent
Ruling Counts of the County of Tecklenburg from the House of Bentheim (1262–1328)
Reign Ruler Remarks
1263-1279 Otto II von Bentheim-Tecklenburg (* around 1248, † around 1279) by marrying Heilwig von Tecklenburg, heiress
1279-1285 Otto III. of Tecklenburg († around 1285)
1285-1307 Otto IV of Tecklenburg-Ibbenbüren († 1307)
1307-1328 Otto V († 1329) Vorerbe, died childless
Ruling Counts of the County of Tecklenburg from the House of Schwerin (1328–1562)
Reign Ruler Remarks
1328-1360 / 67 Nikolaus I von Schwerin, Count of Tecklenburg († 1360/67) oldest nephew of Otto V.
1360 / 67-1388 Otto VI. of Tecklenburg († 1388)
1388-1426 Nicholas II of Tecklenburg († 1426) lost the rule of Bevergern and the northern offices of Cloppenburg and Friesoythe
1426-1450 Otto VII of Tecklenburg († 1450)
1450-1508 Nicholas III of Tecklenburg († 1508) left the County of Iburg to his brother Otto VIII and the County of Lingen to his son Nikolaus IV in 1493 .
1508-1534 Otto IX. of Tecklenburg († 1534)
1534-1557 Konrad von Tecklenburg-Schwerin (* 1501; † June 6 or 16, 1557) In 1541 he inherited the county of Lingen from his uncle Nikolaus IV , Anna von Tecklenburg's sole heir; he initiated the Reformation in the county
Ruling Counts of the County of Tecklenburg from the House of Bentheim (1562–1696)
Reign Ruler Remarks
1557-1562 Eberwin III. von Bentheim-Steinfurt (* 1536; † February 19, 1562) Marriage (1553) of the only heiress of those from Tecklenburg-Schwerin, Anna von Tecklenburg .
1562-1606 Arnold II of Bentheim-Tecklenburg (10/11 October 1554 - 11 January 1606)
1606-1623 Adolf von Bentheim zu Tecklenburg and Rheda
1623-1674 Moritz von Bentheim-Tecklenburg
1674-1701 Johann Adolf von Bentheim-Tecklenburg lost in 1700 through a process Tecklenburg

See also


  • August Karl Holsche : Historical-topographical-statistical description of the Graffschaft Tecklenburg together with some special state ordinances with notes, as a contribution to the complete description of Westphalia . Berlin / Frankfurt 1788 ( ).
  • Essellen: history of the county of Tecklenburg . Leipzig 1877.
  • Alfred Bruns: County of Tecklenburg . In: Gerhard Taddey (Hrsg.): Lexicon of German history . People, events, institutions. From the turn of the times to the end of the 2nd World War. 2nd, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1983, ISBN 3-520-80002-0 , p. 1221.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Volker Innemann: Only for aristocratic landowners. Before Tecklenburg became Prussian, it had its own state parliament. In: Our circle. Yearbook for the Steinfurt district. Vol. 24. (2011), pp. 50–54, here p. 52.
  2. No. 1 of the Imperial and Reich Cammer Court to the Highly Praised General Assembly of the Reich in Regenspurg: sub dato Wetzlar, July 26th, 1703; in judged and exequired matters Solms contra Bentheim 1722. Retrieved on October 9, 2019 .
  3. Notice. In: Munster intelligence sheet. Münster State Library, November 18, 1813, accessed on October 9, 2019 .
  4. ^ Max von Spießen: Book of arms of the Westphalian nobility. Görlitz 1901-1903, volume 1. p. 124 , accessed on October 9, 2019 .