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The Paris Opera ( Opéra Garnier )
Laeiszhalle Hamburg
Herrenchiemsee New Palace , Court of Honor
Wenckheim Palace, Budapest
Interior of Wenckheim Palace, Budapest
Palais Károlyi, Budapest
Grützner Villa in Dresden-Neustadt
Government building on Wiener Stubenring
Palace of Justice, Schweinfurt

Neo-Baroque (also: Neo- Baroque or Second Baroque ) is the designation of a style in architecture , sculpture and, with reservations, in music (correct musical style term: neoclassicism ). The term is also increasingly being applied to modern literature .

Neo-Baroque, a form of historicism , is assigned to the second half of the 19th century. It started around 1860, but spread mainly after 1880. Napoleon III. built the first large neo-baroque buildings in 1857 with the Tuileries and in 1860 with the Paris Opera . The Herrenchiemsee Palace was built in Bavaria and recreated the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles.

Neo-Baroque was particularly popular for theater buildings, as the Baroque brought all theatrical art forms to their peak. In the late phase of historicism, the previous orientation towards the Renaissance took a back seat and forms of the Baroque were used for a variety of building tasks, sometimes also for villas and other representative residential buildings.

In Austria , its use had a "patriotic" connotation , as it was linked to the cultural bloom and political expansion of the early 18th century. In its later phase it coexisted with Art Nouveau , which it partially influenced.


Secular building

Palace of Justice, Munich

Sacred building

Eichenau parish church


At the same time as in architecture, neo-baroque tendencies appear in sculpture. The Berlin sculptor Reinhold Begas and the Viennese Victor Tilgner are considered to be the main representatives of Neo-Baroque .



In music, the current of neoclassicism is sometimes incorrectly referred to as neo-baroque. Despite the difficult delimitation (the compositional direction that developed in the early 20th century took up both classical and late Baroque forms and stylistic devices ) the term neoclassicism has established itself in music history and in the authoritative professional music encyclopedias ( MGG old, MGG new, New Grove Dictionary ) .

Literature and film

Some literary trends and film styles of the 20th and 21st centuries have neo-baroque features. One speaks in particular of a Latin American neo-baroque. The Magic Realism , but also many works of postmodernism wearing neo-baroque features. Since everything has already been said, today images and texts can only be combined, varied, changed more and more quickly or quoted. The variety of forms and the citation would have reached an extent that was unimaginable a few years ago, postulates the Italian linguist and semioticist Omar Calabrese (1949–2012) and develops a theory of the poetics of repetition.

Web links

Commons : Neo-Baroque architecture  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Nicolas Freund: Die hardest Faust in, March 5, 2019.
  2. Omar Calabrese: Neo-Baroque: A Sign of the Times. Princeton UP 1992.