Rule Schleiden

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The rule Schleiden (since 1602 Grafschaft Schleiden ) was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire in the Eifel around the city of Schleiden .

Time of the Lords of Schleiden

An Eppo de Scleydo had already called himself Herr von Schleiden in 1104 and according to the document he was from Schleiden in the county of Rode where he had a farm on Schleidebach in Alsdorf. This is where the name Von Schleiden originated because it was first written in 1051 as Epponi van Aldendorf. Gerard I von Schleiden became master of Alsdorf on the Schleidebach farm.

Gerard I his son Gerard II van Schleiden became lord of Blankenheim and Schleiden and his sons Gerard III became lord of Blankenheim and Konrad became lord of Schleiden in the Eifel. Gerard II was the founder of Blankenberg.

Konrad von Schleiden was the actual founder of the Lord von Schleiden family in the Eifel in the 12th century. Schleiden Castle in the Eifel was mentioned there in 1121 or, according to other sources, in 1198. In the early days there were frequent disputes with the Steinfeld monastery over property rights, which the lords of Schleiden often had to give in.Since 1271 the Counts of Luxembourg were feudal lords of Schleiden.

In 1301, the aristocrat Arnold von Reuland sold the village of Mürringen and the associated forest to Friedrich von Schleiden. From that moment on, the baronial rule Moerungen or Moyryngen belonged to Schleiden County until the end of the 18th century. Today the village is on Belgian territory.

Johann I von Schleiden († 1379/81) was entrusted by the king with maintaining the Maas-Rhine peace alliance agreed in 1351 . In 1343/44 Conrad IV accepted the castle, outer bailey and valley Schleiden as a Luxembourg fief. But there were also feudal relationships with the Counts of Jülich .

Manderscheid-Schleiden line

Johann II, the last lord of Schleiden, Conrad IV's son, died in 1445. Elisabeth († 1469), one of his daughters, was with Count Dietrich III. married by Manderscheid . He became the founder of three lines of the Manderscheid family . This included the Manderscheid-Schleiden line . The line in Schleiden existed until 1593. By marriage in 1487, the dominions Kronenburg and Neuerburg came to Schleiden. Under Dietrich IV von Schleiden the rule of Kerpen was added by marriage in 1525 and the county of Virneburg by inheritance in 1525 . Commercial life was encouraged under his reign, and iron smelting rose. Dietrich negotiated for Emperor Charles V in Schmalkalden . At the time of Dietrich VI. (1560–1593) the Reformation was introduced.

Marck-Schleiden line

After his death there were inheritance disputes. The brother-in-law Philipp von der Marck prevailed. He became the founder of the Marck-Schleiden line. Under his rule, the territory was elevated to an imperial county. It belonged to the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Imperial Circle and the Count had a seat in the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Imperial Counts College . Nevertheless, there was still a feudal connection to Luxembourg. A dispute arose over this between Luxembourg and the Duchy of Jülich in 1610. Luxembourg prevailed here. Under Ernst von Schleiden (1613–1654) the Counter Reformation began in 1619 .

In the 17th century, the county was increasingly subjected to the rule of Luxembourg . Together with Luxembourg, the county of Schleiden was affected by the French reunion policy between 1682 and 1697 under Louis XIV . As French partisans, the Counts von der Marck-Schleiden were more positive about this and distinguished themselves in French military service. After the end of the French era, the county only became imperial again to a limited extent, as the emperors had acquired the southern Netherlands with Luxembourg since 1714.

End of the county

The Marck-Schleiden line died out in 1773. The property fell to the Arenberg family . Between 1798 and 1814, the county was part of France after it was conquered in the First Coalition War and the French annexation of the left bank of the Rhine and the peace treaties of Campo Formio and Lunéville . During this time the territory was assigned to the Département de la Roer . Then the area fell to the Kingdom of Prussia through the Congress of Vienna (1815) and became part of the Rhine Province (1822).

List of the Counts of Schleiden

  1. Ernst von der Marck, Count von Schleiden (1590–1654) ⚭ 1st Sibylle von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1604–1621); 2. Anna Margareta von Manderscheid (1606–1630); 3. Katharina Reicherts (1620–1645)
    1. Johann Friedrich von Schleiden (1617–1674)
    2. Franz Anton von der Marck in Schleiden (1640–1680) ⚭ Katharina Charlotte von Wallenrodt (1648–1726)
      1. Johann Berthold Franz (1672–1697)
      2. Ludwig Peter Engelbert von der Marck, Count von Schleiden (1674–1750) ⚭ 1. Marie Marguerite Françoise de Rohan-Chabot (1680–1706), daughter of Louis de Rohan (1652–1727)
        1. Louis Pierre de la Marck, Marquis de Vardes (1701–1773) ⚭ 1. Marie Anne de Visdelou († 1731); 2. Marie Anne de Noailles (* 1719) (daughter of Adrien-Maurice de Noailles )
          1. Louis Jules (1731-1734)
          2. Louise Marguerite (1730–1820) ⚭ Karl von Arenberg (1721–1778)
            1. Ludwig Engelbert von Arenberg (1750-1820), compensated with the Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen in the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss
            2. August Maria Raimund von Arenberg (1753-1833), French military and member of the Constituent Assembly
        2. Felicitas Charlotte (* 1704)
      3. Julius August (1680–1753), governor of Jülich
    3. Engelbert
    4. Marie Magdalene († before 1677) ⚭ Johann Moritz von Janitz
    5. Katharina Franziska († before 1677), nun in Liège


Individual evidence

  1. History of Mürringen , accessed on February 5, 2017

Web links