City of Ortenberg
|Height :||173 (168–210) m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||7.03 km²|
|Residents :||973 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||138 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1971|
|Postal code :||63683|
|Area code :||06046|
View of Lißberg with the compensation pond of the Nidder power plant
The small town of Lißberg is located on the eastern edge of the Wetterau in the western foothills of the Vogelsberg and north of the Büdinger Forest . The Nidder and the Hillersbach as their right northern tributary enclose the old town and the castle shortly before the two bodies of water unite. The district area is 703 hectares, of which 384 hectares are forested (status: 1961).
The castle Lißberg must have been built around 1200, probably on an older Celtic ring wall. On November 22nd, 1222 a "Wernherus de Liebesberc" is mentioned. This is also the date of the first mention of Lißberg. The name changed in the past and came up with a wide variety of spellings: Liebesberc, Lybesborg, Liebesberg to today's Lißberg.
The first members of the Lißberg family appeared at the beginning of the 13th century. The noble lords of Lißberg originally belonged to the high nobility, but lost this quality early on, presumably through unequal marriages, which can be deduced from the fact that in 1323 Rupert von Buches , a member of the knighthood, was referred to as consanguineus Werners von Lisberg (Orig. St. A. Darmst.). A descent from the gentlemen of Büdingen is assumed . The Lißbergers lived mainly from their customs income . They soon fell under the suzerainty of the Counts of Ziegenhain . The Lißberg family died out with Friedrich in 1396 in the male line. From 1455 the Landgraves of Hesse were the sole owners of the castle.
In 1604 Lißberg obtained city rights , which it lost again over time. In 1796 the city was almost completely cremated by the French. The castle was sold for demolition in the 19th century.
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Lißberg in 1830:
"Lißberg (L. Bez. Nidda) city; is located in Vogelsberg an der Nidder, 2 St. from Nidda, has 83 houses and 522 inhabitants, who are Protestant except for 1 Catholics. Of the inhabitants, 17 belong to the farmers, 58 to the trade and 15 are day laborers. One finds 1 church, 1 old castle, called the Rumpelsburg, which stands on a basalt knoll and is partly still inhabited by a tenant, 4 mills and the Breitenheide farm. Among the tradespeople are several needlers who manufacture pins and sell them at the Frankfurt trade fairs. The town holds 3 cattle and grocer's markets every year. At Lißberg there is a small pond, the water of which is exceptionally clear, but in which there are no fish. In winter, the millers channel this water into their mill trenches, and this usually prevents them from freezing over. The lett or mud of this pond is gray, and smells like lazy eyes. - Lißberg once had their own masters who took their name from Lißberg Castle, then called Liebesberg. In the 14th century the place had only one chapel, which belonged to the church of Schwickartshausen. Hermann von Liebesberg donated an altar in his castle Liebesberg in 1345, which was dedicated to the Heil. Pankratius was consecrated. Lißberg was a special court that fell from the Lords of Lißberg to the county of Nidda as an opened fief. In 1418 the Counts Johann and Gottfried von Ziegenhain sold half of their Lißberg Castle. "
In the run-up to the regional reform in Hesse , the state government approved the merger of the cities of Lißberg and Ortenberg and the communities of Bergheim, Bleichenbach, Eckartsborn, Usenborn and Wippenbach in the district of Büdingen into one city with the name of Ortenberg with effect from July 1, 1971 . Since the completion of the regional reform in August 1972 Lißberg has been in the Wetterau district . For Lißberg, as for every part of the city, a local district with a local advisory council and a local mayor was established. The boundaries of the local districts follow the previous district boundaries.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Lißberg was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1567: Holy Roman Empire , Landgraviate Hessen , Amt Lißberg
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Office Ulrichstein (sons of Margarethe von der Saale )
- from 1584: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , Amt Lißberg
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War )
- from 1604: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hesse-Darmstadt , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Lißberg Office
- 1787: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hesse-Darmstadt, Upper Duchy of Hesse, Lißberg Office
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Office (and from 1803 court) Lißberg
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , Lißberg Office
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District District Nidda (separation between justice ( district court Ortenberg ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Nidda district
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, administrative district of Nidda
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Nidda district
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Nidda district
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Nidda district
- from 1874: German Empire, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Büdingen
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Province of Upper Hesse, District of Büdingen
- from 1938: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Büdingen district (provinces dissolved in 1937)
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative region, Büdingen district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Büdingen district
- from 1972: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt district, Wetterau district
|• 1791:||378 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||532 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||414 inhabitants, 66 houses|
|• 1829:||522 inhabitants, 83 houses|
|• 1867:||388 inhabitants, 62 inhabited buildings|
|• 1875:||325 inhabitants, 60 inhabited buildings|
|Lißberg: Population from 1791 to 2018|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 2011 census
|• 1829:||421 Protestant and one Catholic resident|
|• 1961:||638 Protestant (= 84.28%), 74 Catholic (= 9.78%) residents|
coat of arms
On April 13, 1964, the city of Lißberg in what was then the district of Büdingen was given a coat of arms with the following blazon : On a black background, a silver cross with a six-pointed, silver star in the upper corner and a growing, left-facing, blue-tongued and armored red lion in a golden one Heart shield.
