Sashadhar Mukerji

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Sashadhar Mukerji ( S. Mukherjee ; Bengali শশধর মুখার্জী Śaśadhar Mukhārjī ; born September 29, 1909 in Jhansi , † November 3, 1990 in Bombay ) was an Indian producer of Hindi films .


Sashadhar Mukerji began his film work at Bombay Talkies , where he also housed his brothers-in-law Ashok , Anoop , Arun and Kishore Kumar , to whose only sister Satirani Devi he was married. In 1939 Mukerji produced for Bombay Talkies Kangan , Franz Osten's last Indian film . After the death of the studio founder Himansu Rai , he took over the management of the company together with his widow Devika Rani . The joint management of the company caused a dispute after a short time, which is why two production units were formed in 1941: one around the director Gyan Mukherjee with Sashadhar Mukerji as producer and one around the director Amiya Chakravarty under Devika Rani's direction. Gyan Mukherjee's debut film Jhoola (1941) was Sashadhar's third production in a row with Leela Chitnis and Ashok Kumar as stars after Kangan (1939) and Bandhan (1940, directed by NR Acharya ) .

By 1943 the differences with Devika Rani were irreconcilable. After the production of Kismet , a particularly successful film in India, Mukerji's production group split off from Bombay Talkies and together with Rai Bahadur Chunilal , Ashok Kumar and Gyan Mukherjee he founded the film company Filmistan (German: "Land of Films") on the premises of the former film company Sharda . In 1944 Mukerji's first Filmistan film Chal Chal Re Naujawan came out. Sashadhar Mukerji pushed the focus of film distribution advertising on the stars of the film and above all on music, making the production company the most influential studio of the post-independence era in all of India. At times, Filmistan was considered a film factory, as Mukerji had mid-budget films produced on the assembly line according to the same pattern.

In 1958 Sashadhar Mukerji left Filmistan and founded his own film studio Filmalaya in the Andheri district of Bombay . From 1960 he passed his work on to his son Joy Mukherjee . His last production was Leader (1964).

He was the beginning of a whole dynasty of filmmakers. His younger brother Subodh Mukherjee was a director and another brother Probodh Mukherjee was a producer. Some of his six children (Rono, Joy, Deb , Shomu , Shibani and Subhir) were in the film industry. His son Shomu became a producer and married the actress Tanuja , with whom he has two daughters, the actresses Kajol and Tanisha . Sashadhar's great-niece (granddaughter of his older stepbrother Ravidramohan) is the actress Rani Mukerji .

He was awarded the Padma Shri . He was a member of the jury at the 1967 Berlinale .

Filmography (selection)

  • 1939: Kangan
  • 1940: Bandhan
  • 1941: Jhoola
  • 1941: Naya Sansar
  • 1943: Kismet
  • 1959: Dil Deke Dekho
  • 1960: Love in Simla
  • 1962: Ek Musafir Ek Hasina
  • 1964: Leader

Web links

Individual evidence