Ludwig IV (Hessen-Marburg)

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Ludwig IV of Hessen-Marburg
Bust of Ludwig IV in the grave he made during his lifetime

Ludwig IV of Hessen-Marburg (born May 27, 1537 in Kassel ; † October 9, 1604 in Marburg ), known as the elder or testator , was the founder and only Landgrave of Hessen-Marburg .


Ludwig was a son of Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (1504–1567) from his marriage to Christine (1505–1549), daughter of Duke Georg of Saxony . Ludwig received training at the court of Duke Christoph von Württemberg . He married on May 10, 1563 in Stuttgart Hedwig von Württemberg (1547-1590), daughter of Duke Christoph, and in second marriage on July 4, 1591 in Marburg Countess Maria von Mansfeld-Hinterort (* after March 3, 1567; † between 1625 and 1635), daughter of Count (Hans) Johann I von Mansfeld- Hinterort (–1567) and Margarete von Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Celle (1534–1596).

After the death of his father, the inheritance was divided between his four sons. Ludwig inherited Hessen-Marburg , that is, Upper Hesse with Marburg and the Gießen fortress . This corresponded to about a quarter of the previous Landgraviate of Hesse .

Ludwig was considered a good housekeeper, arranged the finances of his inheritance, and reorganized the schools and the University of Marburg . The Marburg Castle was renovated by its master builder Ebert Baldewein . He tried to peacefully enlarge his territory; so he bought parts of the Fulda Mark in 1570 from the Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken and in 1583 the remainder from the Count of Nassau-Weilburg . After the childless death of his brother Philipp in 1583 he was also given the offices of Lißberg , Ulrichstein and Itter .

Death and consequences

When Ludwig died in 1604, he did not leave any descendants entitled to inherit. In 1597 he had decreed in his will that his nephews, the Landgraves Moritz von Hessen-Kassel (son of his brother Wilhelm ), and Ludwig V von Hessen-Darmstadt (son of his brother Georg ) inherit him, but the denominational Lutheran status in Hessen- Marburg should preserve. This is how Hessen-Marburg was divided. He himself was buried in the Lutheran parish church in Marburg.

Landgrave Moritz subsequently tried to enforce the Reformed Confession in the part of the former Landgraviate Hesse-Marburg he had inherited . In 1605 he used force against the University of Marburg. Many professors then fled to the Lutheran Landgrave Ludwig V of Hessen-Darmstadt, who initially founded a grammar school with them in Gießen, which was elevated to the University of Gießen on May 19, 1607 by Emperor Rudolf II .

His Kassel and Darmstadt nephews carried out a bitter process for the extensive Wittum of his second wife Maria and the fiefdom of his former steward Philipp Ludwig von Baumbach , from which they ultimately emerged victorious due to a settlement forced by massive pressure .


Web links

Commons : Ludwig IV of Hessen-Marburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Philip I of Hesse Landgrave of Hessen-Marburg
Moritz von Hessen-Kassel
Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt