|Height :||37 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||33.95 km²|
|Residents :||1280 (Dec. 31, 2015)|
|Population density :||38 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||48496|
|Area code :||05457|
Location of Shell in North Rhine-Westphalia
Shell is a district of the municipality of Hopsten on the northernmost tip of the Westphalian region of Tecklenburger Land ( Steinfurt district ). Due to its extensive border location with Lower Saxony , it is known as the gateway to Westphalia .
Shell lies in the northern tip of the Tecklenburger Land . To the south is bordered Hopsten at, in the east Halverde . On the Lower Saxony side, the communities of Schapen and Freren in the Emsland and the community of Fürstenau in the Osnabrücker Land border on Shell. The Wiechholzer Aa and the Schaler Aa flow through the place and connect in it.
Around 20 percent of the area is under nature protection. Important nature reserves are:
- The Finkenfeld, a wet meadow area.
- The Koffituten , an intact high moor .
- The Wiechholz forest area, very old, natural trees.
Shell (old: Scaldi ) was already settled in prehistoric times, as several barrows and urn finds prove. In the 9th century, the language of a donation of abbey-free courts in bowls by priest Castus to the abbey of Werden is for the first time. The transfer list of BECOMING monastery designate in 890 five names of people who had to pay the taxes. According to further evidence from 1150, the Werdener Oberhof in Schapen also received taxes.
1200 to 1500
From 1226 onwards, the Knights of Shell can be verified as authorized servants of the Tecklenburger Counts . These lived in shells between the 13th and 14th centuries. In 1250, Johannes and Lambertus Zeymones and their cousin Heinrich Zeymones gave their farms to the Bishop of Osnabrück and emigrated to Riga as traders . On October 21, 1278, the Osnabrück bishop Konrad II of Rietberg founded the monastery shell , which was equipped with the court (large) Dresselhaus and the Emskamp Kotten. The emigrated to Riga Lehnsnehmer family Seyme (Zeymones), dispensed in the same year in favor of the monastery on their property. With this, Bishop Konrad II transferred the property to nuns of the nearby Börstel monastery .
1500 to 1700
In 1533, the Osnabrück bishop Franz von Waldeck refused to buy the monastery shell. As early as 1534, when he took office, Count Konrad from Tecklenburg bought the monastery and all of its lands. This then led to considerable tension between the Tecklenburger Count and the Osnabrück bishops. As early as 1535, Count Konrad converted the monastery into a Protestant parish . After the Schmalkaldic War, the county of Tecklenburg lost numerous areas to Osnabrück and Münster. Shell, however, remains as an exclave with the county. At the beginning of the Thirty Years War , the monastery probably fell victim to a fire.
1700 to 1900
With the sale of the County of Tecklenburg in 1707, Shell becomes part of Prussia . The Gasthaus Zur Alten Post was built in 1719. Here already are Frederick the Great and Napoleon Bonaparte stayed. The inscription on the gable of the restaurant indicates that old Fritz was staying overnight . In 1811, the shell becomes an independent municipality and after Napoleonic rule it belongs to the Tecklenburg district, which was founded in 1816 . From then on, the municipality of Halverde belonged to the mayor's office in shell and from 1851 to the shell office . On September 1, 1874, the first post office in Shell opens and from 1883 the Office Shell takes over the administration of the community of Hopsten .
1900 until today
As early as 1917, the joint administration was relocated to Hopsten. On May 29, 1967, a Starfighter F-104 of the Hopsten Air Base crashed on Wiesengrund , where both pilots were able to save themselves by parachute. As part of the municipal reorganization, the municipality of Shell was merged with the two other municipalities (Halverde and Hopsten) of the Hopsten office, which was dissolved at the same time, to form the new municipality of Hopsten on January 1, 1975. In today's competition Our Village Has Future , Shell has already successfully participated several times and in 2005 it was named Gold Village at the district level . Shell achieved its greatest success in 2006 at the state level by winning the silver medal.
coat of arms
The former municipality of Shell (Westphalia) was given a certificate from the Münster district government of December 4, 1969 to use the coat of arms described below.
Blazon : "In red a silver ladder sloping to the right, accompanied by a silver lily pad on top."
The ladder is a reference to the monastery bowl , whose name ad Scalam dei is the origin of the place name. Translated, this means "to heaven's ladder" or "to the ladder of God". The water lily leaf indicates the historical connection to the county of Tecklenburg , they come from the Tecklenburger county coat of arms
Mayor of the former municipality of Shell
- 1968–1975 Wilhelm Lömker (CDU)
- 1958–1968 Wilhelm Lageschulte (CDU)
Shell is almost exclusively agricultural.
- Trade and services: 60
- Crafts and trades: 115
- Agriculture and forestry: 102
There is a Protestant elementary school in the village, as part of the Franziskus elementary school from Hopsten. The secondary schools are in Hopsten (Hauptschule or Realschule and Gymnasiale Oberstufe) and in Recke (Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium), as well as Fürstenau (comprehensive school) to which there is a bus service.
Frederick the Great and Napoléon Bonaparte are said to have slept in the restaurant "Zur alten Post" in a shell . Napoleon's horse is said to be buried under a lonely tree on Napoleon's Dam. The overnight stay of "old Fritz" is made clear by a saying that is inscribed in the gable of the inn.
Along with the other Halverde district in Hopsten, the shell is one of the few places in Germany where two different Volksbanks ( VR-Bank Kreis Steinfurt and Volksbank Süd-Emsland ) have a branch. The reason for this was the announced withdrawal of the former Volksbank Tecklenburger Land from shell. The former Volksbank Spelle-Freren eG (after the merger, today's Volksbank Süd-Emsland eG) had agreed to open a branch outside of Lower Saxony at the request of Schaler Bürger. As a result, the then Volksbank Tecklenburger Land decided not to give up the Schaler branch. However, since the rental contracts had already been terminated and Volksbank Spelle-Freren had taken them over, Volksbank Tecklenburger Land had to build a new building.
The measuring position marks the Tecklenburg border triangle. This is where Tecklenburg, Lingen and Osnabrück meet. This place is reminiscent of an emergency chapel in which emergency services were held in the 18th century.
- Gottfried Busse among others: 1100 years bowl. From 7 centuries of a former monastery church and its parish . Published by the municipality of Hopsten. Hopsten 1978, .
- Sebastian Kreyenschulte, Christof Spannhoff: As a bowl stepped into the light of history. Contributions to the early history of the site , Münster 2015, ISBN 978-3-95902-119-7 .
- Christa Tepe (Red.) Among others: bowl. A village introduces itself . Published by the municipality of Hopsten. Ibbenbürener Vereindruckerei, Ibbenbüren 1991, ISBN 3-921290-54-6 .
- Population of shell newspaper article of the IVZ from January 15, 2016
- In Ibbenbürener Volkszeitung on May 31, 1967: "Dreierwalder Starfighter crashes in shell"
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 318 .
- In Ibbenbürener Volkszeitung on July 31, 1999: "CDU developed into a formative force in the Hopsten community"