County of Gimborn

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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
County of Gimborn
coat of arms
Coat of arms of the Prince of Schwarzenberg 1792.jpg
Map Mark Westfalen.jpg
Map section Le Comte de la Marck Sanson 1692. Free imperial rule Gimborn and the borders to the Duchy of Berg.
Alternative names Imperial rule of
Gimborn and Neustadt
Arose from New Town Office of the
County of Mark
Form of rule monarchy
Ruler / government Count / Oberamtmann
12 Landschöffen

Reich register 52 fl.

Dynasties 1619/31: Schwarzenberg,
1782: Wallmoden
Denomination / Religions possibly
Language / n German
surface 3 1/2 sq. M
Residents approx. 15000
Incorporated into 1806: Ghzm Berg

The rule of Gimborn was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire , since 1631 it was directly imperial . Today it belongs to the Bergisches Land and includes the towns of Bergneustadt , Gummersbach and Marienheide , to which today's district of Gimborn belongs.


In 1273, the tradition begins with the pledging of the previously small knight's seat of the Counts von Berg to the Counts von der Mark, before Gimborn Castle was married to the Schwarzenberg family from Main Franconia in 1550 . Adam von Schwarzenberg was the first Brandenburg minister and achieved that Gimborn was raised to the rule of Brandenburg and the Palatinate . As a result of the Thirty Years' War and the dispute over the inheritance of the Jülich-Kleve-Berg estate, Adam von Schwarzenberg used the favor of his sovereign to acquire the entire Neustadt office as an imperial fief (Neustadt-Gimborn) and thus achieve imperial immediacy.

In 1631 Schwarzenberg was enfeoffed by Elector Georg Wilhelm, which should lead to the recognition of the imperial immediacy of this rule by the Kaiser, but was only confirmed in 1658 with a land comparison; at the same time disputes between authorities and subjects were compared. In 1667 Schwarzenberg made a vain attempt to gain imperial status. In 1682 the House of Schwarzenberg received a seat and vote in the Lower Rhine-Westphalian district council because of Gimborn and Neustadt, and from 1702 also a seat and vote with the Westphalian counts in the Reichstag, after it had promised to share 1 on horseback and 5 on foot in the Registration notice of the county of Mark, which had to carry it as a circular notice, to take over another 20 florins - or 1 on horseback and 2 on foot; so Gimborn-Neustadt had a registration number of 2 on horseback and 7 on foot, that is 52 guilders per Roman month. Since 1776, a contribution of 8 Reichstaler 30 Kreuzer was fixed for each appointment ( = destination ) to maintain the court. In 1782 Schwarzenberg sold this territory to the Hanoverian general Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn , who was raised to the rank of imperial count on January 17, 1783 and was also introduced to the Westphalian imperial count college. Around 1800, Wallmoden commissioned the military cartographer Rummel to record the imperial rule of Gimborn-Neustadt with measurements and to depict it on a map. Three copies of this " Rummelkarte " on a scale of 1: 11,300 have survived .

It is doubtful whether at that time (1783) the imperial rule of Gimborn-Neustadt literally became a county - in the contemporary topographical works one can only find the “Wallmodian rule of Gimborn and Neustadt”. Perhaps only the title of owner has been transferred to the property.

In 1806 the rule of Gimborn-Neustadt came to the Grand Duchy of Berg and was administered as the canton of Gummersbach in the Siegen arrondissement of the Sieg department. After the Wars of Liberation, the territory came to Prussia in June 1815 as part of the Grand Duchy of Lower Rhine Province and formed the Gimborn district from 1816 to 1819 .


The territory of the imperial rule Gimborn-Neustadt included the following localities around 1800:


  • Franz Josef Burghardt : The beginnings of the Schwarzenberg rule Gimborn-Neustadt 1610–1624 . In: Contributions to Oberbergische Geschichte, Vol. 9 (2007), pp. 33–44.
  • AF Büsching: Earth description ... , part 6, 7th edition 1790

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Art. 24 of the Rhine Federation Act
  2. ^ Wilhelm Fabricius : Explanations of the historical atlas of the Rhine province, Die Karte von 1789 , Volume 2, Bonn 1898, S. 353 ff.