Culture and sights
- The castle Lißberg was built in the 12th century by the noble lords of free Lißberg, but only in 1222 was first mentioned. Apart from the well-preserved keep, only one ruin remains of the castle .
- The Nidder power plant with its two upper basins dates back to 1923 and is considered a cultural and historical monument. It was originally designed as a pumped storage power plant and is considered since 1978 storage power station operated.
- The community of Lißberg also includes the Neumühle , built in 1722 , whose preservation is in the public interest.
- The sheep church above Lißberg on the Bonifatius route .
- In the musical instrument museum in the old school between church and castle, the development of musical instruments from Michael Praetorius to the present is presented. The museum houses the world's largest bagpipes and hurdy-gurdy collection with around 120 exhibits. Musical miniatures and ethnological wind instruments are also shown. The collection was mainly put together by Kurt Reichmann , a graphic artist, musician and instrument maker from Frankfurt am Main.
Every year since 1973 a hurdy-gurdy and bagpipe festival has taken place in Lißberg around the castle ruins. The musical focus is on drone and early music.
Lißberg has a sea of rocks in the Markwald and a triple larch in the adjacent forest to Ober-Lais.
freetime and sports
The Vogelsberger Vulkanradweg leads through Lißberg. Today the Vulkanradweg is part of the BahnRadweg Hessen , which runs on former railway lines for approx. 250 km through the Vogelsberg and the Rhön.
A small Kneipp facility was created directly on the volcano cycle path . It includes a step pool and an arm pool. The system is fed from the opposite spring, which has a relatively constant temperature: At the spring jump 14 - at the treading pool 16 degrees Celsius.
In addition to soccer with its own sports field, SV Lißberg also offers gymnastics, table tennis and aerobics. A carnival department is also attached to it.
- District Lißberg on the website of the city of Ortenberg.
- Lißberg / Hessen. Local history with historical pictures, information. In: www.lissberg.de. Working group regional history Lißberg
- Lißberg, Wetterau district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Illustration by Daniel Meisner from 1625: Lißberg; It is not all hunters who lead Hörnlin ( digitized version )
- Literature about Lißberg in the Hessian Bibliography
- Lißberg, Wetteraukreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of July 17, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Population. In: Website of the city of Ortenberg, accessed in April 2020.
- Heinrich Reimer , document book on the history of the Lords of Hanau and the former province of Hanau. Part 1. Leipzig 1891, p. 118, no. 148
- Angela Metzner: Reichslandpolitik, aristocracy and castles - studies on the Wetterau in the Staufer time. In: Büdinger Geschichtsblätter 21, 2008/2009, pp. 117f .; Klaus-Peter Decker: Gentlemen in the Wetterau. In: Knights, Counts and Princes - secular dominions in the Hessian area approx. 900–1806. Marburg 2014, p. 305
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 165 f . ( Online at google books ).
- municipal area reform in Hesse; Mergers and incorporations of municipalities from July 1, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 28 , p. 1117 , point 988 para. 12 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.0 MB ]).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- The affiliation of the Lißberg office based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hesse : Hessen-Marburg 1567-1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604-1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567-1866 .
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 13 ff ., § 26 point d) X. ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 203 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 9 ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1806 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 272 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape 22 . Weimar 1821, p. 420 ( online at Google Books ).
- Georg W. Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt 1830, p. 181 ff . ( online at Google Books ).
- Law on the repeal of the provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen from April 1, 1937 . In: The Reichsstatthalter in Hessen Sprengler (Hrsg.): Hessisches Regierungsblatt. 1937 no. 8 , p. 121 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 11.2 MB ]).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 225 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Housing spaces 1867 . In: Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1877, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730484 , p. 121 ( online at google books ).
- Residential places 1875 . In: Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 15 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1877, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730484 , p. 14 ( online at google books ).
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. (PDF; 1 MB) In: 2011 Census . Hessian State Statistical Office
- Approval of a coat of arms and a flag of the community Lißberg, district Büdingen from April 13, 1964 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1964 No. 17 , p. 538 , point 459 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4,2 MB ]).
- FAZ of October 13, 2010, p. 49