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Water code EN : 2486
location Vogelsberg



River system Rhine
Drain over Nidda  → Main  → Rhine  → North Sea
source Herchenhainer Höhe in Vogelsberg
50 ° 30 ′ 21 ″  N , 9 ° 14 ′ 50 ″  E
Source height 653  m above sea level NN
muzzle near Gronau (Bad Vilbel) in the Nidda coordinates: 50 ° 11 ′ 54 "  N , 8 ° 46 ′ 31"  E 50 ° 11 ′ 54 "  N , 8 ° 46 ′ 31"  E
Mouth height 110  m above sea level NN
Height difference 543 m
Bottom slope 7.9 ‰
length 68.6 km
Catchment area 435.682 km²
Runoff at the Windecken gauge
(90.1% of the catchment area)
887.4 l / s,
3,875.1 m³ / s
Medium-sized cities Bad Vilbel
Small towns Schotten , Gedern , Ortenberg , Altenstadt , Nidderau
Communities Hirzenhain
Nidder between Altenstadt and Waldsiedlung

Nidder between Altenstadt and Waldsiedlung

The Nidder is a left tributary of the Nidda in the state of Hesse , Germany. From the source to shortly before the mouth it runs about 10 km southeast parallel to the Nidda.


Nidder is a variant of Nidda with an "-er" ending (see also Nidda )



The compensation pond of the power plant Lißberg an der Nidder
Muzzle into the Nidda

The Nidder rises in the Vogelsberg , on the edge of the Herchenhainer Höhe ( 733  m above sea level ) in the rain-rich Oberwald. The young river flows over Sichenhausen , Kaulstoss and Burkhards near Gedern and is fed by the water from the Gedern lake . In Hirzenhain , the Nidder flows through a dam, which is part of a power plant complex . At Lißberg the Nidder flows past the compensation pond of the Nidder power plant . The water diverted from the Nidder and the Hillersbach flow to it behind the pond. Passing the “Nidderauen” nature reserve near Glauburg , the Nidder reaches Lindheim , where the Seemenbach , coming from the Büdinger area, flows into it. With the crossing under the A 45 the Nidder reaches the Wetterau . After Altenstadt , Höchst and Eichen, the Nidder flows to Nidderau . The name of the city was chosen after the floodplain of the Nidder. Further on via Schöneck , past Niederdorfelden , the Nidder flows towards Bad Vilbel and joins the Nidda at the Gronau district .


  • Spießbach ( left )
  • Merkenfritzerbach ( left )
  • Hillersbach (right)
  • Bleichenbach ( left )
  • Seemenbach ( left )
  • Grenzgraben ( Schwarzlochgraben ) ( left )
  • Grenzgraben ( right )
  • Lämmchesgraben ( right )
  • Bachstaden ( right )
  • Schwarzlachgraben ( left )
  • Neuwiesengraben ( right )
  • Hessenjakobsgraben ( left )
  • Lohmühlsgraben ( right )
  • Krebsbach ( right )
  • Katzbach ( left )
  • Landwehrgraben ( right )
  • Erlenbach ( right )
  • Hellerborn Bach ( left )
  • Feldbach ( left )
  • Graben im Reith ( right )

River systems


In contrast to the artificially straightened Nidda, which is forced into a "corset", the Nidda still flows in its original river bed in most areas . This can be seen particularly in the annual autumn and winter floods, during which the Nidder rises in many sections over the banks and forms a large lake plateau between Altenstadt, Nidderau and Schöneck .

Due to the increasing environmental awareness of the population and the construction of sewage treatment plants , the fish stock in the Nidder is again very species-rich. Most of the course of the Nidder has water quality level II.

In the Middle Ages the river had an economic importance due to mills on its course, e.g. B. in oaks, Heldenbergen, Niederdorfelden or Windecken . The Philippi mill and the Thylmann mill, in which flour is extracted , are still in operation in Schöneck , albeit without hydropower . In Niederdorfelden, the historic oil mill from the 18th century has been restored and largely returned to its old condition. In Lißberg and Eckartsborn there are a total of three further mills in operation, which, however, have been equipped with turbines to generate electricity. One of them is the Neumühle in Lißberg , built in 1722 .

In addition, the Nidder power plant is located near Ortenberg-Lißberg . In Hirzenhain and on the Hillersbach, the water is dammed and the natural gradient is used to generate electricity. The compensation pond behind the power plant houses a bird island. A mill ditch is also diverted from the pond. One of the mills also generates electricity for its own use.

There are also traffic flows in the valley of the Nidder: On the one hand, the Niddertalbahn , which runs from Frankfurt am Main to Glauburg- Stockheim, uses the space for its tracks, on the other hand, the B 521 and B 275 follow their river bed over many kilometers.

The Niddertal is also popular with hikers , inline skaters and cyclists : the volcano cycle path largely follows the route of the former Vogelsbergbahn from Glauburg-Stockheim to Lauterbach .

Web links

Commons : Nidder  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Topographic map 1: 25,000
  2. Zweckverband Regionalpark Niddaradweg (Ed.): Freizeitkarte Niddaroute - From the mouth to the source . Karben, no year
  3. a b c Hessian Ministry for the Environment, Rural Areas and Consumer Protection
  4. For the explanation of the name of the water, see the article by Marieluise Petran-Belschner: The names of the waters of the Main-Taunus area ( Memento from August 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Förderverein Ölmühle Niederdorfelden eV Internet presence of the association, on: